Behind Enemy Lines (play)

Play by Rosanna Yamagiwa Alfaro that tells the story of the Toda family and the travails brought on by their expulsion and incarceration in "assembly center" horse stalls and concentration camp barracks. The loyalty questionnaire splits the family, with one son joining the 442nd Regimental Combat Team and another ending up a renunciant. The play was had its first reading in 1980 and was produced by the Peoples Theater in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1981 and the Pan Asian Repertory Theatre in New York in March of 1982 as part a series of three plays about the Japanese American incarceration.[1]

Playwright Alfaro, a native of Ann Arbor, Michigan, who has been based in Cambridge, Massachusetts, has authored numerous plays—several of which refer to the incarceration—of which Behind Enemy Lines was her first. A short story writer and poet before that, she has focused on writing plays for the last three decades.

Authored by Brian Niiya, Densho

Related Articles

For More Information

Alfaro, Rosanna Yamagiwa. "Ethnic Expectations: The Politics of Staging the Internment Camps." In Last Witnesses: Reflections on the Wartime Internment of Japanese Americans. Edited by Erica Harth. New York: Palgrave, 2001. pp. 205–14.

Peterson, Jane T., and Bennett, Suzanne, "Rosanna Yamagiwa Alfaro." In Women Playwrights of Diversity: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1997.


  1. Pacific Citizen, Mar. 6, 1981, 10. The other two plays staged by the Pan Asian Repertory were Lionelle Hamanaka's Rohwer and Richard France's Station J. 3 Dramas on Japanese-American Internment Days," New York Times, March 12, 1982, C-15.