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    "body": "<html><body><br/>\n<div id=\"databox-BooksDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">American Scrapbook</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Author</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Jerome Charyn</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publisher</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Viking</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publication Date</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">1969</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Pages</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">177 pages</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">WorldCat Link</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\"><a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6200\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6200</a></td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>Title:American Scrapbook;\nAuthor:Jerome Charyn;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:Viking;\nPubDate:1969;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:177 pages;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:<a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6200\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6200</a>;\n</p>\n</div>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-CoreDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">RG Media Type</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">books</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">American Scrapbook</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Creators</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Jerome Charyn</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Interest Level</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Grades 9-12; Adult</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Grade Reading Level</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Grades 9-12; Adult</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Theme</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Identity crisis; Family</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Genre</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Historical fiction</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Point-of-View/Protagonist Characteristics</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">First-person; Japanese American men, women, and teenagers</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Availability</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Widely available</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Free Web Version</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">No</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Has Teaching Aids?</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">No</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Ratings and Warnings</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Some strong language; Some violence; Some sexual content</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Geography</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Watsonville, California</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Chronology</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">1940s</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Facility</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Manzanar [7]; Tule Lake [10]</td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:American Scrapbook;\nCreators:Jerome Charyn;\nInterestLevel:Grades 9-12; Adult;\nReadingLevel:Grades 9-12; Adult;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Identity crisis; Family;\nGenre:Historical fiction;\nPoV:First-person; Japanese American men, women, and teenagers;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Widely available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:Some strong language; Some violence; Some sexual content;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:Watsonville, California;\nChronology:1940s;\nFacility:Manzanar [7]; Tule Lake [10];\n</p>\n</div>\n</div>\n<p>Novel set in <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Manzanar\" title=\"Manzanar\">Manzanar</a> and <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Tule_Lake\" title=\"Tule Lake\">Tule Lake</a> by prolific writer Jerome Charyn and published in 1969.\n</p><p>The 177-page novel focuses on the story of the Tanaka family in Manzanar, who hailed from the coastal farming community of Watsonville, California, before the war. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the unnamed <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Issei\" title=\"Issei\">Issei</a> mother of the family was arrested and sent to an internment camp in Montana; though her children think of her, no communication from her is noted. The unnamed Issei father chooses to live separate from the family in Manzanar, with the Issei bachelors. Each of the five Tanaka <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Nisei\" title=\"Nisei\">Nisei</a> offspring ranging in age from 30 to 13 live in the same barracks apartment, along with the husband of the eldest daughter. The story in the novel is told through the perspective of these six Nisei, each of the six chapters written in one of their first person voices.\n</p><p>With both parents gone, eldest daughter Fumi serves as surrogate mother to the brood. Her husband, Mitsuo Arimoto is the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Block_managers\" title=\"Block managers\">block manager</a> and a Boy Scout leader who was a <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Japanese_American_Citizens_League\" title=\"Japanese American Citizens League\">Japanese American Citizens League</a> leader in Watsonville. Eldest son Harold, who had been a student at Stanford, is the editor of the camp newspaper, <i>The Patriot</i>, while his younger brother, Chuichi, a prewar army enlistee, had been kicked out of the army after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Fourteen year old Napoleon idolizes Chuichi and wants to be a naval gunner, while thirteen year old Ruby has gotten pregnant by a Nisei zoot suiter named Wendell Haraguchi. The storyline follows the gradual disintegration of the family in the cauldron of Manzanar, climaxing with Chuichi becoming a <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/No-no_boys\" title=\"No-no boys\">no-no</a> and going to Tule Lake, where the last chapter, told through his eyes, takes place.\n</p><p>The fifth of the New York native Charyn's nearly fifty books and his fourth novel, <i>American Scrapbook</i> was the first to venture beyond the New York Jewish world of his early works. It was published when the author was just thirty-two years old. It was widely reviewed at the time, with mainstream reviewers praising the choice of topic and lamenting the injustices bestowed on Japanese Americans, but mostly finding fault with the novelist's treatment of it. In particular, the device of having each chapter in the voice of a different character and Charyn's use of black humor were contentious elements for reviewers. The first was found to be \"somewhat chaotic\" by one reviewer and resulting in the reader being only \"given a surface impression\" while remaining \"detached as if he were glancing through an old album of faded photographs\" by another; on the other hand, Daniel Stern in <i>Life</i> writes that \"Charyn dips in and out of the minds of multitude of characters—the author's voice never intrudes and the pitfalls of the moralizer are avoided.\"<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">[1]</a></sup> On the latter, Thomas Lask in the <i>New York Times</i> thought that, \"Too much of the book is reduced to a campus spree,\" adding, \"Mr. Charyn's aim was undoubtedly to show the dark side through the humor, but the effect is that the comedy, which should be only a side to the novel, colors the whole.\" On the other hand, the reviewer in <i>Time</i> magazine wrote that \"Charyn knows how to make a pratfall out of a pitfall, how to convert sordid realism into a sort of surrealism.\"<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">[2]</a></sup> Other reviewers objected to the crude language.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">[3]</a></sup> Calling <i>American Scrapbook</i> \"Charyn's one truly unsuccessful book,\" literary critic Albert J. Guerard wrote, \"It would be excessive to say Charyn's Nisei always have the mentality and humor of New York Jews.\"<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\">[4]</a></sup>\n</p><p>Not surprisingly, reviewers for the Japanese American Citizens League organ the <i><a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Pacific_Citizen_(newspaper)\" title=\"Pacific Citizen (newspaper)\">Pacific Citizen</a></i> objected to what they argued were unrealistic portrayals of Japanese Americans the book. Allan Beekman found \"the characters... lacking in qualities sufficient to render them human,\" and \"motivated by blood-lust or unbridled sexual passion.\" \"After all, the average reader has not picked up the book with the intention of reading an animal story,\" he concluded. <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Bill_Hosokawa\" title=\"Bill Hosokawa\">Bill Hosokawa</a> found the Tanakas to be \"a remarkably untypical family,\" with the book giving the impression that \"the evacuees were sexually preoccupied if not depraved, unable to cope with reality, given to wild flights of fancy and delusions of power, and either wildly anti-American or almost as wildly anti-Japanese.\"<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref5_5-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref5-5\">[5]</a></sup>\n</p><p>Though largely forgotten today, <i>American Scrapbook</i> anticipates Julie Otsuka's critically acclaimed 2008 novel <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/When_the_Emperor_Was_Divine_(book)\" title=\"When the Emperor Was Divine (book)\">When the Emperor Was Divine</a></i>, which employs a similar structure.\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\"><b>Authored by <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">Brian Niiya</a>, Densho</b></div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">Niiya, Brian</div>\n<p>Might also like: <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Tule_Lake_(book)\" title=\"Tule Lake (book)\">Tule Lake</a></i> by Edward Miyakawa; <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/The_Climate_of_the_Country_(book)\" title=\"The Climate of the Country (book)\">The Climate of the Country</a></i> by Marne Mueller; <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/The_Harvest_of_Hate_(book)\" title=\"The Harvest of Hate (book)\">The Harvest of Hate</a></i> by Georgia Day Robertson\n</p>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">For More Information</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>Charyn, Jerome. <i>American Scrapbook</i>. New York: The Viking Press, 1969.\n</p><p>Guerard, Albert J. \"Notes on the Rhetoric of Anti-Realist Fiction.\" <i>Tri-Quarterly</i> 30 (Spring 1974): 3–50. \n</p>\n</div></div><div class=\"section\" id=\"Reviews\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Reviews\">Reviews</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>Beekman, Allan. \"Novel on Evacuation Still Needed\" Pacific Citizen, Aug. 29, 1969, 6. [\"Perhaps the most useful function of the novel might be to inspire some evacuee to do better.\"]\n</p><p>Bellman, Samuel L. <i><a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"http://www.unz.org/Pub/SaturdayRev-1969aug23-00040a02?View=PDF\" rel=\"nofollow\">Saturday Review</a></i>, Aug. 23, 1969, 40. [\"... a major effort by an unusually gifted writer to tell a story that probably has not been told before (at least, not effectively), but that really must be told, particularly in the present, post-moon walk era.\"]\n</p><p>Gropman, Donald. \"It Can Happen.\" <i>Christian Science Monitor</i>, July 24, 1969, 7. [\"In this beautifully understated novel, Mr. Charyn depicts the disintegration of social groups, families and individual people.\"]\n</p><p>Hosokawa, Bill. <i>Pacific Citizen</i>, Sept. 5, 1969, 3. [\"Most Nisei, I would guess, would hardly recognize 'American Scrapbook' as their story of the evacuation experience.\"]\n</p><p>\"The Dickens in Camp.\" <i>TIME Magazine</i>, July 4, 1969, 81.\n</p><p><i><a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"https://www.kirkusreviews.com/book-reviews/jerome-charyn-13/american-scrapbook/\" rel=\"nofollow\">Kirkus Reviews</a></i>, March 15, 1969, 328. [\"Sour humor, a sourer message, this is an almost allegorical suspension of 'the hostility, the shame, the inadequacy, the confusion, that we all. . . share.'\"]\n</p><p>Lask, Thomas. <i>New York Times</i>, June 3, 1969, 45. [\"Mr. Charyn's aim was undoubtedly to show the dark side through the humor, but the effect is that the comedy, which should be only a side to the novel, colors the whole.\"]\n</p><p>McVeigh, Terrence A. <i>Best Sellers</i>, June 15, 1969, 107. [\"Unfortunately the author by his choice of narrative method has given a surface impression of the life and emotions of these displaced persons which, somehow, allows the reader to remain detached as if her were glancing through an old album of faded photographs.\"]\n</p><p><i>Publishers' Weekly</i>, March 3, 1969, 50. [\"Unfortunately, this novel never goes deeper than quick sketches and only hints at the larger story underlying the misery of the people….']\n</p><p>Sokolov, Raymond A. \"Ignoble Episode.\" <i>Newsweek</i>, June 9, 1969, 114, 116. [\"Charyn has imagined himself quite credibly into the heads of people under stress, deprived of self-respect, reduced to fighting over bathtubs.\"]\n</p><p>Stern, Daniel. \"The Day the Melting Pot Froze Up.\" <i>LIFE Magazine</i>, June 6, 1969, 24.\n</p><p>Stewart, Robert. <i>Library Journal</i>, May 1, 1969, 1897. [\"The language and explicitness of some scenes do seem unnecessarily obscene.']\n</p>\n</div></div><div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">Footnotes</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n<ol class=\"references\">\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\"><i>Publishers' Weekly</i>, March 3, 1969, p. 50; Terrence A. McVeigh, <i>Best Sellers</i>, June 15, 1969, p. 107; Daniel Stern, \"The Day the Melting Pot Froze Up.\" <i>Life</i>, June 6, 1969, 24.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Thomas Lask, <i>New York Times</i>, June 3, 1969, p. 45; <i>Time</i>, July 4, 1969, p. 81, accessed online at <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,840212,00.html\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,840212,00.html</a> on March 10, 2014.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">\"The language and explicitness of some scenes do seem unnecessarily obscene,\" Robert Stewart, <i>Library Journal</i>, May 1, 1969, p. 1897; \"wearisome vulgarity,\" Allan Beekman, \"Novel on Evacuation Still Needed,\" <i>Pacific Citizen,</i> Aug. 29, 1969, p. 6.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Albert J. Guerard, \"Notes on the Rhetoric of Anti-Realist Fiction,\" <i>Tri-Quarterly</i> 30 (Spring 1974), 39.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref5-5\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref5_5-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Beekman, \"Novel on Evacuation\"; Bill Hosokawa, \"From the Frying Pan\" column, <i>Pacific Citizen</i>, Sept. 5, 1969, p. 3.</span>\n</li>\n</ol></div>\n<!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.156 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.160 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 454/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2731/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 7071/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1179/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:1464-0!*!0!!*!5!* and timestamp 20180309150211 and revision id 28077\n -->\n</div></div><div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div></body></html>",
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    "url_title": "American Scrapbook (book)",
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    "title": "American Scrapbook (book)",
    "url": "http://encyclopedia.densho.org/api/0.1/articles/American%20Scrapbook%20(book)/",
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    "modified": "2018-02-27T21:16:45",
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