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    "body": "<html><body><br/>\n<div class=\"floatright\"></div>\n<div class=\"floatright\"></div>\n<div class=\"floatright\"></div>\n<div class=\"floatright\"></div>\n<div class=\"floatright\"></div>\n<div class=\"floatright\"></div>\n<div class=\"floatright\"></div>\n<p>Residents of Bainbridge Island were the first <a href=\"/wiki/Nikkei\" title=\"Nikkei\">Nikkei</a> community to enter an incarceration camp during World War II. <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">[1]</a></sup> Japanese immigrants had founded ethnic communities near the island's prominent sawmills and shipyards in the late 1800s and shifted to agricultural endeavors by the 1910s. After eleven months in <a href=\"/wiki/Manzanar\" title=\"Manzanar\">Manzanar</a> incarceration camp, the Bainbridge group was reunited with other Western Washington Nikkei at <a href=\"/wiki/Minidoka\" title=\"Minidoka\">Minidoka</a> incarceration camp. After the war, Nikkei reestablished their strong presence on Bainbridge Island.\n</p>\n<div class=\"toc\" id=\"toc\"><div id=\"toctitle\"><h2>Contents</h2></div>\n<ul>\n<li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-1\"><a href=\"#Prewar_Community\"><span class=\"tocnumber\">1</span> <span class=\"toctext\">Prewar Community</span></a></li>\n<li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-2\"><a href=\"#Eviction\"><span class=\"tocnumber\">2</span> <span class=\"toctext\">Eviction</span></a></li>\n<li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-3\"><a href=\"#Life_at_Manzanar_and_Minidoka\"><span class=\"tocnumber\">3</span> <span class=\"toctext\">Life at Manzanar and Minidoka</span></a></li>\n<li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-4\"><a href=\"#The_Bainbridge_Review\"><span class=\"tocnumber\">4</span> <span class=\"toctext\">The Bainbridge Review</span></a></li>\n<li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-5\"><a href=\"#Post_War\"><span class=\"tocnumber\">5</span> <span class=\"toctext\">Post War</span></a></li>\n<li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-6\"><a href=\"#For_More_Information\"><span class=\"tocnumber\">6</span> <span class=\"toctext\">For More Information</span></a>\n<ul>\n<li class=\"toclevel-2 tocsection-7\"><a href=\"#Online_Resources\"><span class=\"tocnumber\">6.1</span> <span class=\"toctext\">Online Resources</span></a></li>\n<li class=\"toclevel-2 tocsection-8\"><a href=\"#Documentaries\"><span class=\"tocnumber\">6.2</span> <span class=\"toctext\">Documentaries</span></a></li>\n<li class=\"toclevel-2 tocsection-9\"><a href=\"#Secondary_Sources\"><span class=\"tocnumber\">6.3</span> <span class=\"toctext\">Secondary Sources</span></a></li>\n</ul>\n</li>\n<li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-10\"><a href=\"#Footnotes\"><span class=\"tocnumber\">7</span> <span class=\"toctext\">Footnotes</span></a></li>\n</ul>\n</div>\n<h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Prewar_Community\">Prewar Community</span></h2>\n<p>Approximately five miles wide and ten miles long, Bainbridge Island is located in Puget Sound between the Kitsap Peninsula and Seattle. Until the construction of the Agate Pass Bridge in 1950, only ferries and private boats connected the island to the mainland. A car ferry service to Seattle has operated since the 1920s. \n</p><p>Ethnic communes initially defined Bainbridge Island's demographics, but diminished as employment shifted towards agriculture. Japanese began arriving in the 1880s and the Japanese village of Yama soon contained more than fifty families.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">[2]</a></sup> From the 1870s to the 1920s, the Port Blakely Mill Company employed immigrants from British Columbia, Hawaii, China, Japan, Finland, Sweden and Italy. Islanders also worked at the Port Madison Mill and the Hall Brothers Shipbuilding Firm. The Moritani family introduced strawberry farms to the Island economy in 1908. This Nikkei-dominated industry produced two million pounds of fruit in 1940.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">[3]</a></sup> Zenhichi Harui and Zenmatsu Seko developed the twenty-seven acre Bainbridge Gardens, which contained a plant nursery, sunken garden, greenhouses, a grocery store and a gas station.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\">[4]</a></sup> Filipinos joined the island's diverse community in the 1920s and worked on many Nikkei farms. \n</p><p>While some Nikkei recall socially insular ethnic communities on Bainbridge, others speak of amicable relationships with white and Filipino Islanders. The public schools taught students of diverse backgrounds and <a href=\"/wiki/Nisei\" title=\"Nisei\">Nisei</a> students held many leadership positions. Commerce, sports competitions and religious organizations forged ties between Nikkei living on Bainbridge and those in Seattle.\n</p>\n<div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Eviction\">Eviction</span></h2>\n<p>Nikkei on Bainbridge experienced unique hardships after the attack on Pearl Harbor. The Black Ball Line, the ferry that transported people and goods from the island to Seattle, denied passage to all generations of Nikkei until the company's headquarters ordered them to accept all people possessing documentation of U.S. citizenship.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref5_5-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref5-5\">[5]</a></sup> The American Friends Service Committee stationed a group of volunteers on the island to act as \"observers and errand-boys,\" bringing bank forms and contracts from Seattle to <a href=\"/wiki/Issei\" title=\"Issei\">Issei</a> confined to the island. \n</p><p>Bainbridge Island's close proximity to U.S. Navy facilities prompted Lieutenant General <a href=\"/wiki/John_DeWitt\" title=\"John DeWitt\">John DeWitt</a> to call for their removal on March 24, 1942, the very day he issued Civilian Exclusion Order No. 1. Bainbridge residents had six days to sell or lease their farms, store belongings, find homes for pets, bid neighbors farewell and pack personal belongings. \n</p><p>As the first community to be removed, Islanders lacked local support systems and the government had inadequately prepared for the eviction process. Church groups helped other communities pack and store belongings, but the Seattle Council of Churches did not organize aid in time to help Islanders.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref6_6-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref6-6\">[6]</a></sup> The greatest confusion concerned transportation of material possessions. Eviction posters instructed Islanders to limit their luggage to \"that which can be carried by the family or individual.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref7_7-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref7-7\">[7]</a></sup> However, the U.S. government had not decided definitively how to handle this issue. After many Islanders sold their belongings, army officers announced that the government would ship additional luggage to the camps. Nikkei began repurchasing items before learning that the army had not secured the allocation of these funds.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref8_8-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref8-8\">[8]</a></sup>\n</p><p>On March 30th, army trucks conveyed Bainbridge's Nikkei from their homes, where families waited with their baggage, to the Eagledale ferry dock. Islanders noted the compassion with which the young soldiers from New Jersey conducted their duty.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref9_9-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref9-9\">[9]</a></sup> Friends and neighbors, high school classmates and curious observers lined the Bainbridge docks to watch Nikkei board the ferry. Roy Dennis, the principal of Bainbridge High School, excused students wishing to say goodbye.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref10_10-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref10-10\">[10]</a></sup> He also arranged for incarcerated seniors to finish the term through correspondence courses.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref11_11-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref11-11\">[11]</a></sup>\n</p><p>At 11:20 am, the ferry <i>Keholoken</i> departed with 227 Islanders. Quickly moving from the ferry to a train bound for central California's high desert, the community left Seattle. After a multi-day train ride, soldiers directed Islanders to buses for the last leg of their journey to the <a href=\"/wiki/Owens_Valley_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Owens Valley (detention facility)\">Owens Valley</a> Reception Center.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref12_12-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref12-12\">[12]</a></sup>\n</p>\n<div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Life_at_Manzanar_and_Minidoka\">Life at Manzanar and Minidoka</span></h2>\n<p>Owens Valley, later renamed Manzanar War Relocation Center, was the first camp prepared to receive detainees. But when Islanders arrived, the camp's sewer system and other crucial facilities were not completed.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref13_13-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref13-13\">[13]</a></sup> Meals consisted of army rations. Guard towers, barbed wire fences and additional barracks were still under construction. \n</p><p>After the Islanders left for California, the federal government ultimately sent most of Seattle's Nikkei to Minidoka, an incarceration camp in southern Idaho. Supported by white Protestant ministers working at Minidoka and Walt Woodward of the consistently sympathetic <i>Bainbridge Review</i>, Bainbridge Nikkei wrote letters to the <a href=\"/wiki/War_Relocation_Authority\" title=\"War Relocation Authority\">War Relocation Authority</a> (WRA), congress people and other outside contacts requesting transfers to Minidoka. Many missed family and friends confined in Idaho and others disliked the atmosphere of their California camp. Teenagers from Bainbridge clashed with those from Terminal Island.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref14_14-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref14-14\">[14]</a></sup> White outsiders believed the Washingtonians were \"much more advanced in . . . American ideas\" than the Californians and warned that the Bainbridge group would \"revert\" back to Japanese habits and customs if they remained at Manzanar.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref15_15-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref15-15\">[15]</a></sup>\n</p><p>Less than a year after their arrival, the WRA granted Islanders permission to rejoin other Washington Nikkei at Minidoka. On February 26, 1943, 177 Islanders from Manzanar arrived at Minidoka.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref16_16-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref16-16\">[16]</a></sup> Five families declined the offer, choosing to stay near California family members in Manzanar.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref17_17-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref17-17\">[17]</a></sup>\n</p>\n<div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"The_Bainbridge_Review\">The Bainbridge Review</span></h2>\n<p><i>The Bainbridge Review</i> continually assured readers of the assimilation and loyalty of Nikkei Islanders. With remarkable foresight, editors Milly and Walt Woodward paved the way for the ethnic community's return. The <i>Review</i> worked to create a positive attitude toward Nikkei on the island and never questioned that Nikkei continued to be part of the Bainbridge's community despite their absence. The Woodwards promoted high schooler Paul Ohtaki, the journal's janitor, to field reporter before the incarceration. His weekly column relayed the community's vital statistics and sports scores and conveyed the loyalty of Nikkei Islanders. Ohtaki wrote of the disagreements between Islanders and \"Orientals\" from California, and Walt Woodward noted that no Islander participated in the December 1942 riot at Manzanar.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref18_18-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref18-18\">[18]</a></sup> Other incarcerated Islanders took Ohtaki's place when he left camp in July 1943.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref19_19-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref19-19\">[19]</a></sup> The Woodwards hoped these reports would ease the transition as Nikkei returned home when the exclusion orders ended. \n</p><p>Several awards recognized the Woodwards' efforts, as did the naming of Woodward Middle School. David Guterson used Walt Woodward as a model for a character in his bestselling 1995 novel <i>Snow Falling on Cedars</i>.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-20\"><a href=\"#cite_note-20\">[20]</a></sup>\n</p>\n<div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Post_War\">Post War</span></h2>\n<p>In April 1945, the first members of Bainbridge's Nikkei community, Saichi and Yone Takemono, returned to the island permanently.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-21\"><a href=\"#cite_note-21\">[21]</a></sup> Over half of Bainbridge's prewar Nikkei population returned after their eviction.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-22\"><a href=\"#cite_note-22\">[22]</a></sup> Islanders faced financial challenges upon their return, but many locals welcomed them back to the area and a number of incarcerated farmers retained their land with the help of non-Nikkei Islanders.\n</p><p>In 1952, Nikkei founded the Bainbridge Island Japanese American Community (BIJAC) to sponsor social activities and provide community support. Picnics and potlucks help maintain community ties among Nikkei living on and off of the island and several members organized an oral history project. While many Nikkei Islanders resisted the idea in the 1970s, volunteers persevered to compile the Bainbridge Island Japanese American Community Collection. Several BIJAC leaders sit on the board of advisors for the Only What We Can Carry Project, a nonprofit group based in Bainbridge that develops lesson plans for elementary and upper level students in the Pacific Northwest.\n</p><p>Numerous memorials honor Bainbridge's Nikkei. In association with Minidoka National Historic Site, island resident and renowned architect Johnpaul Jones designed the expansive Bainbridge Island Japanese American Exclusion Memorial at Eagle Harbor. The Japanese American community designed <i>Haiku No Niwa</i>, a garden at the Bainbridge Public Library, to honor their ancestors on the island. Junkoh Harui built a memorial for his parents in the reopened Bainbridge Gardens. An intermediate school was named after an Issei farmer, Sonoji Sakai. Exhibits at the Bainbridge Island Historical Museum tell the story of island Nikkei and their incarceration.\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\"><b>Authored by <a href=\"/wiki/Anne_Blankenship\" title=\"Anne Blankenship\">Anne Blankenship</a></b></div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">Blankenship, Anne</div>\n<div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">For More Information</span></h2>\n<h3><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Online_Resources\">Online Resources</span></h3>\n<p>Bainbridge Island Japanese American Exclusion Memorial. <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://bainbridgememorial.org/\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://bainbridgememorial.org/</a>.\n</p><p>Bainbridge Island Japanese American Community. <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.bijac.org/\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.bijac.org/</a>.\n</p><p><i>Bainbridge Review</i> digital collection, Kitsap Regional Library. <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.KRL.org/kitsap-history\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.KRL.org/kitsap-history</a>\n</p><p>Densho Digital Archive. <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://archive.densho.org/main.aspx\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://archive.densho.org/main.aspx</a>.<br/>\nPhoto Collections:<br/>\nBainbridge Island Japanese American Community Collection<br/>\nBainbridge Island Review Collection<br/>\n</p><p>Visual History Interviews:<br/>\nEarl Hanson<br/>\nJunkoh Harui<br/>\nFumiko Hayashida<br/>\nFrank Kitamoto<br/>\nIsami &amp; Kazuko Nakao<br/>\n</p><p>University of Washington Libraries online exhibit. <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.lib.washington.edu/exhibits/harmony/Exhibit/bainbridge.html\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.lib.washington.edu/exhibits/harmony/Exhibit/bainbridge.html</a>.\n</p>\n<h3><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Documentaries\">Documentaries</span></h3>\n<p><i>Fumiko Hayashida: The Woman Behind the Symbol</i> film. Stourwater Pictures, 2009. \n</p><p><i>Visible Target</i> film. Produced by Cris Anderson and John de Graaf, 1985.\n</p>\n<h3><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Secondary_Sources\">Secondary Sources</span></h3>\n<p>Woodward, Mary. <i>In Defense of Our Neighbors: The Walt and Milly Woodward Story</i>. Bainbridge Island, WA: Fenwick, 2008. \n</p>\n<div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">Footnotes</span></h2>\n<div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n<ol class=\"references\">\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">In February 1942, the U.S. government forced Nikkei to leave their homes on Terminal Island, near Los Angeles, but did not place the community in camps at that time. A week prior to the Bainbridge removal, a voluntary advanced party of Nikkei from Los Angeles began working at Manzanar. Harlan D. Unrau, <i>The Evacuation and Relocation of Persons of Japanese Ancestry During World War II: A Historical Study of the Manzanar Relocation Center</i> (United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service, 1996). Available at <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/manz/hrs.htm\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/manz/hrs.htm</a>.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">\"Bainbridge Island before WWII,\" BIJAC History, <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.bijac.org/index.php?p=HISTORYPreWWII\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.bijac.org/index.php?p=HISTORYPreWWII</a>.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">\"Bainbridge Island before WWII,\" BIJAC History, <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.bijac.org/index.php?p=HISTORYPreWWII\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.bijac.org/index.php?p=HISTORYPreWWII</a>.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Junkoh Harui, interview by Donna Harui, 31 July 1998, Densho.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref5-5\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref5_5-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Louis Fiset, <i>Camp Harmony: Seattle's Japanese Americans and the Puyallup Assembly Center</i> (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2009), 30.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref6-6\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref6_6-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">The Seattle Council of Churches released a \"statement of comfort and good-will\" to Islanders, but gave no aid. Report of the Meeting of the Social Welfare and Service Committee, 26 Mar 1942, Box 15/Fld 5, Church Council of Greater Seattle Records, Accession No. 1368-7, University of Washington Libraries.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref7-7\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref7_7-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">\"Instructions to All Japanese Living on Bainbridge Island,\" 24 Mar 1942, \"Bainbridge Island,\" Camp Harmony Exhibit, University of Washington Libraries, last revised 20 Dec 1999, <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.lib.washington.edu/exhibits/harmony/Exhibit/bainbridge.html\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.lib.washington.edu/exhibits/harmony/Exhibit/bainbridge.html</a>.\"</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref8-8\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref8_8-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Tom G. Rathbone, Report of Service and Control Station, Bainbridge Island Japanese Evacuation, undated, \"Bainbridge Island,\" Camp Harmony Exhibit, University of Washington Libraries, last revised 20 Dec 1999, <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.lib.washington.edu/exhibits/harmony/Exhibit/bainbridge.html\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.lib.washington.edu/exhibits/harmony/Exhibit/bainbridge.html</a>.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref9-9\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref9_9-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Joseph Conard (American Friends Service Committee), Japanese Evacuation Report #5, 2 Apr 1942, \"Bainbridge Island,\" Camp Harmony Exhibit, University of Washington Libraries, last revised 20 Dec 1999, <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.lib.washington.edu/exhibits/harmony/Exhibit/bainbridge.html\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.lib.washington.edu/exhibits/harmony/Exhibit/bainbridge.html</a>.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref10-10\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref10_10-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">\"Exclusion and Internment,\" BIJAC History, <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.bijac.org/index.php?p=HISTORYExclusionInternment\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.bijac.org/index.php?p=HISTORYExclusionInternment</a>.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref11-11\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref11_11-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Nobuko Omoto, interview by Joyce Nishimura, 22 Oct 2006, Bainbridge Island Japanese American Community Collection, Densho.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref12-12\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref12_12-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Conard, Japanese Evacuation Report #5.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref13-13\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref13_13-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">\"Exclusion and Internment,\" BIJAC History, <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.bijac.org/index.php?p=HISTORYExclusionInternment\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.bijac.org/index.php?p=HISTORYExclusionInternment</a>.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref14-14\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref14_14-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Tats Kojima, interview by Debra Grindeland, 22 Oct 2006, Bainbridge Island Japanese American Community Collection, Densho.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref15-15\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref15_15-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Andrews to E.R. Fryer, 20 Jan 1943, Box 4/Fld 28, Emery E. Andrews Papers, Accession No. 1908-001, University of Washington Libraries. Paul Ohtaki, \"'Orientals' Shun Island Japanese,\" <i>Bainbridge Island Review</i>, 9 Apr 1942.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref16-16\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref16_16-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">\"177 Former Bainbridge People Here,\" <i>Minidoka Irrigator</i>, 27 Feb 1943, 1.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref17-17\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref17_17-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">\"Exclusion and Internment,\" BIJAC History, <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.bijac.org/index.php?p=HISTORYExclusionInternment\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.bijac.org/index.php?p=HISTORYExclusionInternment</a>.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref18-18\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref18_18-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Ohtaki, \"No Islander Implicated in Jap Riot,\" <i>Bainbridge Island Review</i>, 17 Dec 1942.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref19-19\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref19_19-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Mary Woodward, <i>In Defense of Our Neighbors</i>, 87.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-20\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-20\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Woodard, <i>In Defense of Our Neighbors</i>, 129-143.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-21\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-21\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Woodward, <i>In Defense of Our Neighbors</i>, 115.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-22\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-22\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">\"History of the Japanese-American Internment Memorial,\" Pritchard Park, <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.pritchardpark.org/Internment_Memorial.html\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.pritchardpark.org/Internment_Memorial.html</a>.</span>\n</li>\n</ol></div>\n<!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.216 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.225 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 530/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2011/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 531/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 57/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:34-0!*!0!!en!5!* and timestamp 20170309214426 and revision id 19208\n -->\n<div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div></body></html>",
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        "http://encyclopedia.densho.org/api/0.1/authors/Anne%20Blankenship/"
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    "url_title": "Bainbridge Island, Washington",
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    "title": "Bainbridge Island, Washington",
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    "title_sort": "Bainbridge Island, Washington",
    "modified": "2015-05-14T19:07:23",
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