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    "body": "<html><body><br/>\n<div class=\"floatright\"></div>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-CoreDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">RG Media Type</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">books</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Betrayed Trust: The Story of a Deported Issei and His American-Born Family During World War II</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Creators</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Motomu Akashi</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Interest Level</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Grades 9-12; Adult</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Grade Reading Level</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Adult</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Theme</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Coming of age; Disillusionment and dreams; Displacement; Heartbreak of betrayal; Identity crisis; Immigrant experience; Losing hope</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Genre</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Memoir</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Point-of-View/Protagonist Characteristics</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Memoir by a Nisei man</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Availability</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Available</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Free Web Version</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">No</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Has Teaching Aids?</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">No</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Geography</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Northern California; Japan</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Chronology</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">1893-ca. 1950</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Facility</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Topaz (Central Utah) [1] - Delta, Utah; Tule Lake [10] - Newell, California; Tanforan [15] - San Bruno, California; Santa Fe [27] - Santa Fe, New Mexico</td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:Betrayed Trust: The Story of a Deported Issei and His American-Born Family During World War II;\nCreators:Motomu Akashi;\nInterestLevel:Grades 9-12; Adult;\nReadingLevel:Adult;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Coming of age; Disillusionment and dreams; Displacement; Heartbreak of betrayal; Identity crisis; Immigrant experience; Losing hope;\nGenre:Memoir;\nPoV:Memoir by a Nisei man;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:Northern California; Japan;\nChronology:1893-ca. 1950;\nFacility:Topaz (Central Utah) [1] - Delta, Utah; Tule Lake [10] - Newell, California; Tanforan [15] - San Bruno, California; Santa Fe [27] - Santa Fe, New Mexico;\n</p>\n</div>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-BooksDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Betrayed Trust: The Story of a Deported Issei and His American-Born Family During World War II</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Author</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Motomu Akashi</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publisher</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">AuthorHouse</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publication Date</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">2004</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">WorldCat Link</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\"><a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/65558778\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/65558778</a></td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>Title:Betrayed Trust: The Story of a Deported Issei and His American-Born Family During World War II;\nAuthor:Motomu Akashi;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:AuthorHouse;\nPubDate:2004;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:<a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/65558778\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/65558778</a>;\n</p>\n</div>\n<p>A Nisei shares his family's heart-wrenching experience of wartime incarceration and the complex background behind their decision to go to Japan instead of staying in the U.S. after the end of the war. \n</p>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Synopsis\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Synopsis\">Synopsis</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>In the preface, the author explains that he wrote this book in order to find out more about his father who, during World War II, was a member of a group at <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Tule_Lake\" title=\"Tule Lake\">Tule Lake</a> concentration camp that advocated repatriation to Japan instead of remaining in the U.S. \n</p><p>Akashi begins with a brief history of his father, who immigrated to the U.S. in 1912 and studied agriculture. As a farmer, including at the Cortez extension of the Yamato Colony founded by <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Kyutaro_Abiko\" title=\"Kyutaro Abiko\">Kyutaro Abiko</a>, his father was disappointed by the opposition and discrimination Japanese farmers faced, but believed that Japanese farmers could change the minds of those who objected to their presence by working hard and being good neighbors. He married Vivian, a <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Nisei\" title=\"Nisei\">Nisei</a>, in 1926, and the family moved around, with the father working as a farmer as well as a <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Japanese_language_schools\" title=\"Japanese language schools\">Japanese language school</a> teacher. Motomu describes a comfortable childhood. \n</p><p>When Pearl Harbor was attacked, the Akashis destroyed everything Japan-related they had. The father was briefly detained by the FBI but released after a few days. Motomu describes their neighbors' changed attitudes towards them, as well as the painful process of preparing for incarceration. They were first taken to <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Tanforan_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Tanforan (detention facility)\">Tanforan Assembly Center</a>, then to <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Topaz\" title=\"Topaz\">Topaz</a> concentration camp. Akashi reflects on the difficulty of adjusting to a new life with new neighbors and the breakdown of old community and family ties. He also details the gradual shift in his father's thinking from exhorting his sons to be prepared to do anything for the sake of their country to deciding that it was in the family's best interests to repatriate (expatriate, in the case of the children) to Japan. \n</p><p>The remainder of the book recounts the family's transfer to <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Tule_Lake\" title=\"Tule Lake\">Tule Lake</a>, Akashi's father's growing involvement in a group, the Hokoku Hoshi Dan, that urged the resegregation of those requesting repatriation from those who were more aggressively pro-Japanese, the author and his brother's involvement in the Sokoku Dan (a group of Nisei whose parents were repatriating), and the other diverse and complicated groups vying for influence among the inmates in Tule Lake. He concludes with a retelling of the family's journey to Japan—including their uncertainty that their father would join them, since he had been detained in <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Santa_Fe_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Santa Fe (detention facility)\">Santa Fe</a> internment camp at the end—and the misery of life in Occupied Japan when they finally arrived.\n</p>\n</div></div><div class=\"section\" id=\"Author_Background\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Author_Background\">Author Background</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>Motomu Akashi (1929-2012) worked in military intelligence for over twenty years, was a veteran of both the Korean and Vietnam wars, and received numerous awards and commendations. After retirement, he dedicated much of his time to researching family history, with this book as the result. \n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\"><b>Authored by <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Emily_Anderson\" title=\"Emily Anderson\">Emily Anderson</a></b></div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">Anderson, Emily</div>\n<p>Might also like: <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Tule_Lake:_An_Issei_Memoir_(book)\" title=\"Tule Lake: An Issei Memoir (book)\">Tule Lake: An Issei Memoir</a></i> by Noboru Shirai; <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Beyond_Loyalty:_The_Story_of_a_Kibei_(book)\" title=\"Beyond Loyalty: The Story of a Kibei (book)\">Beyond Loyalty: The Story of a Kibei</a></i> by Minoru Kiyota; <i>In Defense of Justice: Joseph Kurihara and the Japanese American Struggle for Equality</i> by Eileen H. Tamura\n</p>\n</div></div><div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">For More Information</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p><a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/eastbaytimes/obituary.aspx?n=motomu-akashi-tom&amp;pid=160251782&amp;fhid=2191\" rel=\"nofollow\">Obituary, Motomu (Tom ) Akashi</a>. <i>East Bay Times</i>, Oct. 4–5, 2012.\n</p>\n<!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.116 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.118 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 318/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2079/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 7210/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1909/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 3/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:3744-0!*!0!!*!5!* and timestamp 20180309150253 and revision id 28087\n -->\n</div></div><div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div></body></html>",
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    "url_title": "Betrayed Trust: The Story of a Deported Issei and His American-Born Family During World War II (book)",
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    "title": "Betrayed Trust: The Story of a Deported Issei and His American-Born Family During World War II (book)",
    "url": "http://encyclopedia.densho.org/api/0.1/articles/Betrayed%20Trust:%20The%20Story%20of%20a%20Deported%20Issei%20and%20His%20American-Born%20Family%20During%20World%20War%20II%20(book)/",
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    "modified": "2018-02-27T22:20:21",
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