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    "body": "<html><body><br/>\n<div id=\"databox-PeopleDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Name</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Elizabeth M. Humbargar</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Born</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">July 4 1903</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Died</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">July 9 1989</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Birth Location</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Kansas</td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-People\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>FirstName:Elizabeth M.;\nLastName:Humbargar;\nDisplayName:Elizabeth M. Humbargar;\nBirthDate:1903-07-04;\nDeathDate:1989-07-09;\nBirthLocation:Kansas;\nGender:Female;\nEthnicity:White;\nGenerationIdentifier:;\nNationality:;\nExternalResourceLink:;\nPrimaryGeography:Stockton, CA;\nReligion:Catholic;\n</p>\n</div>\n<p>Educator and humanitarian. Raised in Salina, Kansas, Elizabeth Humbargar (1903–89) and her sister Catherine (1901–96) became teachers and moved to California in the 1920s, both ended up at Stockton High School in the 1930s, where she taught English and her sister math. Drawn to the Asian American students, Elizabeth became the faculty adviser of the 400-member Japanese American student club and encouraged and cajoled many <a href=\"/wiki/Nisei\" title=\"Nisei\">Nisei</a> to pursue college. When local Japanese Americans were forcibly sent to the <a href=\"/wiki/Stockton_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Stockton (detention facility)\">Stockton Assembly Center</a>, the Humbargar sisters worked to make sure their students were able to continue their educations, recruiting college students to teach classes there, venturing to the camp every day after school to counsel the student teachers and provide curricular materials and spare textbooks. After the inmates were transferred to the more permanent concentration camp in <a href=\"/wiki/Rohwer\" title=\"Rohwer\">Rohwer</a>, Arkansas, the sisters remained in touch and wrote an estimated 500 letters of recommendation to facilitate <a href=\"/wiki/Resettlement\" title=\"Resettlement\">resettlement</a>, college admission, and employment of their friends and former students. When Japanese Americans were allowed to return to Stockton in 1945, they opened their homes to serve as temporary lodging for former students and their families. Elizabeth helped to reestablish the local <a href=\"/wiki/Japanese_American_Citizens_League\" title=\"Japanese American Citizens League\">Japanese American Citizens League</a> (JACL) chapter and remained active in the community after the war. She went on to become a pioneering figure in English as a second language teaching and taught and served as a guidance counselor at San Joaquin Delta College, retiring in 1969. She was honored with an endowed JACL scholarship in her name, awarding the first scholarship in the amount of $500 herself in June 1970.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">[1]</a></sup> She was also honored by the Japanese government (1978) and by San Joaquin County (1981).<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">[2]</a></sup> In 2012, San Joaquin Delta College established the Elizabeth Humbargar Tolerance Garden and the Elizabeth Humbargar Counseling Center.\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\"><b>Authored by <a href=\"/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">Brian Niiya</a>, Densho</b></div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">Niiya, Brian</div>\n<h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">For More Information</span></h2>\n<p>Breitler, Alex. \"<a class=\"external text\" href=\"http://www.recordnet.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20120409/A_NEWS/204090315\" rel=\"nofollow\">Freedom Fighter</a>.\" <i>Stockton Record</i>, April 9, 2012.\n</p><p>\"<a class=\"external text\" href=\"http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lx1PruKdTRo\" rel=\"nofollow\">Our Voice: Elizabeth Humbargar Memorial Garden Dedication</a>.\" 30 minute video, 2012.\n</p><p>Siegel, Shizue. <i>In Good Conscience: Supporting Japanese Americans During the Internment</i>. San Mateo, Calif.: AACP, Inc., 2006.\n</p>\n<h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">Footnotes</span></h2>\n<div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n<ol class=\"references\">\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\"><i>Pacific Citizen</i>, June 26, 1970, p. 3.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\"><i>Pacific Citizen</i>, Feb. 27, 1981, 5–6.</span>\n</li>\n</ol></div>\n<!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.068 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.071 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 190/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 1186/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 1912/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 252/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 5/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:2446-0!*!0!!*!*!* and timestamp 20170309214428 and revision id 20191\n -->\n<div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div></body></html>",
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    "url_title": "Elizabeth M. Humbargar",
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    "title": "Elizabeth M. Humbargar",
    "url": "http://encyclopedia.densho.org/api/0.1/articles/Elizabeth%20M.%20Humbargar/",
    "absolute_url": "http://encyclopedia.densho.org/Elizabeth%20M.%20Humbargar/",
    "title_sort": "HumbargarElizabethM",
    "modified": "2015-07-07T23:59:54",
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