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    "body": "<html><body><br/>\n<div id=\"databox-FilmsDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Encounter with the Past: American Japanese Internment World War II</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Date</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">1980</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Director</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Tak Shindo</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Producer</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Tak Shindo</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Narrator</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Tak Shindo</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Starring</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Melva Nielson (interviewee); Yukio Tamura; Estelle Ishigo; Toyo Miyatake; Shinobu Mashiko; Tamotsu Tsuchida; Mako</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Music</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Tak Shindo</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Editing</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Jim Schneider</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Distributor</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Eurasia Publications</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Runtime</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">50 minutes</td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Films\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>Title:Encounter with the Past: American Japanese Internment World War II;\nDate:1980; \nGenre:;\nReleased:;\nDirector:Tak Shindo;\nProducer:Tak Shindo;\nWriter:;\nScreenplay:;\nStory:;\nBasedOn:;\nNarrator:Tak Shindo;\nStarring:Melva Nielson (interviewee); Yukio Tamura; Estelle Ishigo; Toyo Miyatake; Shinobu Mashiko; Tamotsu Tsuchida; Mako;\nMusic:Tak Shindo;\nCinematography:;\nEditing:Jim Schneider;\nStudio:;\nDistributor:Eurasia Publications;\nRuntime:50 minutes;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nBudget:;\nGross:;\nIMDBLink:;\nTrailerLink:;\n</p>\n</div>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-CoreDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">RG Media Type</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">films</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Encounter with the Past: American Japanese Internment</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Interest Level</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Grades 6-8; Grades 9-12; Adult</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Theme</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Injustice</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Genre</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Documentary</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Point-of-View/Protagonist Characteristics</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Japanese American incarcerees</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Availability</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">No availability</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Free Web Version</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">No</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Has Teaching Aids?</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">No</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Ratings and Warnings</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">NR (Not Rated)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Geography</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Manzanar, California</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Chronology</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">1942-1945</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Facility</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Manzanar [7]</td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>RGMediaType:films;\nTitle:Encounter with the Past: American Japanese Internment;\nCreators:;\nInterestLevel:Grades 6-8; Grades 9-12; Adult;\nReadingLevel:;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Injustice;\nGenre:Documentary;\nPoV:Japanese American incarcerees;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:No availability;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:NR (Not Rated);\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:Manzanar, California;\nChronology:1942-1945;\nFacility:Manzanar [7];\n</p>\n</div>\n</div>\n<p>A 1980 documentary film on the history of the World War II incarceration of Japanese Americans at <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Manzanar\" title=\"Manzanar\">Manzanar</a>, produced and directed by <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Tak_Shindo\" title=\"Tak Shindo\">Tak Shindo</a>, a <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Nisei\" title=\"Nisei\">Nisei</a> musician and composer, best known for his albums from the jazz exotica music era and television soundtrack work. The film is built around color footage of the camp taken by Aksel Nielson, the director of recreation at Manzanar. Narrated by Shindo, the film includes his own experiences at Manzanar, military service, and subsequent musical career. Though he had passed away prior to the making of the film, Nielson's voice can be heard describing scenes of sporting events and gardens at Manzanar, and his wife, Melva Nielson, a music teacher at Manzanar, is interviewed at length on camera. Among those appearing in the film are <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Military_Intelligence_Service\" title=\"Military Intelligence Service\">Military Intelligence Service</a> veteran Yukio Tamura, artist <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Estelle_Ishigo\" title=\"Estelle Ishigo\">Estelle Ishigo</a>, photographer <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Toyo_Miyatake\" title=\"Toyo Miyatake\">Toyo Miyatake</a>, nursery owner Shinobu Mashiko, Tamotsu Tsuchida, and actor <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Mako\" title=\"Mako\">Mako</a>. With the exception of the Nielsons, Shindo summarizes their comments over the footage of them, so that none of their voices actually are heard in the film. Also included are contemporary scenes of the Manzanar site at that time and of young people revisiting Manzanar, possibly at a <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Camp_pilgrimages\" title=\"Camp pilgrimages\">pilgrimage</a>.\n</p><p>The film is notable for being one of the earliest documentaries on the Japanese American exclusion and incarceration experience and for the unique and still rarely seen color footage. In addition to the many scenes of both organized and informal recreational activities at Manzanar (including a performance by the Jive Bombers big band), there is also footage of Manzanar Director <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Ralph_Merritt\" title=\"Ralph Merritt\">Ralph Merritt</a> and of the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Cow_Creek_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Cow Creek (detention facility)\">Cow Creek</a> camp, where inmates threatened by camp violence were removed for their own safety in December 1942.\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\"><b>Authored by <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">Brian Niiya</a>, Densho</b></div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">Niiya, Brian</div>\n<p>Might also like <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Manzanar_(film)\" title=\"Manzanar (film)\">Manzanar</a></i> (1971); <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Dave_Tatsuno:_Movies_and_Memories_(film)\" title=\"Dave Tatsuno: Movies and Memories (film)\">Dave Tatsuno: Movies and Memories</a></i> (2006); <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Emi_(film)\" title=\"Emi (film)\">Emi</a></i> 1979)\n</p>\n<div id=\"RelatedArticlesDisplay\">\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Related_Articles\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Related_Articles\">Related Articles</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>\n</p>\n<div id=\"RelatedArticlesSectionDisplay\">\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"\"><h3><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"\"></span></h3><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>\n</p>\n<ul><li> <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Dramatic_films/videos_on_incarceration\" title=\"Dramatic films/videos on incarceration\">Dramatic films/videos on incarceration</a></li></ul>\n</div></div></div>\n</div></div></div>\n<br/>\n<!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.124 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.128 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 386/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2697/1000000\nPost‚Äźexpand include size: 8703/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1416/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:1692-0!*!0!!*!5!* and timestamp 20180309150511 and revision id 28505\n -->\n<div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div></body></html>",
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    "url_title": "Encounter with the Past: American Japanese Internment in World War II (film)",
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    "title": "Encounter with the Past: American Japanese Internment in World War II (film)",
    "url": "http://encyclopedia.densho.org/api/0.1/articles/Encounter%20with%20the%20Past:%20American%20Japanese%20Internment%20in%20World%20War%20II%20(film)/",
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    "title_sort": "encounterwiththepastamericanjapaneseinternmentinworldwariifilm",
    "modified": "2018-03-01T02:43:29",
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