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    "body": "<html><body><br/>\n<div class=\"floatright\"></div>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-CoreDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">RG Media Type</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">books</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Flowers from Mariko</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Creators</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Rick Noguchi; Deneen Jenks; Michelle Reiko Kumata</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Interest Level</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Grades 1-2; Grades 3-5</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Grade Reading Level</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Grades 3-5</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Guided Reading Level</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">O</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Theme</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Growing up – pain or pleasure; Heartbreak of betrayal; Optimism – power or folly; Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice; Working class struggles</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Genre</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Children's; Historical Fiction</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Point-of-View/Protagonist Characteristics</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Told from perspective of young girl in and after camp</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Availability</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Widely available</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Free Web Version</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">No</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Geography</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Los Angeles, California</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Chronology</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">1940s</td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:Flowers from Mariko;\nCreators:Rick Noguchi; Deneen Jenks; Michelle Reiko Kumata;\nInterestLevel:Grades 1-2; Grades 3-5;\nReadingLevel:Grades 3-5;\nGuidedReadingLevel:O;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Growing up – pain or pleasure; Heartbreak of betrayal; Optimism – power or folly; Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice; Working class struggles;\nGenre:Children's; Historical Fiction;\nPoV:Told from perspective of young girl in and after camp;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Widely available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:Los Angeles, California;\nChronology:1940s;\nFacility:;\n</p>\n</div>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-BooksDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Flowers from Mariko</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Author</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Rick Noguchi; Deneen Jenks</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Illustrator</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Michelle Reiko Kumata</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publisher</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Lee &amp; Low Books</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publication Date</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">2001</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Pages</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">32</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">WorldCat Link</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\"><a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/title/flowers-from-mariko/oclc/46538715\" rel=\"nofollow\">https://www.worldcat.org/title/flowers-from-mariko/oclc/46538715</a></td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>Title:Flowers from Mariko;\nAuthor:Rick Noguchi; Deneen Jenks;\nIllustrator:Michelle Reiko Kumata;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:Lee &amp; Low Books;\nPubDate:2001;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:32;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:<a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/title/flowers-from-mariko/oclc/46538715\" rel=\"nofollow\">https://www.worldcat.org/title/flowers-from-mariko/oclc/46538715</a>;\n</p>\n</div>\n<p>Picture book for children about a Japanese American family's World War II incarceration and difficulties in restarting their lives after the war, told from the perspective of a young girl of about nine of ten. Mariko, her little sister Emi, and their parents live in Los Angeles before the war, where their father works as a gardener. When they are forced to leave, he leaves his gardening truck and equipment with their landlord. When Japanese Americans are allowed to <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Return_to_West_Coast\" title=\"Return to West Coast\">return to the West Coast</a> in 1945, the family makes plans to return. However their father finds that his truck and equipment have been sold, and the former landlord is nowhere to be found. The family is forced to live in a government-run <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Hostels\" title=\"Hostels\">trailer park</a> upon their return, and her father is unable to find work. One day, he finds some old equipment in the trash, along with some flower seeds. Remembering the flower garden he had planted in the concentration camp (the particular camp is not specified), Mariko plants the seeds, hoping the flowers will cheer him up. The flowers eventually bloom, coinciding with her father finding the means to restart his gardening business. A one-page Author's Note provides a brief summary of the historical events from the roundup of Japanese Americans after <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Executive_Order_9066\" title=\"Executive Order 9066\">Executive Order 9066</a> to <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Civil_Liberties_Act_of_1988\" title=\"Civil Liberties Act of 1988\">Civil Liberties Act of 1988</a>.\n</p><p>Illustrator Michelle Reiko Kumata used ink and gouach resist to create black and white drawings that were then colored by computer. She scanned fabric and textured papers to create the patterns found primarily in the clothing of the characters. <i>Flowers from Mariko</i> was Kumata's first as an illustrator.\n</p><p>Authors Rick Noguchi and Deneen Jenks are a husband and wife team. Both hold MFA degrees in creative writing from Arizona State University. <i>Flowers from Mariko</i> was also the first children's book for each, though Noguchi had previously published two volumes of poetry (<i>The Wave He Caught</i> [Pearl Editions, 1995] and <i>The Ocean Inside Kenji Takezo</i> [University of Pittsburgh Press, 1996]). Noguchi later became a program officer for the James Irvine Foundation and was named vice president of external affairs for the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Japanese_American_National_Museum\" title=\"Japanese American National Museum\">Japanese American National Museum</a> in 2015.\n</p><p>Reviews for <i>Flowers from Mariko</i> were mixed. While <i>Publishers Weekly</i> cites the \"strong imagery with apt metaphors,\" Elizabeth Bush in <i>Bulletin of the Center for Children's Books</i> cites the narration as \"somewhat drawn out and bland,\" and Rosalyn Pierini in <i>School Library Journal</i> writes that the \"poignancy of this family's ordeal and the tragedy of the forced removal during the war are dimmed somewhat by the flat tones of both the text and the illustrations.\"<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">[1]</a></sup>\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\"><b>Authored by <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">Brian Niiya</a>, Densho</b></div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">Niiya, Brian</div>\n<p>Might also like: <i><a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Welcome_Home_Swallows_(book)\" title=\"Welcome Home Swallows (book)\">Welcome Home Swallows</a></i> by Marlene Shigekawa; <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/So_Far_from_the_Sea_(book)\" title=\"So Far from the Sea (book)\">So Far from the Sea</a></i> by Eve Bunting; <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Heroes_(book)\" title=\"Heroes (book)\">Heroes</a></i> by Ken Mochizuki\n</p>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">For More Information</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>Publisher website: <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://www.leeandlow.com/books/2392\" rel=\"nofollow\">https://www.leeandlow.com/books/2392</a>.\n</p>\n</div></div><div class=\"section\" id=\"Reviews\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Reviews\">Reviews</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>Andronik, Catherine. <i>Booklist</i>, Nov. 1, 2001, 484. [\"Adults will need to explain the history before reading the story because the internment camp is simply called 'camp' in the text (an author's note at the back will help), and the illustrations are sometimes surprisingly racially ambiguous (the characters occasionally look more Latino than Japanese.)\"]\n</p><p>Bush, Elizabeth. <i>Bulletin of the Center for Children's Books</i> 55.5 (Jan. 2002): 181. [\"Noguchi's narration is somewhat drawn out and bland, and the family's renewed fortunes proceed with a steady pace more often found in picture books than in life.\"]\n</p><p>Pierini, Rosalyn. <i>School Library Journal</i>, Nov. 2001, 130. [\"The poignancy of this family's ordeal and the tragedy of the forced removal during the war are dimmed somewhat by the flat tones of both the text and the illustrations. While the story is not unmoving, the static pictures and straightforward prose diminish the pathos inherent in these events.\"]\n</p><p><i>Publishers Weekly</i>, Oct. 22, 2001, 76–77. [\"The authors create strong imagery with apt metaphors.\"]\n</p>\n</div></div><div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">Footnotes</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n<ol class=\"references\">\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\"><i>Publishers Weekly</i>, Oct. 22, 2001, 77; Elizabeth Bush, <i>Bulletin of the Center for Children's Books</i> 55.5 (Jan. 2002): 181; Rosalyn Pierini, <i>School Library Journal</i>, Nov. 2001, 130.</span>\n</li>\n</ol></div>\n<!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.136 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.137 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 381/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2511/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 7282/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1604/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:1714-0!*!0!!*!5!* and timestamp 20180309150542 and revision id 28128\n -->\n</div></div><div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div></body></html>",
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    "authors": [
        "http://encyclopedia.densho.org/api/0.1/authors/Brian%20Niiya/"
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    "url_title": "Flowers from Mariko (book)",
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    "title": "Flowers from Mariko (book)",
    "url": "http://encyclopedia.densho.org/api/0.1/articles/Flowers%20from%20Mariko%20(book)/",
    "absolute_url": "http://encyclopedia.densho.org/Flowers%20from%20Mariko%20(book)/",
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    "modified": "2018-02-28T00:12:17",
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