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    "body": "<html><body><br/>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-CoreDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">RG Media Type</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">films</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Invisible Citizens: Japanese Americans</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Interest Level</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Grades 9-12; Adult</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Theme</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Power of the past; Wisdom of experience</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Genre</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Documentary</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Point-of-View/Protagonist Characteristics</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">told from perspective of various Japanese Americans</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Availability</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Limited availability</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Free Web Version</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">No</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Topic</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Anti-war movements [447]; Identity and values-Sansei [338]; Redress and reparations-Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) [392]; Reflections on the past [118]; 442nd Regimental Combat Team [89]; Geographic communities-California-Los Angeles [272]</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Chronology</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">1980s</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Facility</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Tule Lake [10] - Newell, California; Topaz (Central Utah) [1] - Delta, Utah; Tanforan [15] - San Bruno, California</td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>RGMediaType:films;\nTitle:Invisible Citizens: Japanese Americans;\nCreators:;\nInterestLevel:Grades 9-12; Adult;\nReadingLevel:;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Power of the past; Wisdom of experience;\nGenre:Documentary;\nPoV:told from perspective of various Japanese Americans;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Limited availability;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:Anti-war movements [447]; Identity and values-Sansei [338]; Redress and reparations-Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) [392]; Reflections on the past [118]; 442nd Regimental Combat Team [89]; Geographic communities-California-Los Angeles [272];\nGeography:;\nChronology:1980s;\nFacility:Tule Lake [10] - Newell, California; Topaz (Central Utah) [1] - Delta, Utah; Tanforan [15] - San Bruno, California;\n</p>\n</div>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-FilmsDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Invisible Citizens: Japanese Americans</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Date</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">1983</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Producer</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Keiko Tsuno</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Writer</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Pat Sides</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Narrator</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Pat Suzuki</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Starring</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Shiro Tokuno; Asako Tokuno; Sanji Kimoto; Renee Kimoto; Takaji Goto; June Goto; Diane Kimoto; Mo Nishida; Robert Moteki; Phyllis Ogata; Terry Kameda; Jim Kajiwara; Nobu Kajiwara; Dave Tatsuno; Tadashi Tsufura; S. Murano</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Cinematography</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Keiko Tsuno</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Editing</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Keiko Tsuno</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Studio</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Downtown Community Television Center; WNET Media Services</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Runtime</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">57 minutes</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\"><a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"http://www.imdb.com\" rel=\"nofollow\">IMDB</a></th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\"><a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"http://www.imdb.com/title/tt2092439\" rel=\"nofollow\">Invisible Citizens: Japanese Americans</a></td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Films\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>Title:Invisible Citizens: Japanese Americans;\nDate:1983; \nGenre:;\nReleased:;\nDirector:;\nProducer:Keiko Tsuno;\nWriter:Pat Sides;\nScreenplay:;\nStory:;\nBasedOn:;\nNarrator:Pat Suzuki;\nStarring:Shiro Tokuno; Asako Tokuno; Sanji Kimoto; Renee Kimoto; Takaji Goto; June Goto; Diane Kimoto; Mo Nishida; Robert Moteki; Phyllis Ogata; Terry Kameda; Jim Kajiwara; Nobu Kajiwara; Dave Tatsuno; Tadashi Tsufura; S. Murano;\nMusic:;\nCinematography:Keiko Tsuno;\nEditing:Keiko Tsuno;\nStudio:Downtown Community Television Center; WNET Media Services;\nDistributor:;\nRuntime:57 minutes;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nBudget:;\nGross:;\nIMDBLink:<a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.imdb.com/title/tt2092439\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.imdb.com/title/tt2092439</a>;\nTrailerLink:;\n</p>\n</div>\n<p>Early documentary film that highlights the experiences of Japanese Americans during and after World War II through profiles of six Japanese Americans from around the country.\n</p><p>After a brief overview of <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Executive_Order_9066\" title=\"Executive Order 9066\">Executive Order 9066</a> and the subsequent forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans, the first segment focuses on Shiro Tokuno. The segment begins at a contemporary <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Camp_pilgrimages\" title=\"Camp pilgrimages\">Tule Lake Pilgrimage</a>, where Tokuno talks about his wartime experience. He joined the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Military_Intelligence_Service\" title=\"Military Intelligence Service\">Military Intelligence Service</a> and farmed after the war. Active in sharing his wartime story, we see Tokuno in an elementary school classroom where he answers questions about the incarceration and his military service.\n</p><p>The next segment is on Sanji Kimoto, a veteran of the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/442nd_Regimental_Combat_Team\" title=\"442nd Regimental Combat Team\">442nd Regimental Combat Team</a> who was blinded while fighting in France. We meet his wife, Renee, and follow him on his rounds as a Fuller Brush salesman. He talks about the war with another veteran, Takaji Goto, and his wife June, who talks about her late brother, the war hero <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Kazuo_Masuda\" title=\"Kazuo Masuda\">Kazuo Masuda</a>. Kimoto then goes to play cribbage with a white neighbor who recounts the prejudice Kimoto faced when he first moved into the neighborhood. The segment ends with Kimoto and his daughter Diane visiting the <i>Go For Broke</i> exhibition at the Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History in 1982.\n</p><p>Next is a segment on Mo Nishida, who lives in a bachelor apartment in Little Tokyo, Los Angeles. We visit his apartment, the Sun Cafe, a bar, and accompany him on one of his jobs as a driver for elderly people. Nishida talks about the \"single men's culture\" of <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Little_Tokyo_/_Bronzeville,_Los_Angeles,_California\" title=\"Little Tokyo / Bronzeville, Los Angeles, California\">Little Tokyo</a> and his insistence on living there because he \"wants to be a Buddhahead.\"\n</p><p>Robert Moteki is a clinical social worker in New York, where he lives with his French wife and daughter. We see him in a counseling session with an unidentified Japanese American woman. Moteki talks about how he had been ashamed of being Japanese for most of his life, which he has overcome through psychotherapy.\n</p><p>In Berkeley, California, we visit the Channing House, a coop formed by <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Nisei\" title=\"Nisei\">Nisei</a> for the care of elderly <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Issei\" title=\"Issei\">Issei</a>. Several unidentified Issei are shown reminiscing about their wartime confinement. We then visit Kimochikai, a social service agency that feeds elderly Japanese Americans. One of the workers there is Terry Kameda, a <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Sansei\" title=\"Sansei\">Sansei</a> with a six-year-old daughter. We follow him to an anti-war rally and to his daughter's Japanese bilingual school. He tells his daughter that he and his wife are getting a divorce and that he is moving to the mountains. We visit with him three months later in the mountains near Mt. Shasta, where he is determined to recreate traditional Japanese rural culture, which he feels that the Nisei abandoned in their rush to be American.\n</p><p>The last segment is on Jim and Nobu Kajiwara. We begin with the couple visiting the site of the shop they had owned in San Francisco before the war and end with a visit to the site of the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Tanforan_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Tanforan (detention facility)\">Tanforan Assembly Center</a>. Jim does clerical work, and he talks about the difficulties finding a job after the war. The Kajiwaras then visit <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Dave_Tatsuno\" title=\"Dave Tatsuno\">Dave Tatsuno</a>, who shows some of his home movies of <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Topaz\" title=\"Topaz\">Topaz</a>. The Kajiwaras visit the grave of their son Jim, who had been killed in the Vietnam War.\n</p><p>The film ends with excepts of testimony from the New York hearings of the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Commission_on_Wartime_Relocation_and_Internment_of_Civilians\" title=\"Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians\">Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians</a> featuring Moteki, Tadashi Tsufura, and S. Murano.\n</p><p>Filmmaker Tsuno, a Tokyo native, founded the New York based Downtown Community Television (DCTV), a community media center based in the Chinatown area, with her husband Jon Alpert in 1972. She has produced and directed numerous documentary films on a wide variety of topics and remains co-executive director of DCTV.\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\"><b>Authored by <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">Brian Niiya</a>, Densho</b></div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">Niiya, Brian</div>\n<p>Might also like <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Emi_(film)\" title=\"Emi (film)\">Emi</a></i> (1979); <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Mitsuye_and_Nellie:_Asian_American_Poets_(film)\" title=\"Mitsuye and Nellie: Asian American Poets (film)\">Mitsuye and Nellie: Asian American Poets</a></i> (1981); <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Children_of_the_Camps_(film)\" title=\"Children of the Camps (film)\">Children of the Camps</a></i> (1999)\n</p>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">For More Information</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p><i>Invisible Citizens: Japanese Americans</i> on Downtown Community Television Center website. <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.dctvny.org/documentaries/invisible-citizens-japanese-americans\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.dctvny.org/documentaries/invisible-citizens-japanese-americans</a>.\n</p><p>Trailer for <i>Invisible Citizens</i>. <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://vimeo.com/21842061\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://vimeo.com/21842061</a>.\n</p>\n<!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.124 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.127 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 369/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2603/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 8982/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 3034/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 3/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:2661-0!*!0!*!*!5!* and timestamp 20180309150812 and revision id 28535\n -->\n</div></div><div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div></body></html>",
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    "url_title": "Invisible Citizens: Japanese Americans (film)",
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    "title": "Invisible Citizens: Japanese Americans (film)",
    "url": "http://encyclopedia.densho.org/api/0.1/articles/Invisible%20Citizens:%20Japanese%20Americans%20(film)/?format=api",
    "absolute_url": "http://encyclopedia.densho.org/Invisible%20Citizens:%20Japanese%20Americans%20(film)/?format=api",
    "title_sort": "invisiblecitizensjapaneseamericansfilm",
    "modified": "2018-03-01T04:05:39",
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