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    "body": "<html><body><br/>\n<div id=\"databox-BooksDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Issei and Nisei: The Internment Years</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Author</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Daisuke Kitagawa</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publisher</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Seabury Press</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publication Date</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">1967</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Pages</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">174</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">WorldCat Link</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\"><a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.worldcat.org/title/issei-and-nisei-the-internment-years/oclc/712458\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.worldcat.org/title/issei-and-nisei-the-internment-years/oclc/712458</a></td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>Title:Issei and Nisei: The Internment Years;\nAuthor:Daisuke Kitagawa;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:Seabury Press;\nPubDate:1967;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:174;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:<a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.worldcat.org/title/issei-and-nisei-the-internment-years/oclc/712458\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.worldcat.org/title/issei-and-nisei-the-internment-years/oclc/712458</a>;\n</p>\n</div>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n<!--\"rgdatabox-CoreDisplay\" removed-->\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:Issei and Nisei: The Internment Years;\nCreators:Daisuke Kitagawa;\nInterestLevel:Grades 9-12; Adult;\nReadingLevel:Grades 9-12; Adult;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Displacement; Importance of community; Role of religion - value or hypocrisy;\nGenre:Memoir;\nPoV:First person; Issei adult man;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:Washington; California;\nChronology:1940s;\nFacility:Pinedale [20]; Tule Lake [10];\n</p>\n</div>\n</div>\n<p>Memoir of a young <a href=\"/wiki/Issei\" title=\"Issei\">Issei</a> Methodist clergyman based in Washington state during the trying years of World War II. Published in the fall of 1967, Daisuke Kitagawa's account was among the first book-length first-person accounts of the Japanese American incarceration.\n</p><p>Kitagawa's account begins by describing the state of the Japanese American community in Washington prior to the war before following his community into the <a href=\"/wiki/Pinedale_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Pinedale (detention facility)\">Pinedale Assembly Center</a> in Fresno, California, then to <a href=\"/wiki/Tule_Lake\" title=\"Tule Lake\">Tule Lake</a>. At Tule Lake, he ministers to the population while also assisting camp administrators. After segregation, he turns his attention to assisting with resettlement before going on to work at the <a href=\"/wiki/Military_Intelligence_Service_Language_School\" title=\"Military Intelligence Service Language School\">Military Intelligence Service Language School</a> in Minnesota. The memoir ends with the end of the war and does not discuss his postwar life. Though written in the first person and focused on Kitagawa's experiences, it is meant to tell a larger story; as Kitagawa writes: \"The book is autobiographical, but it is not my autobiography. If anything, it is a collective autobiography of the Japanese-American community as a whole, in which I am simultaneously an observer, an actor, and the narrator.\"<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">[1]</a></sup>\n</p><p>The book—and to some extent the community it represents—was praised by mainstream critics for its lack of anger and uniformly positive response to the indignities suffered. In <i>The Christian Century</i>, Milton E. Marty noted that the \"author is without rancor or bitterness,\" while <i>Publisher's Weekly</i> notes that Kitagawa \"relates his experiences without bitterness and with a full measure of Christian charity.\" In <i>Saturday Review</i>, Roger W. Shugg writes, \"It is a measure of the true quality of those who were interned that they and their children retain no residue of hate; that, once freed, they sought again to achieve full American citizenship.\"<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">[2]</a></sup> Its assessment by Asian American reviewers—particularly those coming from an Asian American Studies perspective—was less positive. For instance, Bruce Iwasaki sums up Kitagawa's accounts as \"overly biased toward Christianity, somewhat irritatingly accomodationist, and rather simplistically glib.\"<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">[3]</a></sup>\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\"><b>Authored by <a href=\"/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">Brian Niiya</a>, Densho</b></div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">Niiya, Brian</div>\n<h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">For More Information</span></h2>\n<p>Kitagawa, Daisuke. <i>Issei and Nisei: The Internment Years</i>. New York: Seabury Press, 1967.\n</p>\n<h3><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Reviews\">Reviews</span></h3>\n<p>Marty, Martin E. \"Compelling Document.\" <i>The Christian Century</i>, Jan. 3, 1968, 26.\n</p><p><i>Publishers' Weekly</i>, Sept. 11, 1967, 64.\n</p><p>Shugg, Roger W. \"Virus of Hate.\" <i>Saturday Review</i>, Jan. 13, 1968, 89.\n</p>\n<h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">Footnotes</span></h2>\n<div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n<ol class=\"references\">\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Daisuke Kitagawa, <i>Issei and Nisei: The Internment Years</i> (New York: Seabury Press, 1967), p. vii.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Martin E. Marty, \"Compelling Document,\" The Christian Century, Jan. 3, 1968, p. 26; Review of Issei and Nisei, Publishers' Weekly, Sept. 11, 1967, p. 64; Roger W. Shugg, \"Virus of Hate,\" Saturday Review, Jan. 13, 1968, p. 89.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Bruce Iwasaki, \"Response and Change for the Asian in America: A Survey of Asian American Literature,\" in <i>Roots: An Asian American Reader</i>, edited by Amy Tachiki, et al. (Los Angeles: Asian American Studies Center, University of California, 1971), p. 93; see also Brian T. Niiya, \"Open-Minded Conservatives: A Survey of Autobiographies by Asian Americans,\" M.A. thesis, UCLA, 1990.</span>\n</li>\n</ol></div>\n<!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.116 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.117 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 403/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2559/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 6519/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1277/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:1460-0!*!0!!*!*!* and timestamp 20170713021110 and revision id 25547\n -->\n<div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div></body></html>",
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    "url_title": "Issei and Nisei: The Internment Years (book)",
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    "title": "Issei and Nisei: The Internment Years (book)",
    "url": "http://encyclopedia.densho.org/api/0.1/articles/Issei%20and%20Nisei:%20The%20Internment%20Years%20(book)/",
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    "title_sort": "Issei and Nisei: The Internment Years (book)",
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