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    "body": "<html><body><br/>\n<div id=\"databox-BooksDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Issei and Nisei: The Internment Years</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Author</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Daisuke Kitagawa</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publisher</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Seabury Press</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publication Date</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">1967</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Pages</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">174</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">WorldCat Link</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\"><a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.worldcat.org/title/issei-and-nisei-the-internment-years/oclc/712458\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.worldcat.org/title/issei-and-nisei-the-internment-years/oclc/712458</a></td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>Title:Issei and Nisei: The Internment Years;\nAuthor:Daisuke Kitagawa;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:Seabury Press;\nPubDate:1967;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:174;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:<a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.worldcat.org/title/issei-and-nisei-the-internment-years/oclc/712458\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.worldcat.org/title/issei-and-nisei-the-internment-years/oclc/712458</a>;\n</p>\n</div>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-CoreDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">RG Media Type</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">books</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Issei and Nisei: The Internment Years</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Creators</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Daisuke Kitagawa</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Interest Level</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Grades 9-12; Adult</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Grade Reading Level</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Grades 9-12; Adult</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Theme</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Displacement; Importance of community; Role of religion - value or hypocrisy</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Genre</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Memoir</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Point-of-View/Protagonist Characteristics</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">First person; Issei adult man</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Availability</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Available</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Free Web Version</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">No</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Has Teaching Aids?</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">No</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Geography</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Washington; California</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Chronology</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">1940s</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Facility</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Pinedale [20]; Tule Lake [10]</td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:Issei and Nisei: The Internment Years;\nCreators:Daisuke Kitagawa;\nInterestLevel:Grades 9-12; Adult;\nReadingLevel:Grades 9-12; Adult;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Displacement; Importance of community; Role of religion - value or hypocrisy;\nGenre:Memoir;\nPoV:First person; Issei adult man;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:Washington; California;\nChronology:1940s;\nFacility:Pinedale [20]; Tule Lake [10];\n</p>\n</div>\n</div>\n<p>Memoir of a young <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Issei\" title=\"Issei\">Issei</a> Methodist clergyman based in Washington state during the trying years of World War II. Published in the fall of 1967, Daisuke Kitagawa's account was among the first book-length first-person accounts of the Japanese American incarceration.\n</p><p>Kitagawa's account begins by describing the state of the Japanese American community in Washington prior to the war before following his community into the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Pinedale_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Pinedale (detention facility)\">Pinedale Assembly Center</a> in Fresno, California, then to <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Tule_Lake\" title=\"Tule Lake\">Tule Lake</a>. At Tule Lake, he ministers to the population while also assisting camp administrators. After segregation, he turns his attention to assisting with resettlement before going on to work at the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Military_Intelligence_Service_Language_School\" title=\"Military Intelligence Service Language School\">Military Intelligence Service Language School</a> in Minnesota. The memoir ends with the end of the war and does not discuss his postwar life. Though written in the first person and focused on Kitagawa's experiences, it is meant to tell a larger story; as Kitagawa writes: \"The book is autobiographical, but it is not my autobiography. If anything, it is a collective autobiography of the Japanese-American community as a whole, in which I am simultaneously an observer, an actor, and the narrator.\"<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">[1]</a></sup>\n</p><p>The book—and to some extent the community it represents—was praised by mainstream critics for its lack of anger and uniformly positive response to the indignities suffered. In <i>The Christian Century</i>, Milton E. Marty noted that the \"author is without rancor or bitterness,\" while <i>Publisher's Weekly</i> notes that Kitagawa \"relates his experiences without bitterness and with a full measure of Christian charity.\" In <i>Saturday Review</i>, Roger W. Shugg writes, \"It is a measure of the true quality of those who were interned that they and their children retain no residue of hate; that, once freed, they sought again to achieve full American citizenship.\"<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">[2]</a></sup> Its assessment by Asian American reviewers—particularly those coming from an Asian American Studies perspective—was less positive. For instance, Bruce Iwasaki sums up Kitagawa's accounts as \"overly biased toward Christianity, somewhat irritatingly accomodationist, and rather simplistically glib.\"<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">[3]</a></sup>\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\"><b>Authored by <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">Brian Niiya</a>, Densho</b></div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">Niiya, Brian</div>\n<p>Might also like <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Manzanar_and_Beyond_(book)\" title=\"Manzanar and Beyond (book)\">Manzanar and Beyond: Memoirs of Frank F. Chuman</a></i> by Frank F. Chuman; <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/In_Search_of_Hiroshi_(book)\" title=\"In Search of Hiroshi (book)\">In Search of Hiroshi</a></i> by Gene Oishi; <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Out_of_the_Frying_Pan:_Reflections_of_a_Japanese_American_(book)\" title=\"Out of the Frying Pan: Reflections of a Japanese American (book)\">Out of the Frying Pan: Reflections of a Japanese American</a></i> by Bill Hosokawa\n</p>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">For More Information</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>Kitagawa, Daisuke. <i>Issei and Nisei: The Internment Years</i>. New York: Seabury Press, 1967.\n</p>\n</div></div><div class=\"section\" id=\"Reviews\"><h3><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Reviews\">Reviews</span></h3><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>Marty, Martin E. \"Compelling Document.\" <i>The Christian Century</i>, Jan. 3, 1968, 26.\n</p><p><i>Publishers' Weekly</i>, Sept. 11, 1967, 64.\n</p><p>Shugg, Roger W. \"Virus of Hate.\" <i>Saturday Review</i>, Jan. 13, 1968, 89.\n</p>\n</div></div><div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">Footnotes</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n<ol class=\"references\">\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Daisuke Kitagawa, <i>Issei and Nisei: The Internment Years</i> (New York: Seabury Press, 1967), p. vii.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Martin E. Marty, \"Compelling Document,\" The Christian Century, Jan. 3, 1968, p. 26; Review of Issei and Nisei, Publishers' Weekly, Sept. 11, 1967, p. 64; Roger W. Shugg, \"Virus of Hate,\" Saturday Review, Jan. 13, 1968, p. 89.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Bruce Iwasaki, \"Response and Change for the Asian in America: A Survey of Asian American Literature,\" in <i>Roots: An Asian American Reader</i>, edited by Amy Tachiki, et al. (Los Angeles: Asian American Studies Center, University of California, 1971), p. 93; see also Brian T. Niiya, \"Open-Minded Conservatives: A Survey of Autobiographies by Asian Americans,\" M.A. thesis, UCLA, 1990.</span>\n</li>\n</ol></div>\n<!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.136 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.138 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 411/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2583/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 6941/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1277/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:1460-0!*!0!!*!5!* and timestamp 20180309150816 and revision id 28155\n -->\n</div></div><div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div></body></html>",
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    "url_title": "Issei and Nisei: The Internment Years (book)",
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    "title": "Issei and Nisei: The Internment Years (book)",
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