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    "body": "<html><body><div id=\"databox-BooksDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Life behind Barbed Wire: The World War II Internment Memoirs of a Hawaii Issei</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Tessaku seikatsu</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Author</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Yasutaro Soga; Kihei Hirai (translator)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publisher</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">University of Hawai'i Press</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publication Date</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">2008</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Pages</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">255</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">WorldCat Link</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\"><a class=\"external free\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/title/life-behind-barbed-wire-the-world-war-ii-internment-memoirs-of-a-hawaii-issei/oclc/163593718/editions\" rel=\"nofollow\">https://www.worldcat.org/title/life-behind-barbed-wire-the-world-war-ii-internment-memoirs-of-a-hawaii-issei/oclc/163593718/editions</a></td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>Title:Life behind Barbed Wire: The World War II Internment Memoirs of a Hawaii Issei;\nAuthor:Yasutaro Soga; Kihei Hirai (translator);\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:Tessaku seikatsu;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:University of Hawai'i Press;\nPubDate:2008;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:255;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:<a class=\"external free\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/title/life-behind-barbed-wire-the-world-war-ii-internment-memoirs-of-a-hawaii-issei/oclc/163593718/editions\" rel=\"nofollow\">https://www.worldcat.org/title/life-behind-barbed-wire-the-world-war-ii-internment-memoirs-of-a-hawaii-issei/oclc/163593718/editions</a>;\n</p>\n</div>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n<!--\"rgdatabox-CoreDisplay\" removed-->\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:Life Behind Barbed Wire: the World War II Internment Memoirs of a Hawaii Issei;\nCreators:;\nInterestLevel:;\nReadingLevel:;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:;\nGenre:;\nPoV:;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Widely available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:;\nChronology:;\nFacility:;\n</p>\n</div>\n</div>\n<p>Internment memoir by Honolulu <a href=\"/wiki/Issei\" title=\"Issei\">Issei</a> publisher and community leader <a href=\"/wiki/Yasutaro_Soga\" title=\"Yasutaro Soga\">Yasutaro Soga</a>. Originally published in 1948 as <i>Tessaku seikatsu</i>, it was translated into English by Kihei Hirai and a team of volunteers at the Japanese Cultural Center of Hawai'i (JCCH) and published by the University of Hawai'i Press in 2008. \n</p><p>Like many other Issei leaders, Soga (1873–1957) was arrested shortly after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. He was first taken to the Honolulu Immigration Station Building and then to the <a href=\"/wiki/Sand_Island_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Sand Island (detention facility)\">Sand Island</a> detention camp, before being transferred to internment camps in <a href=\"/wiki/Lordsburg_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Lordsburg (detention facility)\">Lordsburg</a> and <a href=\"/wiki/Santa_Fe_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Santa Fe (detention facility)\">Santa Fe</a>, New Mexico. All told, he spent nearly four years imprisoned, before he finally returned to Honolulu in November of 1945. At the time of his internment, Soga was sixty-eight years old and had been living in Hawai'i for forty-five years.\n</p><p>Shortly after his return to the islands, he began publishing short vignettes about his internment experience in his newspaper, the <i>Hawaii Times</i> (formerly the <i><a href=\"/wiki/Nippu_Jiji_(newspaper)\" title=\"Nippu Jiji (newspaper)\">Nippu Jiji</a></i> prior to the war). These stories became the basis for <i>Tessaku seikatsu</i>. Soga's keen journalistic eye and poet's soul captured many details of his wartime imprisonment, and he relates encounters with many other Issei leaders whom he met at his various stops. His book also includes a appendix containing a list of the some seven hundred men (and a few women) from Hawai'i who were interned in the continental U.S. As one of the few accounts of internment from an Issei perspective as well as one of the few written by a internee from Hawai'i, Soga's account has been often cited by scholars.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">[1]</a></sup>\n</p><p>In 2008, the University of Hawai'i published an English translation of the book that had been prepared by JCCH. The translation included a new foreword by Dennis Ogawa and introduction by Tetsuden Kashima.\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\"><b>Authored by <a href=\"/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">Brian Niiya</a>, Densho</b></div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">Niiya, Brian</div>\n<div id=\"RelatedArticlesDisplay\">\n<h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Related_Articles\">Related Articles</span></h2>\n<p>\n</p>\n<div id=\"RelatedArticlesSectionDisplay\">\n<h3><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"\"></span></h3>\n<p>\n</p>\n<ul><li> <a href=\"/wiki/Memoirs_of_incarceration\" title=\"Memoirs of incarceration\">Memoirs of incarceration</a></li></ul>\n</div>\n</div>\n<br/>\n<h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">Footnotes</span></h2>\n<div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n<ol class=\"references\">\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Two of the many works that draw on it are Gary Okihiro's <i>Cane Fires: The Anti-Japanese Movement in Hawaii, 1865-1945</i> (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1991) and Patsy Sumie Saiki's <i>Ganbarre! An Example of Japanese Spirit</i> (Honolulu: Kisaku, Inc., 1982; Honolulu: Mutual Publishing, 2004).</span>\n</li>\n</ol></div>\n<!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.100 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.101 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 362/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2505/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 5601/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1144/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:3361-0!*!0!!*!*!* and timestamp 20170310154151 and revision id 23421\n -->\n<div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div></body></html>",
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    "url_title": "Life behind Barbed Wire: The World War II Internment Memoirs of a Hawaii Issei (book)",
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    "title": "Life behind Barbed Wire: The World War II Internment Memoirs of a Hawaii Issei (book)",
    "url": "http://encyclopedia.densho.org/api/0.1/articles/Life%20behind%20Barbed%20Wire:%20The%20World%20War%20II%20Internment%20Memoirs%20of%20a%20Hawaii%20Issei%20(book)/",
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    "title_sort": "Life behind Barbed Wire: The World War II Internment Memoirs of a Hawaii Issei (book)",
    "modified": "2016-08-18T22:29:45",
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