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    "body": "<html><body><br/>\n<div id=\"databox-PeopleDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Name</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Sadakichi Hartmann</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Born</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">1867</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Died</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">1944</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Birth Location</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Japan</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Generational Identifier</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n<p><a href=\"/wiki/Issei\" title=\"Issei\">Issei</a>\n</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-People\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>FirstName:Sadakichi;\nLastName:Hartmann;\nDisplayName:Sadakichi Hartmann;\nBirthDate:1867-01-01;\nDeathDate:1944-01-01;\nBirthLocation:Japan;\nGender:Male;\nEthnicity:JA;\nGenerationIdentifier:Issei;\nNationality:;\nExternalResourceLink:;\nPrimaryGeography:;\nReligion:;\n</p>\n</div>\n<p>Playwright and critic. An important figure in the American arts and literature world around the turn of the 20th Century, Sadakichi Hartmann (1867–1944) was also among the few Japanese Americans living on the West Coast who was able to avoid mass removal and incarceration. He was born in Japan in 1867, the son of a German trader father and a Japanese mother, and mostly raised in Europe. Sent to live with a relative in Philadelphia in 1882 and first gained fame as a playwright in the 1890s. He also became an influential art critic, authoring the two volume <i>History of American Art</i> in 1901 and a pioneering figure in writing about art photography. He addition to his writing, he painted, danced and became a well-known figure in the Bohemian scene in New York, gaining  the nickname \"King of Greenwich Village.\"\n</p><p>He moved west, setting in Riverside County in California in 1923, trying to break into Hollywood as a screenwriter and becoming a drinking buddy of John Barrymore and W. C. Fields. He also wrote <a href=\"/wiki/Haiku\" title=\"Haiku\">haiku</a> and <a href=\"/wiki/Tanka\" title=\"Tanka\">tanka</a>, some of which were published in the Japanese American vernacular press in the 1930s. By 1942, Hartmann was living with one of his daughters on a ranch near Banning, California. Elderly and in ill-health, Hartmann and his family were allowed to avoid the mass wartime expulsion of Japanese Americans, though he was frequently investigated by local and federal officials. He died in Florida in 1944 while visiting another daughter. His papers—including correspondence concerning his efforts to avoid wartime incarceration—are held at the University of California at Riverside. Since the 1970s, a resurgence of interest in Hartmann that led to the republication and anthologizing of many of his works over the next two decades.\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\"><b>Authored by <a href=\"/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">Brian Niiya</a>, Densho</b></div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">Niiya, Brian</div>\n<h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">For More Information</span></h2>\n<p>Fowler, Gene. <i>Minutes of the Last Meeting</i>. New York: Viking Press, 1954. [Popular memoir of a Hollywood journalist in which an older and down-on-his-luck Hartmann is a key figure.]\n</p><p>\"Guide to the Sadakichi Hartmann Papers.\" Special Collections &amp; Archives, University of California, Riverside. <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/tf7s2007q4/entire_text/\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/tf7s2007q4/entire_text/</a>.\n</p><p>Hartmann, Sadakichi. <i>The Valiant Knights of Daguerre: Selected Critical Essays on Photography and Profiles of Photographic Pioneers</i>. Edited by Harry W. Lawton and George Knox, with the collaboration of Wisteria Hartmann Lindon. Foreword by Thomas F. Barrow. Bibliography by Michael Elderman. Berkeley:University of California Press, 1978. \n</p><p><i>The Life and Times of Sadakichi Hartmann, 1867–1944</i>. Exhibition catalog for exhibition at the University of California, Riverside, May 1 to 31, 1970. Riverside, CA: University of Riverside Art Gallery, 1970.\n</p><p>Tajiri, Larry. \"Nisei USA: The Last of the Bohemians.\" <i>Pacific Citizen</i>, Oct. 11, 1947, p. 4. <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://pacificcitizen.org/digitalarchives/assets/images/full/PCN_19471011_004.jpg\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://pacificcitizen.org/digitalarchives/assets/images/full/PCN_19471011_004.jpg</a>.\n</p><p>–––\"Vagaries...: Bohemian Sadakichi Hartmann.\" <i>Pacific Citizen</i>, Feb. 5, 1954, 8. <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://pacificcitizen.org/digitalarchives/assets/images/full/PCN_19540205_008.jpg\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://pacificcitizen.org/digitalarchives/assets/images/full/PCN_19540205_008.jpg</a>.\n</p><p>---. \"Vagaries: Spy-Hunters vs. Sadakichi Hartmann.\" <i>Pacific Citizen</i>, April 29, 1955, 1. <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://pacificcitizen.org/digitalarchives/assets/images/full/PCN_19550429_001.jpg\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://pacificcitizen.org/digitalarchives/assets/images/full/PCN_19550429_001.jpg</a>.\n</p><p>Weaver, Jane Calhoun, ed. <i>Sadakichi Hartmann: Critical Modernist</i>. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.\n</p>\n<!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.044 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.047 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 119/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 730/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 1816/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 227/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 5/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:2202-0!*!0!*!*!*!* and timestamp 20170309214442 and revision id 16433\n -->\n<div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div></body></html>",
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    "url_title": "Sadakichi Hartmann",
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    "title": "Sadakichi Hartmann",
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