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    "body": "<html><body><br/>\n<div class=\"floatright\"></div>\n<p>A chess-like Japanese board game that was a popular pastime in the concentration camps, particularly for <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"\" title=\"Issei\">Issei</a>. Like chess, shoji is a two-person game played on a board divided into squares with pieces that have varying capabilities and values and has as its object to capture the opposition king. The game differs from chess in the number of squares (81 versus 64) and pieces (20 per side versus 16). Though one players is \"black\" and other \"white,\" the pieces themselves are not colored, and each shares the same pointed shape with Chinese characters on them. Also unlike chess, captured pieces can be turned around and redeployed by the capturer.\n</p><p>Shogi is frequently noted in descriptions of life in the Japanese American concentration camps in combination with go, another two-person board game. An account in an official <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"\" title=\"War Relocation Authority\">War Relocation Authority</a> publication suggests that go was the more popular game, which seems to supported by other anecdotal accounts.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">[1]</a></sup> In his internment memoir, Issei journalist <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"\" title=\"Kumaji Furuya\">Kumaji Furuya</a> wrote that he and a friend would joke before the war that should Japan and the U.S. go to war, the two of them would end up interned on Molokai playing shogi. \"Fate works in strange ways,\" he wrote, \"for we were eventually interned in the same New Mexico camp [Santa Fe] where we did get to play shogi games together.\"<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">[2]</a></sup>\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\"><b>Authored by <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">Brian Niiya</a>, Densho</b></div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">Niiya, Brian</div>\n<h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">For More Information</span></h2>\n<p>Furuya, Suikei. <i>Haisho tenten</i>. Honolulu: Hawai taimususha, 1968. Translated by Tatsumi Hayashi as <i>Internment from Camp to Camp</i>. Honolulu: Japanese Cultural Center of Hawai'i, forthcoming, 2015.\n</p><p>Nishimoto, Richard. <i>Inside An American Concentration Camp: Japanese American Resistance at Poston, Arizona</i>. Ed. Lane Ryo Hirabayashi. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1995. \n</p><p>United States Department of the Interior, War Relocation Authority. <i>Impounded People: Japanese Americans in the Relocation Centers</i>. Washington, D.C.:  [1946].\n</p>\n<h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">Footnotes</span></h2>\n<div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n<ol class=\"references\">\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">United States Department of the Interior, War Relocation Authority, <i>Impounded People: Japanese Americans in the Relocation Centers</i>, [1946], 168.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Suikei Furuya (pseudonym), <i>Haisho tenten</i> (Honolulu: Hawai taimususha, 1964). The quotation is from an English translation by Tatsumi Hayashi, which will be published by the Japanese Cultural Center of Hawai'i in 2015. In this account, he describes a system of tournaments for go but not for shogi, resulting in his playing more go while interned despite having played more shogi before the war.</span>\n</li>\n</ol></div>\n<!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.060 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.060 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 98/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 539/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 532/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 58/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:2594-0!*!0!!*!5!* and timestamp 20180116204713 and revision id 19548\n -->\n<div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div></body></html>",
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    "url_title": "Shogi",
    "categories": [
    "title": "Shogi",
    "url": "",
    "absolute_url": "",
    "title_sort": "Shogi",
    "modified": "2015-06-12T01:06:03",
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