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    "body": "<html><body><br/>\n<div id=\"databox-BooksDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Southland</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\"><a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Literary_genre\" rel=\"nofollow\">Genre</a></th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Fiction</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Author</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Nina Revoyr</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publisher</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Akashic Books</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publication Date</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">2003</td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>Title:Southland;\nAuthor:Nina Revoyr;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:Fiction;\nPublisher:Akashic Books;\nPubDate:2003;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:;\n</p>\n</div>\n<div class=\"floatright\"></div>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-CoreDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">RG Media Type</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">books</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Southland</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Availability</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Widely available</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Free Web Version</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">No</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Has Teaching Aids?</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">No</td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:Southland;\nCreators:;\nInterestLevel:;\nReadingLevel:;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:;\nGenre:;\nPoV:;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Widely available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:;\nChronology:;\nFacility:;\n</p>\n</div>\n</div>\n<p><i>Southland</i> is a critically acclaimed 2003 novel by Nina Revoyr set primarily in the multiracial Crenshaw neighborhood of Los Angeles. Part multi–generational family saga, part murder mystery, and part coming of age novel, the wartime incarceration of Japanese Americans affects several characters directly and is a background part of the world of the novel's key figures, both African American and Japanese American.\n</p>\n<div class=\"toc\" id=\"toc\"><div id=\"toctitle\"><h2>Contents</h2></div>\n<ul>\n<li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-1\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#Book_and_Author_Overview\"><span class=\"tocnumber\">1</span> <span class=\"toctext\">Book and Author Overview</span></a></li>\n<li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-2\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#Reaction_and_Impact\"><span class=\"tocnumber\">2</span> <span class=\"toctext\">Reaction and Impact</span></a></li>\n<li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-3\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#For_More_Information\"><span class=\"tocnumber\">3</span> <span class=\"toctext\">For More Information</span></a></li>\n<li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-4\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#Footnotes\"><span class=\"tocnumber\">4</span> <span class=\"toctext\">Footnotes</span></a></li>\n</ul>\n</div>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Book_and_Author_Overview\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Book_and_Author_Overview\">Book and Author Overview</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>Author Nina Revoyr was born in Japan and grew up in Tokyo, Wisconsin, and Southern California, first in the South Bay, then in Culver City, graduating from Culver City High School. Her mother is a Japanese national and her father a white American. Her four novels all feature Japanese American characters in a multi-racial environment, and three are set in Los Angeles in various historical periods. Her first novel, <i>The Necessary Hunger</i> (1997) centers on two high school age basketball players in Los Angeles, one Japanese American, one African American, and both lesbian. Her third, <i>The Age of Dreaming</i> (2008), has a <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Sessue_Hayakawa\" title=\"Sessue Hayakawa\">Sessue Hayakawa</a>-like Japanese American silent film star protagonist who is rediscovered by a young writer in 1964 and her fourth, <i>Wingshooters</i> (2011) examines race relations in a small midwest town in 1974.\n</p><p>Set in 1994, the protagonist of <i>Southland</i>, her second novel, is twenty-five year old <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Yonsei\" title=\"Yonsei\">Yonsei</a> lesbian law student Jackie Ishida. Born and raised in the upscale suburb of Torrance, California, the daughter of two physicians, she has clearly lived a privileged life. The novel begins with the death and funeral of Jackie's grandfather Frank Sakai, a <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Nisei\" title=\"Nisei\">Nisei</a> who had doted on Jackie as a child, but whom Jackie gradually drifted away from as she grew older. Jackie's somewhat bohemian aunt Lois, with whom Frank lived and whom Jackie is very close to, has Jackie come over to review some of Frank's papers. Among them, they find an old will that leaves the store he had once owned in the Crenshaw neighborhood to a Curtis Martindale, a name neither woman has heard of before. They also find a envelope marked \"store\" that contains $38,000 in cash. Lois asks Jackie to investigate who Curtis was, which Jackie grudgingly agrees to. Through a contact made at Frank's funeral, she meets Curtis's cousin, James Lanier, who manages an after school program in Crenshaw and who knew Frank. James tells Jackie that Curtis was one of four young African American teenagers who were killed in Frank's store during the Watt's riots, a crime that was covered up both from the general public and from Jackie's family. Believing the killer to be a particularly racist white policeman who witnesses remember seeing go in the store with the boys, Jackie ends up helping James investigate the murders. In the process, she learns about her family history and about her grandfather's life before the family abruptly moved to the suburbs after the riots, revelations that change her own understanding of herself and her life's priorities. The book is written from the point of view of multiple characters and the chapters alternate between the book's present of 1994 and various historical episodes that impact the discoveries that Jackie and James make.\n</p><p>According to Revoyr, the inspiration for the novel came from a visit to the iconic Holiday Bowl, a bowling alley and cafe in the Crenshaw district that was a de facto community center for both African American and Japanese American residents of the area.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">[1]</a></sup> Much of the novel takes place in the Crenshaw neighborhood, which is located southwest of downtown Los Angeles. Frank Sakai grows up there before the war when it was a semi-rural area known as Angeles Mesa. He and his friends—an equal number of African Americans and Japanese Americans—attend Dorsey High School prior to his and his family's wartime incarceration and the subsequent deaths of his father at <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Santa_Fe_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Santa Fe (detention facility)\">Santa Fe detention camp</a> and his sister in childbirth at <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Manzanar\" title=\"Manzanar\">Manzanar</a>. During their incarceration, Frank's friend Victor Conway watches over the family's property. After serving heroically in the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/442nd_Regimental_Combat_Team\" title=\"442nd Regimental Combat Team\">442nd Regimental Combat Team</a>, Frank returns to Crenshaw to work in an African American owned store, whose owner eventually gifts the store to him. In the postwar years, Crenshaw became a residential and business enclave for both Japanese Americans and African Americans, the two populations mostly living harmoniously side by side, as reflected in the book.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">[2]</a></sup>\n</p><p>The book was rejected by several mainstream publishers before being published in April 2003 by Akashic Books, a Brooklyn based small press that had had success with other lesbian themed titles.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">[3]</a></sup> In 2005, it was published in a Japanese translation by Yũ Honma.\n</p>\n</div></div><div class=\"section\" id=\"Reaction_and_Impact\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Reaction_and_Impact\">Reaction and Impact</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>Buoyed by largely positive reviews in alternative weeklies, the GLBT press, and such mainstream publications as the <i>Los Angeles Times</i> and <i>Washington Post</i>, <i>Publishers Weekly</i> reported that 10,000 copies had been sold in the first quarter after publication.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\">[4]</a></sup> <i>Southland</i> was named one of the Best Books of 2003 by the <i>Los Angeles Times</i> and a 2004 Stonewall Honor Book in Literature by the American Library Association and received the \"Lesbian Fiction\" award at the 16th annual Lambda Literary Awards in 2004 and the 2004 Ferro-Grumley Award for Lesbian Fiction, among many other awards and honors.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref5_5-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref5-5\">[5]</a></sup> Southland has also been analyzed in doctoral dissertations by Mikage Kuroki and Emily Hiramatsu Morishima.\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\"><b>Authored by <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">Brian Niiya</a>, Densho</b></div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">Niiya, Brian</div>\n<p>Might also like <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/What_the_Scarecrow_Said_(book)\" title=\"What the Scarecrow Said (book)\">What the Scarecrow Said</a></i> by Stuart David Ikeda; <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Famous_Suicides_of_the_Japanese_Empire_(book)\" title=\"Famous Suicides of the Japanese Empire (book)\">Famous Suicides of the Japanese Empire</a></i> by David Mura; <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Why_She_Left_Us_(book)\" title=\"Why She Left Us (book)\">Why She Left Us</a></i> by Rahna Reiko Rizzuto\n</p>\n</div></div><div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">For More Information</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>Nina Revyor's Southland page on her website, <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.ninarevoyr.com/books/southland/\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.ninarevoyr.com/books/southland/</a>\n</p><p>Revoyr, Nina. <i>Southland</i>. New York: Akashic Books, 2003. \n</p><p>Kirsh, Jonathan. \"A Rainbow Arcs Over L.A. Noir,\" <i>Los Angeles Times Book Review</i>, June 29, 2003, <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://articles.latimes.com/2003/jun/29/books/bk-kirsch29\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://articles.latimes.com/2003/jun/29/books/bk-kirsch29</a>.\n</p><p>Kurashige, Scott. <i>The Shifting Grounds of Race: Black and Japanese Americans in the Making of Multiethnic Los Angeles</i>. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010. [A history of the Crenshaw neighborhood in Los Angeles.]\n</p><p>Kuroki, Mikage. \"L.A. Stories: Identity and Conflict in Posturban Culture.\" Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Riverside, 2011. \n</p><p>Morishima, Emily Hiramatsu. \"Remembering the Internment in Post-World War II Japanese American Fiction.\" Ph.D. dissertation, UCLA, 2010. \n</p><p>Pareles, Marissa. \"L.A. Noir Made New.\" <i>Lambda Book Report</i> 11, no. 7/8 (February 2003): 30-32. <i>Academic Search Premier</i>, EBSCOhost.\n</p>\n</div></div><div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">Footnotes</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n<ol class=\"references\">\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">See <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.ninarevoyr.com/books/southland/holiday_bowl.php\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.ninarevoyr.com/books/southland/holiday_bowl.php</a>, accessed October 12, 2012.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">For a history of Japanese Americans and African Americans in the Crenshaw neighborhood, see Scott Kurashige, <i>The Shifting Grounds of Race: Black and Japanese Americans in the Making of Multiethnic Los Angeles</i> (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010).</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Charlotte Abbott, \"Brooklyn Press Scores With L.A. Writer,\" <i>Publishers Weekly</i> 250.28 (July 14, 2003): 23. <i>Academic Search Premier</i>, EBSCOhost (accessed October 12, 2012).</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Abbott, \"Brooklyn Press.\"</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref5-5\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref5_5-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\"><a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://articles.latimes.com/2003/dec/07/books/bk-1bestfict7/14\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://articles.latimes.com/2003/dec/07/books/bk-1bestfict7/14</a>; <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.ala.org/glbtrt/award/honored#2004\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.ala.org/glbtrt/award/honored#2004</a>; <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.lambdaliterary.org/winners-finalists/07/09/lambda-literary-awards-2003/\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.lambdaliterary.org/winners-finalists/07/09/lambda-literary-awards-2003/</a>; <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.publishingtriangle.org/awards.asp\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.publishingtriangle.org/awards.asp</a>, all accessed October 12, 2012.</span>\n</li>\n</ol></div>\n<!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.152 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.153 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 425/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2691/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 3881/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 269/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:1427-0!*!0!!en!5!* and timestamp 20180309151443 and revision id 28211\n -->\n</div></div><div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div></body></html>",
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    "url_title": "Southland (book)",
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