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    "body": "<html><body><br/>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-CoreDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">RG Media Type</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">books</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">The Children of Topaz: The Story of the Japanese-American Internment Camp</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Creators</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Michael O. Tunnell; George W. Chilcoat</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Interest Level</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Grades 3-5</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Grade Reading Level</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Grades 3-5</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Lexile</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">1080L</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Theme</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Companionship as salvation; Growing up – pain or pleasure; Loss of innocence</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Genre</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Children's</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Point-of-View/Protagonist Characteristics</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Told from perspective of Japanese American children in an American concentration camp</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Availability</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Widely available</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Free Web Version</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">No</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Chronology</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">1940s</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Facility</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Topaz (Central Utah) [1] - Delta, Utah</td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:The Children of Topaz: The Story of the Japanese-American Internment Camp;\nCreators:Michael O. Tunnell; George W. Chilcoat;\nInterestLevel:Grades 3-5;\nReadingLevel:Grades 3-5;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:1080L;\nTheme:Companionship as salvation; Growing up – pain or pleasure; Loss of innocence;\nGenre:Children's;\nPoV:Told from perspective of Japanese American children in an American concentration camp;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Widely available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:;\nChronology:1940s;\nFacility:Topaz (Central Utah) [1] - Delta, Utah;\n</p>\n</div>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-BooksDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">The Children of Topaz: The Story of a Japanese-American Internment Camp</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\"><a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Literary_genre\" rel=\"nofollow\">Genre</a></th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Children's</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Author</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Michael O. Tunnell; George W. Chilcoat</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publisher</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Holiday House</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publication Date</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">1996</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Pages</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">74</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Awards</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Parents' Choice Award, 1996; Cooperative Children's Book Center Choices, 1996; National Council of Teachers of English, 1997; \"notable books for a global society,\" International Reading Association, 1997</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">WorldCat Link</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\"><a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/title/children-of-topaz-the-story-of-a-japanese-american-internment-camp-based-on-a-classroom-diary/oclc/33819291\" rel=\"nofollow\">https://www.worldcat.org/title/children-of-topaz-the-story-of-a-japanese-american-internment-camp-based-on-a-classroom-diary/oclc/33819291</a></td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>Title:The Children of Topaz: The Story of a Japanese-American Internment Camp;\nAuthor:Michael O. Tunnell; George W. Chilcoat;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:Children's;\nPublisher:Holiday House;\nPubDate:1996;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:74;\nAwards:Parents' Choice Award, 1996; Cooperative Children's Book Center Choices, 1996; National Council of Teachers of English, 1997; \"notable books for a global society,\" International Reading Association, 1997;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:<a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/title/children-of-topaz-the-story-of-a-japanese-american-internment-camp-based-on-a-classroom-diary/oclc/33819291\" rel=\"nofollow\">https://www.worldcat.org/title/children-of-topaz-the-story-of-a-japanese-american-internment-camp-based-on-a-classroom-diary/oclc/33819291</a>;\n</p>\n</div>\n<p>Children's book by Michael O. Tunnell and George W. Chilcoat based on a class diary kept by a 3rd grade teacher at <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Topaz\" title=\"Topaz\">Topaz</a>.\n</p>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Synopsis\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Synopsis\">Synopsis</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>After a short introduction that provides background on the mass removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans, the diary begins on March 8, 1943 and ends on August 12, 1943, the last day of summer school. The various entries touch on many aspects of life in the concentration camps, ranging from living conditions, recreation, loyalty and military service, and even the killing of <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Issei\" title=\"Issei\">Issei</a> inmate <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Homicide_in_camp\" title=\"Homicide in camp\">James Hatsuki Wakasa</a> and its aftermath. Also noted is the infamous \"<a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Loyalty_questionnaire\" title=\"Loyalty questionnaire\">loyalty questionnaire</a>,\" which comes to affect the class directly when Miss Yamauchi leaves camp at the end of the school year to accompany her family to <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Tule_Lake\" title=\"Tule Lake\">Tule Lake</a>. On a happier note, the class also follows Miss Yamauchi's engagement and marriage during the term, even voting to keep calling her \"Miss Yamauchi\" rather than \"Mrs. Hori.\" An afterword covers the closing of Topaz, along with the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Redress_movement\" title=\"Redress movement\">redress movement</a> many years later. In addition to the images of the diary pages, the book is illustrated with general photographs of Topaz, as well as images of Miss Yamauchi and the class itself.\n</p>\n</div></div><div class=\"section\" id=\"Additional_Information\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Additional_Information\">Additional Information</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>A professor of children's literature at Brigham Young University (BYU) in Provo, Utah, and author of three prior children's books, Tunnell came across the class diary of Lillian \"Anne\" Yamauchi Hori at the Utah State Historical Society. The diary covered the spring and summer sessions of 1943 and captured the observations of the children as transcribed by their teacher, Miss Yamauchi. Each day's entry was illustrated by a member of the class. Tunnell and co-author Chilcoat, also a BYU professor, selected twenty of the daily entries, reproducing them in the book and adding their own annotations and explanations of the things mentioned by the children. They also tracked down Saburo Hori, the teacher's widower (she had passed away in 1993) and several of the children in the class who provided additional information.\n</p><p>Upon the book's publication, several other students contacted the authors, which led to a 1996 reunion of the class held in Berkeley that saw 15 out of the 23 students attend.\n</p><p>The book is well researched and has only a few minor errors. Among them: implying that Japanese Americans from all of Washington and Oregon were forcibly removed (those in the eastern halves of those states were spared) and not noting the forced removal of Japanese Americans from southern Arizona (page 7); claiming bank accounts for all Japanese Americans had been frozen (only those of the Issei were frozen) (42); overestimating the number of Japanese American women who served in the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Japanese_American_women_in_military\" title=\"Japanese American women in military\">Women's Army Corps</a> (45); misidentifying the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Civil_Liberties_Act_of_1988\" title=\"Civil Liberties Act of 1988\">Civil Liberties Act of 1988</a> (69); and claiming that $100 million was paid out under the auspices of the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Japanese_American_Evacuation_Claims_Act\" title=\"Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act\">Evacuation Claims Act</a> (the total was closer to $38 million) (69).\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\"><b>Authored by <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">Brian Niiya</a>, Densho</b></div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">Niiya, Brian</div>\n<p>Might also like <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Fred_Korematsu_Speaks_Up_(book)\" title=\"Fred Korematsu Speaks Up (book)\">Fred Korematsu Speaks Up</a></i> by Laura Atkins and Stan Yogi; <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/The_Japanese_Internment_Camps:_A_History_Perspectives_Book_(book)\" title=\"The Japanese Internment Camps: A History Perspectives Book (book)\">The Japanese Internment Camps: A History Perspectives Book</a></i> by Rachel A. Bailey; <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Barbed_Wire_Baseball_(book)\" title=\"Barbed Wire Baseball (book)\">Barbed Wire Baseball</a></i> by Marissa Moss\n</p>\n<div id=\"RelatedArticlesDisplay\">\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Related_Articles\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Related_Articles\">Related Articles</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>\n</p>\n<div id=\"RelatedArticlesSectionDisplay\">\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"\"><h3><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"\"></span></h3><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>\n</p>\n<ul><li> <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Children%27s_and_young_adults%27_books_on_incarceration\" title=\"Children's and young adults' books on incarceration\">Children's and young adults' books on incarceration</a></li></ul>\n</div></div></div>\n</div></div></div>\n</div></div><div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">For More Information</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>Inagawa, Machiko. \"Japanese American Experiences in Internment Camps during World War II as Represented by Children's and Adolescent Literature.\" Ph.D. dissertation, University of Arizona, 2007.\n</p><p>\"Michael O. Tunnell.\" <i>Contemporary Authors Online</i>. Detroit: Gale, 2009.\n</p>\n</div></div><div class=\"section\" id=\"Reviews\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Reviews\">Reviews</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>Bush, Elizabeth. <i>Bulletin for the Center for Children's Books</i>, Oct. 1997, 69.\n</p><p><i><a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"https://www.kirkusreviews.com/book-reviews/michael-o-tunnell/the-children-of-topaz/\" rel=\"nofollow\">Kirkus Reviews</a></i>, Apr. 1, 1996. \n</p><p>Nix, Kemie. <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"http://www.parents-choice.org/product.cfm?product_id=6373\" rel=\"nofollow\">Parents Choice Awards</a>, 1996 Story Books.\n</p><p>Philbrook, John. <i>School Library Journal</i>, Aug. 1996, 161–62.\n</p><p>Rochman, Hazel. <i>Booklist</i>, July 1996, 1818.\n</p>\n<!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.124 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.126 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 365/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2265/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 9360/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 2506/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:2286-0!*!0!!*!5!* and timestamp 20180309150341 and revision id 28223\n -->\n</div></div><div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div></body></html>",
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    "url_title": "The Children of Topaz: The Story of the Japanese-American Internment Camp (book)",
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    "title": "The Children of Topaz: The Story of the Japanese-American Internment Camp (book)",
    "url": "http://encyclopedia.densho.org/api/0.1/articles/The%20Children%20of%20Topaz:%20The%20Story%20of%20the%20Japanese-American%20Internment%20Camp%20(book)/",
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