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    "body": "<html><body><br/>\n<div id=\"databox-BooksDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">The Great Betrayal: The Evacuation of the Japanese-Americans during World War II</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Author</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Audrie Girdner; Anne Loftis</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publisher</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Macmillan</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publication Date</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">1969</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Pages</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">562</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Awards</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">California Book Award Silver Medal, 1969; Anisfield-Wolf Book Award, 1970</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">WorldCat Link</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\"><a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.worldcat.org/title/great-betrayal-the-evacuation-of-the-japanese-americans-during-world-war-ii/oclc/24294/editions?editionsView=true&amp;referer=br\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.worldcat.org/title/great-betrayal-the-evacuation-of-the-japanese-americans-during-world-war-ii/oclc/24294/editions?editionsView=true&amp;referer=br</a></td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>Title:The Great Betrayal: The Evacuation of the Japanese-Americans during World War II;\nAuthor:Audrie Girdner; Anne Loftis;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:Macmillan;\nPubDate:1969;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:562;\nAwards:California Book Award Silver Medal, 1969; Anisfield-Wolf Book Award, 1970;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:<a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.worldcat.org/title/great-betrayal-the-evacuation-of-the-japanese-americans-during-world-war-ii/oclc/24294/editions?editionsView=true&amp;referer=br\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.worldcat.org/title/great-betrayal-the-evacuation-of-the-japanese-americans-during-world-war-ii/oclc/24294/editions?editionsView=true&amp;referer=br</a>;\n</p>\n</div>\n<div class=\"floatright\"></div>\n<p>Sprawling, 562-page popular history tome on the forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II. <i>The Great Betrayal</i> was one of several historical accounts on this topic that appeared in the late 1960s and early 1970s that contributed to a much greater awareness of it both inside and outside the Japanese American community.\n</p><p>The account was based on both primary and secondary sources (most of the former from the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace at Stanford University) and interviews with many of the principals, both Japanese American and non-Japanese American. After two chapters recounting the prewar history of Japanese Americans, the authors delve into the story of <a href=\"/wiki/Executive_Order_9066\" title=\"Executive Order 9066\">Executive Order 9066</a>, exclusion, and incarceration, providing much detail on specific \"<a href=\"/wiki/Assembly_centers\" title=\"Assembly centers\">assembly centers</a>\" and <a href=\"/wiki/War_Relocation_Authority\" title=\"War Relocation Authority\">War Relocation Authority</a> administered concentration camps and touching on topics largely neglected in other accounts of the period including <a href=\"/wiki/Draft_resistance\" title=\"Draft resistance\">draft resistance</a> and the fate of <a href=\"/wiki/Nisei\" title=\"Nisei\">Nisei</a> caught in Japan. A full one-third of the book is devoted to the post-incarceration period, covering both inland <a href=\"/wiki/Resettlement\" title=\"Resettlement\">resettlement</a> and the rocky <a href=\"/wiki/Return_to_West_Coast\" title=\"Return to West Coast\">return to the West Coast</a>, the turning back of discriminatory legislation in the decade after the war, and two chapters on the current state of the community and its nascent interest in revisiting the incarceration story twenty-five years later. Appendices include a range of documents including the <a href=\"/wiki/Japanese_American_Creed\" title=\"Japanese American Creed\">Japanese American Creed</a> (called \"The Creed of the JACL\"), Executive Order 9066, Public Proclamations 5 and 6, a sample of one of the <a href=\"/wiki/Civilian_exclusion_orders\" title=\"Civilian exclusion orders\">exclusion orders</a>, and the \"Application for Leave Clearance,\" aka the <a href=\"/wiki/Loyalty_questionnaire\" title=\"Loyalty questionnaire\">loyalty questionnaire</a>.\n</p><p>At the time, both authors were freelance writers based in the San Francisco Bay area. <i>The Great Betrayal</i> was the first book for each. Loftis, the daughter of renowned historical Allan Nevins, went on to author four other books, most dealing with aspects of California labor history. <i>The Great Betrayal</i> won an Anisfield-Wolf Book Award (awarded to books that make \"important contributions to our understanding of racism and our appreciation of the rich diversity of human cultures\") in 1970 and a California Book Award Silver Medal from the Commonwealth Club of California in 1969.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">[1]</a></sup>\n</p><p>The book was widely reviewed in both mainstream and academic publications, with nearly all of the reviews positive. In many cases, it was reviewed in combination with one of the other books on the topic released at around the same time, including <a href=\"/wiki/Bill_Hosokawa\" title=\"Bill Hosokawa\">Bill Hosokawa</a>'s <i><a href=\"/wiki/Nisei:_The_Quiet_Americans_(book)\" title=\"Nisei: The Quiet Americans (book)\">Nisei: The Quiet Americans</a></i>, <i>The Impounded People</i> by <a href=\"/wiki/Edward_Spicer\" title=\"Edward Spicer\">Edward H. Spicer</a>, et al., and <a href=\"/wiki/Dillon_Myer\" title=\"Dillon Myer\">Dillon Myer</a>'s <i>Uprooted Americans: The Japanese Americans and the War Relocation Authority During World War II</i>. Reviewers praised the book's scope and range of research, it's accessibility, and it's focus on individual stories. Typical of the reviews are those by Joseph M. Kitagawa in <i>Christian Century</i> and by <i>Publishers' Weekly</i>. The former wrote that the the book, while \"... less technical than many others, gives a lucid account of this sad drama,\" adding that \"The authors tried, 'above all, to tell the story of people, of their reactions and experiences in this cataclysmic uprooting,' and in this venture they are successful.\" The latter called it \"... the most down-to-earth, compassionate, yet probingly objective and thorough book we have yet seen on the subject.\"<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">[2]</a></sup> In an otherwise positive review, Roger Daniels wrote in <i>Pacific Historical Review</i> that the authors were \"a little too smug… about the 'happy ending' that history seems to have given the Japanese-American story.\"<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">[3]</a></sup> The sole wholly negative review was by <a href=\"/wiki/Marvin_Opler\" title=\"Marvin Opler\">Marvin K. Opler</a> in <i>American Anthropologist</i>. A <a href=\"/wiki/Community_analysts\" title=\"Community analysts\">community analyst</a> in <a href=\"/wiki/Tule_Lake\" title=\"Tule Lake\">Tule Lake</a> during the war—and the co-author of a competing book that had just been reissued—Opler objected to the authors' treatment of post-segregation Tule Lake and faulted them for not using community analysis reports and other contemporaneous documents.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\">[4]</a></sup>\n</p><p>Though going on fifty years old, <i>The Great Betrayal</i> is still sometimes cited by scholars due to the wide range of topics it covers and its many interviews with subjects who have long since passed away. Tapes of some of the interviews are held by the University of California, Berkeley Libraries.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref5_5-0\"><a href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref5-5\">[5]</a></sup>\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\"><b>Authored by <a href=\"/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">Brian Niiya</a>, Densho</b></div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">Niiya, Brian</div>\n<h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">For More Information</span></h2>\n<p>Girdner, Audrie, and Anne Loftis. <i>The Great Betrayal: The Evacuation of the Japanese-Americans during World War II</i>. London: Macmillan, 1969.  \n</p><p><a class=\"external text\" href=\"http://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/tf929006r6/.\" rel=\"nofollow\">Guide to Anne Loftis Papers, 1953–1978</a>. Stanford University.\n</p>\n<h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Reviews\">Reviews</span></h2>\n<p>Beekman, Allan. \"Evacuation History Misses Main Point.\" <i>Pacific Citizen</i>, May 8, 1970, 6.\n</p><p><i>Booklist</i>, Jan. 1, 1970, 539.\n</p><p>Conroy, Hilary. <i>The American Historical Review</i> 77.1 (Feb. 1972): 229–30.\n</p><p>Daniels, Roger. <i>Pacific Historical Review</i> 39.3 (Aug. 1970): 395–96.\n</p><p>Freidel, Frank. <i>Political Science Quarterly</i> 87.1 (Mar. 1972): 111–12.\n</p><p>Hill, Gladwin. <i>New York Times Book Review</i>, Dec. 21, 1969, 4, 18.\n</p><p><i><a class=\"external text\" href=\"https://www.kirkusreviews.com/book-reviews/audrie-anne-loftis-girdner/the-great-betrayal-the-evacuation-of-the-japane/\" rel=\"nofollow\">Kirkus Reviews</a></i>, Oct. 15, 1969, p. 902.\n</p><p>Kitagawa, Joseph M. \"It Happened Here.\" <i>Christian Century</i>, Feb. 11, 1970, 183.\n</p><p>Lindberg, John. \"The American Way of Prejudice.\" <i>The North American Review</i> 256.2 (Summer 1971): 73–78.\n</p><p>Miyakawa, T. Scott. <i>Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science</i> 391 (Sept. 1970): 204–06.\n</p><p>Opler, Marvin K. <i>American Anthropologist</i> 75.2 (Apr. 1973): 557–59.\n</p><p><i>Publishers' Weekly</i>, Aug. 11, 1969, 37.\n</p><p><i>Time</i> Magazine, Oct. 24, 1969, 109.\n</p><p>Weins, Muriel. <i>Library Journal</i>, Sept. 1, 1969, 2918.\n</p>\n<div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">Footnotes</span></h2>\n<div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n<ol class=\"references\">\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">\"Anne Loftis,\" <i>Contemporary Authors Online</i>, Gale, 2002; \nAinsfield-Wolf Book Awards website, <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.anisfield-wolf.org/about/the-awards/\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.anisfield-wolf.org/about/the-awards/</a>; \"The California Book Award Winners 1931–2012,\" The Commonwealth Club of California Website, <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.commonwealthclub.org/sites/default/files/u123/Official%20Complete%20California%20Book%20Awards%20Winners.pdf\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.commonwealthclub.org/sites/default/files/u123/Official%20Complete%20California%20Book%20Awards%20Winners.pdf</a>, all accessed on March 12, 2014.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Joseph M. Kitagawa, \"It Happened Here,\" <i>Christian Century</i>, Feb. 11, 1970, p. 183; Publishers' Weekly, Aug. 11, 1969, p. 37.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Roger Daniels, <i>Pacific Historical Review</i> 39.3 (Aug. 1970), 396.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Marvin K. Opler, <i>American Anthropologist</i> 75.2 (Apr. 1973): 557–59.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref5-5\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref5_5-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">See <a class=\"external free\" href=\"http://www.worldcat.org/title/japanese-american-relocation-interviews-1966-1967/oclc/41498215&amp;referer=brief_results\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.worldcat.org/title/japanese-american-relocation-interviews-1966-1967/oclc/41498215&amp;referer=brief_results</a>.</span>\n</li>\n</ol></div>\n<!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.108 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.115 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 283/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 1584/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 3096/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1001/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:2295-0!*!0!!*!5!* and timestamp 20170309214436 and revision id 21252\n -->\n<div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div></body></html>",
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    "url_title": "The Great Betrayal: The Evacuation of the Japanese-Americans during World War II (book)",
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    "title": "The Great Betrayal: The Evacuation of the Japanese-Americans during World War II (book)",
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