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    "body": "<html><body><br/>\n<div id=\"databox-BooksDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">The Legend of Fire Horse Woman</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Author</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publication Date</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">2003</td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>Title:The Legend of Fire Horse Woman;\nAuthor:Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:;\nPubDate:2003;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:;\n</p>\n</div>\n<div class=\"floatright\"></div>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n<!--\"rgdatabox-CoreDisplay\" removed-->\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:The Legend of Fire Horse Woman;\nCreators:;\nInterestLevel:;\nReadingLevel:;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:;\nGenre:;\nPoV:;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Widely available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:;\nChronology:;\nFacility:;\n</p>\n</div>\n</div>\n<p>Novel by Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston published in 2003 that is set in large part in <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"\" title=\"Manzanar\">Manzanar</a>.\n</p><p>The book centers on three women, <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"\" title=\"Issei\">Issei</a> <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"\" title=\"Picture brides\">picture bride</a> Sayo Matsubara, her <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"\" title=\"Nisei\">Nisei</a> daughter Hana Murakami, and Hana's <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"\" title=\"Sansei\">Sansei</a> daughter Terri moving back and forth in time between the World War II years, when they and the rest of the family are incarcerated in Manzanar, and Sayo's marriage and early life in San Jose and Watsonville, California, forty years before. For both Sayo and Hana, arranged marriages don't work out for different reasons, and each finds true love in circumstances that seem to prevent fulfillment. In the course of the family's life at Manzanar—which is never explicitly named in the book—many of the key events of the camp's history play a role in the plot, from the December 1942 <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"\" title=\"Manzanar riot/uprising\">riot/uprising</a>, the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"\" title=\"Manzanar Children's Village\">orphanage</a>, the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"\" title=\"Loyalty questionnaire\">loyalty questionnaire</a>, <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"\" title=\"Japanese Americans in military during World War II\">military service</a>, and the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"\" title=\"Resettlement\">resettlement</a> of one character in a fictitious town resembling <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"\" title=\"Seabrook Farms\">Seabrook Farms</a>, New Jersey. The intertwined histories of Japanese Americans and Native Americans embodied in the history of Manzanar also play a key role in the book. The title refers to Sayo being born under the fire horse sign: by tradition, this signifies a woman whose independence and fiery nature make them poor wives in the traditional Japanese sense. However in the new world of Japanese immigrants in the United States, being a fire horse woman takes on a different meaning.\n</p><p>Houston was first inspired to write the book after doing a series of interviews with picture brides in Hawai'i many years earlier. She was also influenced by Richard Stewart, a Paiute Indian man who was a docent at Manzanar and by her parents stories of farming in Watsonville, which led to her setting part of the novel there. She also realized that many people still didn't know the story of Japanese American incarceration and wanted to tell the story in a different way to a different audience, particularly women. \"I wanted to write a book women would read and enjoy and identify but by the end would have learned something,\" she told Suzanne Mantell. \"I still believe in stories.\" She wrote the book intermittently over a ten year period.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">[1]</a></sup>\n</p><p>Critics generally reviewed the book positively, praising its integration of the social history of wartime incarceration with its strong women-centered storyline.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">[2]</a></sup> Called \"a staggeringly multicultural work,\" others also cited its deft integration of the Native American storyline.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">[3]</a></sup> Other reviewers thought the day-to-day racism of the incarceration insufficiently detailed, found some elements of the storyline far fetched, and felt that male characters were \"unevenly limned\" in contrast to the female ones.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\">[4]</a></sup>\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\"><b>Authored by <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">Brian Niiya</a>, Densho</b></div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">Niiya, Brian</div>\n<h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">For More Information</span></h2>\n<p>Beck, Jessica Neuman. \"<a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">Smoke, She Is A-Rising.</a>\" <i>Metroactive</i>, Nov. 5, 2003.\n</p><p>Kam, Nadie. \"<a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">'Fire Horse' Captures the Strength of Asian Women.</a>\" <i>Honolulu Star Bulletin</i>, Nov. 7, 2003.\n</p><p>Mantell, Suzanne. \"The Legend of Fire Horse Woman (Book).\" <i>Publishers Weekly</i>, August 11, 2003, 138. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost.\n</p>\n<h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Reviews\">Reviews</span></h2>\n<p>Adams, Wanda. \"<a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">'Fire Horse Woman' Blazes Rough Trail.</a>\" <i>Honolulu Advertiser</i>, Nov. 9, 2003.\n</p><p>Bridge, Josephine. <i><a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">The Asian Reporter</a></i>, June 1, 2004.\n</p><p>Day, Anthony. \"<a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">Resilience of a Culture Uprooted and Replanted.</a>\" <i>Los Angeles Times</i>, Dec. 19, 2003.\n</p><p>Goto, Hiromi. \"Manzanar as Metaphor.\" <i>Women's Review Of Books</i> 21.10/11 (July 2004): 22. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost.\n</p><p>Huntley, Kristine. <i>Booklist</i>, Nov. 15, 2003, 575.\n</p><p><i><a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">Publishers Weekly</a></i>, September 8, 2003.\n</p><p>Tyau, Kathleen. <i><a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">WaterBridge Review</a></i>, Nov. 2004.\n</p>\n<div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">Footnotes</span></h2>\n<div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n<ol class=\"references\">\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Jessica Neuman Beck, \"Smoke, She Is A-Rising, <i>Metroactive</i>, Nov. 5, 2003,  <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\"></a>; Nadine Kam, \"'Fire Horse' Captures the Strength of Asian Women,\" <i>Honolulu Star Bulletin</i>, Nov. 7, 2003,  <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\"></a>; Suzanne Mantell, \"The Legend of Fire Horse Woman (Book),\" <i>Publishers Weekly</i>, August 11, 2003, 138, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, all accessed on January 30, 2014.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">See for instance, Anthony Day, \"Resilience of a Culture Uprooted and Replanted,\" <i>Los Angeles Times</i>, Dec. 19, 2003, <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\"></a>; Kathleen Tyau, <i>WaterBridge Review</i>, Nov. 2004, <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\"></a>; and Hiromi Goto, \"Manzanar as Metaphor,\" <i>Women's Review Of Books</i> 21.10/11 (July 2004), 22,  Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, all accessed on January 30, 2014.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Quote from Josephine Bridges, <i>The Asian Reporter</i>, June 1, 2004, <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\"></a>; <i>Publishers Weekly</i>, September 8, 2003, <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\"></a>, both accessed on January 30, 2014.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Goto, \"Manzanar as Metaphor\"; Wanda Adams,\"'Fire Horse Woman' Blazes Rough Trail,\" <i>Honolulu Advertiser</i>, Nov. 9, 2003, <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\"></a>; quote from Day, \"Resilience of a Culture,\" all accessed on January 30, 2014.</span>\n</li>\n</ol></div>\n<!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.128 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.134 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 388/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2581/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 3016/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 340/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:2300-0!*!0!!*!5!* and timestamp 20180116204517 and revision id 23433\n -->\n<div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div></body></html>",
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    "url_title": "The Legend of Fire Horse Woman (book)",
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    "modified": "2016-08-18T22:59:13",
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