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    "body": "<html><body><br/>\n<div class=\"floatright\"></div>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-CoreDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">RG Media Type</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">books</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">The Red Kimono</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Creators</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Jan Morrill</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Interest Level</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Grades 9-12; Adult</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Theme</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Coming of age; Evils of racism; Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice; Will to survive</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Genre</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Historical Fiction</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Point-of-View/Protagonist Characteristics</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Told from perspective of three characters: a young Nisei girl, and Nisei and African American young men</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Availability</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Widely available</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Free Web Version</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">No</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Ratings and Warnings</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Brief strong language</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Geography</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Berkeley, California</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Chronology</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">1941–45</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Facility</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Santa Anita [23] - Arcadia, California; Rohwer [9] - McGehee, Arkansas</td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:The Red Kimono;\nCreators:Jan Morrill;\nInterestLevel:Grades 9-12; Adult;\nReadingLevel:;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Coming of age; Evils of racism; Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice; Will to survive;\nGenre:Historical Fiction;\nPoV:Told from perspective of three characters: a young Nisei girl, and Nisei and African American young men;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Widely available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:Brief strong language;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:Berkeley, California;\nChronology:1941–45;\nFacility:Santa Anita [23] - Arcadia, California; Rohwer [9] - McGehee, Arkansas;\n</p>\n</div>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-BooksDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">The Red Kimono</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Author</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Jan Morrill</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publisher</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">University of Arkansas Press</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publication Date</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">2013</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Pages</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">307</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">WorldCat Link</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\"><a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.worldcat.org/title/red-kimono/oclc/819105027\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.worldcat.org/title/red-kimono/oclc/819105027</a></td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>Title:The Red Kimono;\nAuthor:Jan Morrill;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:University of Arkansas Press;\nPubDate:2013;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:307;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:<a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.worldcat.org/title/red-kimono/oclc/819105027\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.worldcat.org/title/red-kimono/oclc/819105027</a>;\n</p>\n</div>\n<p>Novel that tells parallel stories of a Japanese American family that is uprooted from their Berkeley, California, home and sent to American concentration camps during World War II, and a young African American man who goes to prison for the beating death of that family's patriarch.\n</p>\n<div class=\"toc\" id=\"toc\"><div id=\"toctitle\"><h2>Contents</h2></div>\n<ul>\n<li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-1\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#Synopsis\"><span class=\"tocnumber\">1</span> <span class=\"toctext\">Synopsis</span></a></li>\n<li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-2\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#Background_and_Historical_Accuracy\"><span class=\"tocnumber\">2</span> <span class=\"toctext\">Background and Historical Accuracy</span></a></li>\n<li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-3\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#For_More_Information\"><span class=\"tocnumber\">3</span> <span class=\"toctext\">For More Information</span></a></li>\n<li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-4\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#Reviews\"><span class=\"tocnumber\">4</span> <span class=\"toctext\">Reviews</span></a></li>\n<li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-5\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#Foototes\"><span class=\"tocnumber\">5</span> <span class=\"toctext\">Foototes</span></a></li>\n</ul>\n</div>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"Synopsis\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Synopsis\">Synopsis</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>As the story begins, the Kimuras—father Michio, mother Sumiko, Nobu, a senior at Berkeley High School, and Sachi, a 4th grader—live an idyllic life in Berkeley, where Michio works at a Japanese bank. Older brother Taro is in Hawai'i, where he works on a <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Plantations\" title=\"Plantations\">sugar plantation</a>. But the attack on Pearl Harbor brings increased prejudice and tensions, and two weeks later, three boys from the high school beat up Michio, sending him to hospital in a coma. One of them is Nobu's African American friend and basketball teammate, Terrence Harris, whose father had been killed at Pearl Harbor. Despite his injuries, Michio is arrested by the FBI and taken away; while in their custody, the family receives word of his death. We follow the Kimuras as they are uprooted and taken to the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Santa_Anita_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Santa Anita (detention facility)\">Santa Anita Assembly Center</a>, then to the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Rohwer\" title=\"Rohwer\">Rohwer</a>, Arkansas, concentration camp. Meanwhile, Terrence pleads guilty to manslaughter and receives a two-year sentence. \n</p><p>The 71 short chapters are told from the perspectives of Sachi (32 chapters), Nobu (21), and Terrence (18). Sachi—who grows into a young women while in camp—often finds herself at odds with her mother, particularly when she befriends a boy from an outcast family at Santa Anita, and Jubie, an African American girl at Rohwer. Nobu struggles to control his anger at his family's treatment, and, in protest, answers \"<a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/No-no_boys\" title=\"No-no boys\">no-no</a>\" to the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Loyalty_questionnaire\" title=\"Loyalty questionnaire\">loyalty questions</a>, and ends up at <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Tule_Lake\" title=\"Tule Lake\">Tule Lake</a>. Terrence struggles to come to terms with his crime; with the support of his family and his lawyer, he befriend his initially racist white cellmate and begins to study for college with the hope of contributing to a better society. \n</p>\n</div></div><div class=\"section\" id=\"Background_and_Historical_Accuracy\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Background_and_Historical_Accuracy\">Background and Historical Accuracy</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>Author Jan Morrill (1958– ) was born in California to a Japanese American mother and white American father, the eldest of five children. Her mother, Miyoko Sasaki, was around the same age as Sachi when she and her family were incarcerated at the Tule Lake and <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Topaz\" title=\"Topaz\">Topaz</a> camps. Her mother's father had also been killed by an African American teenager. Morrill began the book as a biography of her mother, but found it difficult to go that route since her mother and many of her siblings were still alive. Her mother did eventually read the manuscript and suggested some changes in it. Morrill is working on a sequel to <i>The Red Kimono</i> that follows Sachi, Nobu, Jubie, and Terrence from 1957 to 1963.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">[1]</a></sup>\n</p><p>Though the portrayals of life in the concentration camps conforms to inmate accounts, there are several instances of both chronology and camp assignment issues. Regarding chronology: Michio dies enroute to the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Santa_Fe_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Santa Fe (detention facility)\">Santa Fe internment camp</a> on around January 1, 1943 (page 57); however Santa Fe didn't open for another month. The Kimuras spot the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Civilian_exclusion_orders\" title=\"Civilian exclusion orders\">exclusion order poster</a> on April 1 and are picked on Van Ness Street on April 7 (66–67, 80); while these are the dates and the location for parts of San Francisco, Japanese Americans in Berkeley were rounded up a month later, on May 1. Nobu observes both people arriving at Santa Anita and being taken from Santa Anita to WRA camps on June 19 (113); all inmates at Santa Anita had arrived by the end of May and the first shipments from Santa Anita to WRA camps didn't take place until the end of August. Nobu gets transfer orders to go to Tule Lake in March and is sent there shortly thereafter (237); <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Segregation\" title=\"Segregation\">segregation</a> didn't begin until later that fall. Regarding camp assignments: As Berkeley residents, the Kimuras would have been sent to <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Tanforan_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Tanforan (detention facility)\">Tanforan</a>; however their bus is mysteriously diverted to Santa Anita at the last minute, a site nearly 400 miles away. Nobu's Tule Lake roommate Ichiro is from Sacramento, but is sent to Tanforan and Topaz (256); Sacramento Japanese Americans typically went to the <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Sacramento_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Sacramento (detention facility)\">Sacramento</a> or <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Pinedale_(detention_facility)\" title=\"Pinedale (detention facility)\">Pinedale</a> Assembly Centers and then to Tule Lake or <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Poston_(Colorado_River)\" title=\"Poston (Colorado River)\">Poston</a>.\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\"><b>Authored by <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">Brian Niiya</a>, Densho</b></div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">Niiya, Brian</div>\n<p>Might also like: <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/The_Little_Exile_(book)\" title=\"The Little Exile (book)\">The Little Exile</a></i> by Jeanette S. Arakawa; <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/When_the_Emperor_Was_Divine_(book)\" title=\"When the Emperor Was Divine (book)\">When the Emperor Was Divine</a></i> by Julie Otsuka; <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Garden_of_Stones_(book)\" title=\"Garden of Stones (book)\">Garden of Stones</a></i> by Sophie Littlefield\n</p>\n</div></div><div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">For More Information</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>Author website, <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.janmorrill.com/\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.janmorrill.com/</a>.\n</p><p><i>The Red Kimono</i> blog: <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://theredkimono.wordpress.com/\" rel=\"nofollow\">https://theredkimono.wordpress.com/</a>.\n</p><p>Publisher website, <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.uapress.com/titles/sp13/morrill.html\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.uapress.com/titles/sp13/morrill.html</a>.\n</p>\n</div></div><div class=\"section\" id=\"Reviews\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Reviews\">Reviews</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>Asakawa, Gil. <i><a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"http://www.nikkeiview.com/blog/2013/04/red-kimono-captures-the-tragedy-of-internment-and-the-larger-context-of-racial-injustice/\" rel=\"nofollow\">Nikkei View</a></i>, April 30, 2013. [\"The book is an intriguing study of racial enmity and the need for forgiveness. By the unexpected conclusion, readers will feel as if the characters are part of their own family.\"]\n</p><p><i><a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"http://publishersweekly.com/978-1-55728-994-0\" rel=\"nofollow\">Publishers Weekly</a>,</i> Feb. 11, 2013. [\"It reads like a story better suited for a visual medium, where prolific ideas are not as easily outweighed by poor language.\"]\n</p>\n</div></div><div class=\"section\" id=\"Foototes\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Foototes\">Foototes</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n<ol class=\"references\">\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\"><i>The Red Kimono</i> blog, <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://theredkimono.wordpress.com/\" rel=\"nofollow\">https://theredkimono.wordpress.com/</a> and \"Q&amp;A with Jan Morrill,\" Book Q&amp;A with Deborah Kalb, Feb. 11, 2015, <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://deborahkalbbooks.blogspot.com/2015/02/q-with-jan-morrill.html\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://deborahkalbbooks.blogspot.com/2015/02/q-with-jan-morrill.html</a>, both accessed on July 24, 2017.</span>\n</li>\n</ol></div>\n<!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.140 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.145 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 382/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2491/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 6992/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 1546/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:2492-0!*!0!!en!5!* and timestamp 20180309151540 and revision id 28243\n -->\n</div></div><div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div></body></html>",
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    "url_title": "The Red Kimono (book)",
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    "title": "The Red Kimono (book)",
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