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    "body": "<html><body><br/>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-CoreDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">RG Media Type</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">short stories</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">The Sensei</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Creators</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Wakako Yamauchi</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Interest Level</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Grades 9-12; Adult</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Theme</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Facing reality; Nationalism – complications; Reunion</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Genre</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Historical Fiction</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Point-of-View/Protagonist Characteristics</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Written from perspective of Nisei woman</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Availability</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Widely available</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Free Web Version</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">No</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Geography</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Los Angeles, California</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Chronology</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">1940s–1950s</td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>RGMediaType:short stories;\nTitle:The Sensei;\nCreators:Wakako Yamauchi;\nInterestLevel:Grades 9-12; Adult;\nReadingLevel:;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Facing reality; Nationalism – complications; Reunion;\nGenre:Historical Fiction;\nPoV:Written from perspective of Nisei woman;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Widely available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:Los Angeles, California;\nChronology:1940s–1950s;\nFacility:;\n</p>\n</div>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Articles\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>Author:Wakako Yamauchi;\nTitle:The Sensei;\nPubName:;\nPubDate:1977;\nPubDetails:;\nDOI:;\nWebsite:;\n</p>\n</div>\n<p>Short story by <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Wakako_Yamauchi\" title=\"Wakako Yamauchi\">Wakako Yamauchi</a> centering on a former Buddhist priest whose gambling addiction has turned him into a beggar in the early postwar years. Told in the first person by a <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Nisei\" title=\"Nisei\">Nisei</a> woman named Utako, the story begins with the outbreak of war and the then seventeen-year-old Utako's incarceration with her family in an Arizona concentration camp. The <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Loyalty_questionnaire\" title=\"Loyalty questionnaire\">loyalty questionnaire</a> divides the family, as her brother Toshio becomes a \"<a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/No-no_boys\" title=\"No-no boys\">no-no boy</a>\" and gets sent alone to <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Tule_Lake\" title=\"Tule Lake\">Tule Lake</a>. There, he becomes friends with Jim Morita, a fellow \"no-no.\" After the war, the family returns to Los Angeles, and Utako ends up marrying Jim; she works as a painter of shower curtains, while he attends college. A couple of years later, Jim and Utako visit Las Vegas. On their way out, they run into the title character, a former Buddhist priest who had been a powerful inmate leader in post-segregation Tule Lake, who has now obviously fallen on hard times. The story follows the couple's two subsequent—and increasingly unsettling—interactions with him over the next few years, which take place as they struggle to establish themselves in the postwar economy.\n</p><p>\"The Sensei\" was first published in <i>Yardbird Reader</i> 3, a multi-ethnic literary magazine, in 1974. According to its co-editor Shawn Wong, Yamauchi had first written the story in around 1963 before revising it for publication.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">[1]</a></sup> The Moritas in the story bear a strong external resemblance to the author and her husband at the time, and in a 1998 interview, Yamauchi indicates that the story was based on something that really happened to her and her husband.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">[2]</a></sup> In a 2010 article about using \"The Sensei\" as a teaching tool, Lane Ryo Hirabayashi writes of reading it as an allegory for the resettlement period, with the Sensei serving as an unwelcome and uncomfortable reminder of the incarceration for the seemingly more well adjusted Nisei couple, as well as for the reader.<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">[3]</a></sup>\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\"><b>Authored by <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">Brian Niiya</a>, Densho</b></div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">Niiya, Brian</div>\n<p>Might also like \"<a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/The_Legend_of_Miss_Sasagawara_(short_story)\" title=\"The Legend of Miss Sasagawara (short story)\">The Legend of MIss Sasagawara</a>\" by Hisaye Yamamoto; \"<a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Doka_B-100_(short_story)\" title=\"Doka B-100 (short story)\">Doka B-100</a>\" by Ernest Nagamatsu; \"<a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Starting_from_Loomis_(short_story)\" title=\"Starting from Loomis (short story)\">Starting from Loomis</a>\" by Hiroshi Kashiwagi\n</p>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">For More Information</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>Yamauchi, Wakako. \"The Sensei.\" <i>Yardbird Reader</i> 3 (Fall 1977): 245–54. Reprinted in Wakako Yamauchi, <i>Songs My Mother Taught Me: Stories, Plays, and Memoir</i>, edited and with an introduction by Garrett Hongo, afterword by Valerie Milner (New York: Feminist Press at the City University of New York, 1994): 101–08.\n</p><p>Hirabayashi, Lane Ryo. \"Wakako Yamauchi's 'The Sensei': Exploring the Ethos of Japanese American Resettlement.\" <i>Journal of American Ethnic History</i> 29.2 (Winter 2010): 55-61.\n</p>\n</div></div><div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">Footnotes</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n<ol class=\"references\">\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Lane Ryo Hirabayashi, \"Wakako Yamauchi's 'The Sensei': Exploring the Ethos of Japanese American Resettlement,\" <i>Journal of American Ethnic History</i> 29.2 (Winter 2010), 60n6.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">William P. Osborn, and Sylvia A. Watanabe, \"A MELUS Interview: Wakako Yamauchi,\" <i>MELUS</i> 23.2 (Summer 1998), 103.</span>\n</li>\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">Hirabayashi, \"Wakako Yamauchi's 'The Sensei.'\"</span>\n</li>\n</ol></div>\n<!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.120 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.124 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 313/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 1983/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 4455/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 737/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:3533-0!*!0!!*!5!* and timestamp 20180309151417 and revision id 28318\n -->\n</div></div><div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div></body></html>",
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    "url_title": "The Sensei (short story)",
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    "title": "The Sensei (short story)",
    "url": "http://encyclopedia.densho.org/api/0.1/articles/The%20Sensei%20(short%20story)/",
    "absolute_url": "http://encyclopedia.densho.org/The%20Sensei%20(short%20story)/",
    "title_sort": "sensei",
    "modified": "2018-02-28T17:27:19",
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