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    "body": "<html><body><br/>\n<div id=\"databox-BooksDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Upon Their Shoulders</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\"><a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Literary_genre\" rel=\"nofollow\">Genre</a></th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Drama</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Author</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Shelley Ayame Nishimura Ota</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publisher</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Exposition Press</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Original Publication Date</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">1951</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Media Type</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Hardcover</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Pages</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">262</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">WorldCat Link</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\"><a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.worldcat.org/title/upon-their-shoulders-a-novel/oclc/5194561\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.worldcat.org/title/upon-their-shoulders-a-novel/oclc/5194561</a></td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>Title:Upon Their Shoulders;\nAuthor:Shelley Ayame Nishimura Ota;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:Drama;\nPublisher:Exposition Press;\nPubDate:1951;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:Hardcover;\nPages:262;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:<a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.worldcat.org/title/upon-their-shoulders-a-novel/oclc/5194561\" rel=\"nofollow\">http://www.worldcat.org/title/upon-their-shoulders-a-novel/oclc/5194561</a>;\n</p>\n</div>\n<div class=\"floatright\"></div>\n<div class=\"rgonly\">\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-CoreDisplay\">\n<table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">RG Media Type</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">books</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Title</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Upon Their Shoulders</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Availability</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">Widely available</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Free Web Version</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">No</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">Has Teaching Aids?</th>\n<td style=\"text-align:left;\">No</td>\n</tr>\n</table>\n</div>\n<div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n<p>RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:Upon Their Shoulders;\nCreators:;\nInterestLevel:;\nReadingLevel:;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:;\nGenre:;\nPoV:;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Widely available;\nFreeWebVersion:No;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:;\nChronology:;\nFacility:;\n</p>\n</div>\n</div>\n<p>Novel centering on two Japanese American families in Hawai'i that may have been the first English language published novel by a Japanese American about the Japanese American experience. Beginning with immigration and <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Plantations\" title=\"Plantations\">sugar plantations</a>, the novel ends in the World War II era where members of both families are among the Japanese Americans from Hawai'i who are interned.\n</p><p>The 262-page novel begins with a foreword by longtime <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/McKinley_High_School\" title=\"McKinley High School\">McKinley High School</a> principal <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Miles_E._Cary\" title=\"Miles E. Cary\">Miles E. Cary</a> and is divided into five sections: The Awakening; Hawaii—Gokuraku; Nihonmachi—Japanese Town; Honolulu Years; and The Onward Years. The story focuses on the family of Taro and Haruko Sumida, who immigrate from Yamaguchi prefecture, and their <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Nisei\" title=\"Nisei\">Nisei</a> daughter Alice. The Sumida's story is juxtaposed with that of the Noda family, the elder Noda being a Shinto priest from the same village in Yamaguchi. Nisei Jerry Noda becomes a surgeon in Hawai'i and ultimately marries Alice. With the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, both the Sumida and Noda patriarchs are arrested and interned. But while Taro Sumida is vouched for by white friends and subsequently released, the avowedly pro-Japan Noda is sent to internment camps in the continental U.S. for the duration of the war.\n</p><p>A <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Nisei\" title=\"Nisei\">Nisei</a> who was born in Hilo, Hawaii, Ota (1911–87) was living in Milwaukee at the time she wrote the book. Her late husband was a physician who had died while serving in the military shortly after World War II, and she was raising four children while teaching and doing freelance writing. She told <i>Scene</i> magazine that \"It's high time that an American of Japanese descent should write a story woven out of the color and drama of Japanese life.\"<sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">[1]</a></sup>\n</p>\n<div id=\"authorByline\"><b>Authored by <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/wiki/Brian_Niiya\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">Brian Niiya</a>, Densho</b></div>\n<div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">Niiya, Brian</div>\n<p>Might also like: <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/Hawaii,_End_of_the_Rainbow_(book)\" title=\"Hawaii, End of the Rainbow (book)\">Hawaii, End of the Rainbow</a></i> by Kazuo Miyamoto; <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/The_Issei_Prisoners_of_the_San_Pedro_Internment_Center_(book)\" title=\"The Issei Prisoners of the San Pedro Internment Center (book)\">The Issei Prisoners of the San Pedro Internment Center</a></i> by Stanley Kanzaki; <i><a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/wiki/An_Internment_Odyssey:_Haisho_Tenten_(book)\" title=\"An Internment Odyssey: Haisho Tenten (book)\">An Internment Odyssey: Haisho Tenten</a></i> by Kumaji Furuya\n</p>\n<div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">For More Information</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<p>Ota, Shelley Ayame Nishimura. <i>Upon Their Shoulders</i>. Foreword by Miles E. Carey. New York: Exposition Press, 1951.\n</p><p>Sumida, Stephen H. <i>And the View from the Shore: Literary Traditions of Hawai'i</i>. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1991.\n</p>\n</div></div><div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\"><h2><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">Footnotes</span></h2><div class=\"section_content\">\n<div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n<ol class=\"references\">\n<li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\"><span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\"><a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">↑</a></span> <span class=\"reference-text\">\"A Brave Story of a Brave People,\" <i>Scene Magazine</i>, May 1951, p. 22.</span>\n</li>\n</ol></div>\n<!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCPU time usage: 0.108 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.113 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 338/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 2383/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 4418/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 608/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key mediawiki:pcache:idhash:2475-0!*!0!!*!5!* and timestamp 20180309151642 and revision id 27529\n -->\n</div></div><div class=\"toplink\"><a href=\"#top\"><i class=\"icon-chevron-up\"></i> Top</a></div></body></html>",
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    "url_title": "Upon Their Shoulders (book)",
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    "title": "Upon Their Shoulders (book)",
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    "modified": "2018-01-26T22:31:00",
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