McNeil Island Penitentiary (detention facility)
|US Gov Name||McNeil Island Penitentiary|
|Facility Type||U.S. Federal Prison|
|Administrative Agency||U.S. Bureau of Prisons|
|Location||McNeil Island, Washington (47.2000 lat, -122.6833 lng)|
|Population Description||Younger draft resisters from Heart Mountain and Minidoka incarceration camps were held here. Gordon Hirabayashi was also imprisoned here for draft resistance.|
|General Description||Work prison located on an island in the southern portion of Puget Sound, 10 miles southwest of Tacoma, Washington. Currently a medium-security state correctional facility holding about 1,000 male inmates.|
|National Park Service Info|
- On June 26, 1944, sixty-three resisters from Heart Mountain were convicted by a federal grand jury and sentenced to jail terms. Thirty-three of the younger resisters were sent to McNeil Island, while the others were sent to Leavenworth Federal Penitentiary . Thirty resisters from Minidoka were also convicted and sentenced to McNeil Island in October 1944. They were joined by a second group of Heart Mountain resisters in July 1945.
- McNeil Island was a work prison and inmates held a variety of jobs, including canning fish, clearing land, and farming.
- World War II draft resisters, including Nisei draft resisters, were pardoned by President Harry S. Truman on December 24, 1947.