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    "url_title": "Americans from Japan (book)",
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    "modified": "2020-06-01T16:00:14",
    "title": "Americans from Japan (book)",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div id=\"databox-BooksDisplay\">\n  <table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n   <tbody>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Title\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Americans from Japan\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Author\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Bradford Smith\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Original Publication Date\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      1948\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n   </tbody>\n  </table>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   Title:Americans from Japan;\nAuthor:Bradford Smith;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:;\nPubDate:1948;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <p>\n  <br/>\n  A 1948 book by Bradford Smith that presents an overview of the Japanese American experience for a general audience. Part of the \"People of America\" series of books edited by\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Louis_Adamic/\" title=\"Louis Adamic\">\n   Louis Adamic\n  </a>\n  ,\n  <i>\n   Americans from Japan\n  </i>\n  told the story of an ethnic group that drew on its ethnic traditions and values to overcome long odds and harsh discrimination to make a place for themselves in multicultural America, a template many subsequent chroniclers would emulate.\n </p>\n <p>\n  By the 1940s, Louis Adamic was perhaps the country's foremost chronicler of the ethnic American experience, having authored several books in the \"Nations of Nations\" series that focused the various ethnic groups in the United States. In 1943, he embarked on an ambitious series of books with J. B. Lippincott, a Philadelphia publisher, that aimed to produce a a volume on every ethnic group in the U.S. The first volume,\n  <i>\n   Americans from Holland\n  </i>\n  by Arnold Mulder appeared in 1947, followed by\n  <i>\n   Americans from Hungary\n  </i>\n  by Emil Lengyel in 1948.\n  <i>\n   Americans from Japan\n  </i>\n  was the third book of the series, published on August 25, 1948.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n    [1]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <p>\n  The author of\n  <i>\n   Americans from Japan\n  </i>\n  was Bradford Smith. A native of New England born in 1909, he intended to teach English there after graduating from Columbia with B.A. and M.A. degrees. But unable to find a job, he took a teaching position in 1931 at a Christian university in Japan despite knowing nothing about the country. He ended up spending five years at St. Paul's University in Tokyo and also lectured at Tokyo Imperial University. He returned to teach at Columbia and at Bennington College. When the war broke out, he took a job with the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Office_of_War_Information/\" title=\"Office of War Information\">\n   Office of War Information\n  </a>\n  , first in Washington, D.C., then as the chief of Center Pacific Operations \"setting up printing and radio operations in the Pacific aimed primarily at hastening the end of our war against Japan,\" as he put it years later, based in Hawai'i for part of that time. He received a two-year Guggenheim fellowship after the war, allowing him to conduct the research and writing of the book.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n    [2]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <p>\n  After an introduction titled \"On Tolerance\" by Adamic and a prologue that focuses on the exploits of the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/442nd_Regimental_Combat_Team/\" title=\"442nd Regimental Combat Team\">\n   442nd Regimental Combat Team\n  </a>\n  , the 409 page volume is divided into two parts, one on Hawai'i and one on the continental U.S. Each begins with the early immigrants and presents a general history of the Japanese American experience in each venue, with World War II providing a turning point in the story. Highlighting the \"loyalty\" of the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Nisei/\" title=\"Nisei\">\n   Nisei\n  </a>\n  and the heroism of the Nisei soldiers, Smith presents the Nisei as having overcome discriminatory treatment to be well on their way to becoming mainstream Americans, with the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Resettlement/\" title=\"Resettlement\">\n   resettlement\n  </a>\n  program of the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/War_Relocation_Authority/\" title=\"War Relocation Authority\">\n   War Relocation Authority\n  </a>\n  that sent formerly incarcerated Nisei to various parts of the country even being beneficial to that goal.\n </p>\n <p>\n  Reviews were positive highlighting its \"clear and vivid\" style and hailing it as \"a readable document with a sincere and humane perspective.\"\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">\n    [3]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  T. A. Bisson, writing in\n  <i>\n   The Saturday Review,\n  </i>\n  effusively praises the book illuminating \"the human side of the story\" through \"stirring human documents, alive with the everyday struggles, victories, and heartbreaks of the Japanese who came to live among us.\"\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-4\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-4\">\n    [4]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  In an essay on Adamic, historian\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Yuji_Ichioka/\" title=\"Yuji Ichioka\">\n   Yuji Ichioka\n  </a>\n  credits Smith with bucking the trend set by previous assimilationist chroniclers by crediting Japanese cultural values applied in the American context—rather than a pure embrace of mainstream values—as being the key to the successes of the Nisei.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-5\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-5\">\n    [5]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <p>\n  <i>\n   Americans from Japan\n  </i>\n  was reissued by Greenwood Press of Westport, Connecticut in 1974.\n </p>\n <div id=\"authorByline\">\n  <b>\n   Authored by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Brian_Niiya/\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n    Brian Niiya\n   </a>\n   , Densho\n  </b>\n </div>\n <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  Niiya, Brian\n </div>\n <div class=\"toc\" id=\"toc\">\n  <div class=\"toctitle\" dir=\"ltr\" lang=\"en\">\n   <h2>\n    Contents\n   </h2>\n  </div>\n  <ul>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#Find_in_the_Digital_Library_of_Japanese_American_Incarceration\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      1\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      Find in the Digital Library of Japanese American Incarceration\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-1\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#For_More_Information\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      2\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      For More Information\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-2\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#Reviews\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      3\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      Reviews\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-3\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#Footnotes\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      4\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      Footnotes\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n  </ul>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Find_in_the_Digital_Library_of_Japanese_American_Incarceration\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Find_in_the_Digital_Library_of_Japanese_American_Incarceration\">\n    Find in the Digital Library of Japanese American Incarceration\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    <b>\n     <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n      Americans from Japan\n     </a>\n    </b>\n   </p>\n   <p style=\"font-size:8pt;line-height:1.5;color: #aaa;\">\n    This item has been made freely available in the\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Digital Library of Japanese American Incarceration\n    </a>\n    , a collaborative project with\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Internet Archive\n    </a>\n    .\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n    For More Information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Ichioka, Yuji. \"'Unity Within Diversity': Louis Adamic and Japanese Americans.\" Chapter 6 of\n    <i>\n     Before Internment: Essays in Prewar Japanese American History\n    </i>\n    by Yuji Ichioka. Ed. Gordon H. Chang and Eiichiro Azuma. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2006. 127–52.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Smith, Bradford.\n    <i>\n     Americans from Japan\n    </i>\n    . Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co., 1948.\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Reviews\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Reviews\">\n    Reviews\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Bisson, T. A. \"2d-Class Citizens, A-1 Loyalty.'\n    <i>\n     The Saturday Review\n    </i>\n    . Sept. 4, 1948, 12–13.\n    <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n    </a>\n    .\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Bloom, Leonard.\n    <i>\n     Pacific Historical Review\n    </i>\n    18.1 (Feb. 1949): 136–37.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Cullum, Robert M.\n    <i>\n     Pacific Affairs\n    </i>\n    22.2 (Mar. 1949): 107–08.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    ---. \"More on the American Dilemma.\"\n    <i>\n     Common Ground\n    </i>\n    , Dec. 1949: 107–08.\n    <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n    </a>\n    .\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Fisher, Galen M.\n    <i>\n     Far Eastern Survey\n    </i>\n    18.6 (Mar. 1949): 71.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Wada, Yori, \"Bradford Smith Tells Stories of Americans from Japan.\"\n    <i>\n     Pacific Citizen\n    </i>\n    , Aug. 14, 1948, p. 5.\n    <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n    </a>\n    .\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n    Footnotes\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n    <div class=\"mw-references-wrap\">\n     <ol class=\"references\">\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        <i>\n         Pacific Citizen\n        </i>\n        , Aug. 7, 1948, p. 4, accessed on Jan. 11, 2018 at\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        . Only two more books in the series were ultimately published:\n        <i>\n         Americans from Sweden\n        </i>\n        by Adolph B. Benson and Naboth Hedin (1949) and\n        <i>\n         Americans from Norway\n        </i>\n        by Leola Nelson Bergmann (1950).\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Biographical sources include the finding aid for the Bradford Smith papers at UCLA accessible at\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        and Smith's books\n        <i>\n         The Seasoned Mind\n        </i>\n        (Brattleboro, Vt.: The Stephen Greene Press, 1965) and\n        <i>\n         Men of Peace\n        </i>\n        (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1964), the quote coming from the later (page 16).\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Galen M. Fisher,\n        <i>\n         Far Eastern Survey\n        </i>\n        18.6 (Mar. 1949), 71 and Leonard Bloom,\n        <i>\n         Pacific Historical Review\n        </i>\n        , 18.1 (Feb. 1949), 137.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-4\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-4\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        T. A. Bisson, \"2d-Class Citizens, A-1 Loyalty,\"\n        <i>\n         The Saturday Review,\n        </i>\n        Sept. 4, 1948, 12, accessed on January 9, 2013 at\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        .\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-5\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-5\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Yuji, Ichioka,\n        <i>\n         Before Internment: Essays in Prewar Japanese American History\n        </i>\n        , ed. Gordon H. Chang and Eiichiro Azuma (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2006), 146–47.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n     </ol>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20201114001615\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nCPU time usage: 0.063 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.069 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 252/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 1408/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 1864/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 180/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 2738/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   42.674      1 -total\n 22.42%    9.569      1 Template:Reflist\n 16.63%    7.095      1 Template:Databox-Books\n  6.01%    2.566      1 Template:AuthorByline\n  5.31%    2.265      1 Template:FindAtIA\n  5.09%    2.171      1 Template:Published\n-->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:1463-0!canonical and timestamp 20201114001615 and revision id 29605\n -->\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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