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    "url_title": "Cecil Coggins",
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    "modified": "2023-12-16T23:39:55",
    "title": "Cecil Coggins",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div id=\"databox-PeopleDisplay\">\n  <table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n   <tbody>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Name\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Cecil Coggins\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Born\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      April 10 1902\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Died\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      May 5 1987\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Birth Location\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      St. Louis, Missouri\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n   </tbody>\n  </table>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-People\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   FirstName:Cecil Hengy;\nLastName:Coggins;\nDisplayName:Cecil Coggins;\nBirthDate:1902-04-10;\nDeathDate:1987-05-05;\nBirthLocation:St. Louis, Missouri;\nGender:Male;\nEthnicity:White;\nGenerationIdentifier:;\nNationality:;\nExternalResourceLink:;\nPrimaryGeography:;\nReligion:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <p>\n  Navy doctor, ONI counterespionage agent who investigated the loyalty of Japanese Americans.\n </p>\n <p>\n  Cecil Hengy Coggins was born on April 10, 1902, in St. Louis, Missouri, the son of a minister (who later became a physician) from Missouri and a school teacher from California. After a short stint as a merchant seaman, Coggins attended the University of Missouri and graduated from Jefferson Medical College in 1930. While working as an obstetrician in California, he began monitoring Japanese fishing boats and eventually presented his data to the navy department. His techniques and findings became the basis of the official Manual of Investigations of the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Office_of_Naval_Intelligence/\" title=\"Office of Naval Intelligence\">\n   Office of Naval Intelligence\n  </a>\n  (ONI).\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n    [1]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <p>\n  In 1940, he was transferred to Hawai'i on the staff of Commander of the Pacific Fleet and placed in charge of counterespionage. In this role, he selected and trained some 100 counterespionage agents, most of them\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Nisei/\" title=\"Nisei\">\n   Nisei\n  </a>\n  to watch for suspicious activity within the Japanese community. A few months after Pearl Harbor, he met with members of the Honolulu Civic Association, previously the Hawaiian Japanese Civic Association, and together they drafted a statement of Japanese American loyalty. This statement was presented at a luncheon organized by Hawai'i businessman\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Walter_Dillingham/\" title=\"Walter Dillingham\">\n   Walter Dillingham\n  </a>\n  to high ranking military personnel including\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Delos_Emmons/\" title=\"Delos Emmons\">\n   Delos Emmons\n  </a>\n  and Admiral Chester W. Nimitz who were contemplating the fate of the Islands' Japanese Americans.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n    [2]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  Although the impact of this statement is unclear, Coggins' account of this event and the statement of loyalty by Hawai'i's Japanese was published by\n  <i>\n   Harper's Magazine\n  </i>\n  in 1943 during a period of anti-Japanese sentiment in America.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">\n    [3]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <p>\n  After a stint in Washington D.C. in 1942 where he served as the navy representative on the Strategic Service Planning Group of the Office of Strategic Services, chief of OP-16-W (\"special warfare\") in the Office of Naval Intelligence, and navy representative in the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Office_of_War_Information/\" title=\"Office of War Information\">\n   Office of War Information\n  </a>\n  , Coggins was reassigned as chief field surgeon for U.S. Naval Group China, also known as Sino-American Cooperative Organization (SACO) until the end of the war. From 1947 to 1949, he served in the Medical Corps aboard the hospital ship\n  <i>\n   USS Repose\n  </i>\n  and later was chief of atomic, biologic, and chemical warfare on the staff of NATO headquarters in Paris. In this capacity, he established schools of warfare defense in NATO nations, coordinated their research, and devised a way to report biological warfare attacks. In 1959, Coggins retired as a rear admiral and later spent several years as medical chief of civil defense for the state of California. After a long career, Coggins passed away on May 1, 1987, in Monterey, California.\n </p>\n <div id=\"authorByline\">\n  <b>\n   Authored by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Kelli_Y._Nakamura/\" title=\"Kelli Y. Nakamura\">\n    Kelli Y. Nakamura\n   </a>\n   , University of Hawai'i\n  </b>\n </div>\n <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  Nakamura, Kelli\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n    For More Information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Coggins, Cecil Hengy. \"The Japanese-Americans in Hawaii.\"\n    <i>\n     Harper's Magazine\n    </i>\n    (June 1943): 75-83.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Coffman, Tom.\n    <i>\n     The Island Edge of America: A Political History of Hawai'i\n    </i>\n    . Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2003.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Laforet, Eugene G. \"Cecil Coggins and the War in the Shadows.\" JAMA, April 25, 1980, 1653–55.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     \"1935–1945: Counterintelligence and Criminal Investigations.\"\n    </a>\n    Naval Criminal Investigative Service website.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     \"Papers of Rear Admiral Cecil H. Coggins, 1927–1943.\"\n    </a>\n    Naval Historical Center website,\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n    Footnotes\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n    <div class=\"mw-references-wrap\">\n     <ol class=\"references\">\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        \"1935–1945: Counterintelligence and Criminal Investigations.\" Naval Criminal Investigative Service website,\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Tom Coffman,\n        <i>\n         The Island Edge of America: A Political History of Hawai'i\n        </i>\n        (Honolulu: University of Hawai' Press, 2003), 81-82.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Cecil Hengy Coggins, \"The Japanese-Americans in Hawaii,\"\n        <i>\n         Harper's Magazine\n        </i>\n        (June 1943): 75-83.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n     </ol>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20240418160813\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nComplications: []\nCPU time usage: 0.015 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.021 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 182/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 1835/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 293/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 6/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 1364/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   16.194      1 -total\n 44.34%    7.181      1 Template:Databox-People\n 16.36%    2.649      1 Template:Reflist\n  9.02%    1.460      1 Template:Published\n  8.50%    1.376      1 Template:AuthorByline\n-->\n   <!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:1594-0!canonical and timestamp 20240418160813 and revision id 35688\n -->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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