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    "url_title": "Charles Isamu Morimoto",
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    "modified": "2015-06-02T23:57:26",
    "title": "Charles Isamu Morimoto",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div id=\"databox-PeopleDisplay\">\n  <table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n   <tbody>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Name\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Charles Isamu Morimoto\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Born\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      June 22 1903\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Died\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      November 8 1953\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Birth Location\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Hiroshima, Japan\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Generational Identifier\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      <p>\n       <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Issei/\" title=\"Issei\">\n        Issei\n       </a>\n      </p>\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n   </tbody>\n  </table>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-People\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   FirstName:Charles Isamu;\nLastName:Morimoto;\nDisplayName:Charles Isamu Morimoto;\nBirthDate:1903;\nDeathDate:1953-11-08;\nBirthLocation:Hiroshima, Japan;\nGender:Male;\nEthnicity:JA;\nGenerationIdentifier:Issei;\nNationality:;\nExternalResourceLink:;\nPrimaryGeography:;\nReligion:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <p>\n  Watercolor and oil painter who exhibited frequently before the war and taught portrait and life painting classes while incarcerated at\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Manzanar/\" title=\"Manzanar\">\n   Manzanar\n  </a>\n  and\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Tule_Lake/\" title=\"Tule Lake\">\n   Tule Lake\n  </a>\n  during World War II.\n </p>\n <p>\n  Born in Hiroshima, Japan, Charles Isamu Morimoto (1903-53) immigrated to the United States in 1916 at age thirteen. After graduating from Pasadena High School, he won a scholarship to Otis Art Institute (1925-30), where he earned much praise for his work and received rave reviews while winning many local competitions. During this time he also studied at the Art Students League (1928) with numerous other\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Nisei/\" title=\"Nisei\">\n   Nisei\n  </a>\n  artists under Stanley Macdonald-Wright, whose influence is apparent in Morimoto's work. Of Morimoto's work in the 1929 Younger Painters exhibition,\n  <i>\n   Los Angeles Times\n  </i>\n  critic Arthur Miller wrote, \"Charles Morimoto goes the furthest toward abstraction with his three designs evolved from figures.\"\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n    [1]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  In 1929, he won the Huntington Assistance Prize at Otis. He married Shizuye Doi in about 1931 and the couple subsequently had two daughters.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n    [2]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  Unable to pursue a commercial art career, Morimoto became a window designer for the Owl Drug Store chain.\n </p>\n <p>\n  After the issuance of\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Executive_Order_9066/\" title=\"Executive Order 9066\">\n   Executive Order 9066\n  </a>\n  , the Morimotos were incarcerated at the Manzanar concentration camp. In February of 1943, while Morimoto was teaching art classes and painting scenes of Manzanar that documented the lives of the inmates during the early period of incarceration, the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/War_Relocation_Authority/\" title=\"War Relocation Authority\">\n   War Relocation Authority\n  </a>\n  issued a\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Loyalty_questionnaire/\" title=\"Loyalty questionnaire\">\n   loyalty questionnaire\n  </a>\n  that all inmates over seventeen were required to answer. Based on his responses to the questionnaire, Morimoto and others were deemed \"disloyal\" by the government and segregated at\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Tule_Lake/\" title=\"Tule Lake\">\n   Tule Lake\n  </a>\n  concentration camp, where he again taught art classes and painted landscapes of the area surrounding the camp. His daughters, Miyoko Mizuki and Keiko Kano, recalled that during this difficult time they and others were taught about Japan and how wonderful it would be to return when the war was over—an obvious ploy to rid this country of some \"undesirable\" aliens.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">\n    [3]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  Morimoto ultimately decided to return to Japan with his family to his hometown of Hiroshima, even though many parts of the city were destroyed by the atomic bomb. He worked as an interpreter for the occupation forces at Kure military base, near Hiroshima, and also taught art to U.S. military officers' wives and children. When a cultural center opened in Hiroshima, he was hired there as a commercial artist.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\">\n    [4]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  In the remaining years of his life, Morimoto taught art classes to the Australian Occupational Forces and produced a number of abstract works. He died on November 8, 1953.\n </p>\n <p>\n  Seven years after his death, his family returned to the United States and have attempted to locate Morimoto's prewar works that were allegedly stored in a Los Angeles church, but have been unsuccessful in finding them.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref5_5-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref5-5\">\n    [5]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <div id=\"authorByline\">\n  <b>\n   Authored by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Patricia_Wakida/\" title=\"Patricia Wakida\">\n    Patricia Wakida\n   </a>\n  </b>\n </div>\n <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  Wakida, Patricia\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n    For More Information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Chang, Gordon H., Mark Dean Johnson, and Paul J. Karlstrom, editors.\n    <i>\n     Asian American Art: A History, 1850-1970\n    </i>\n    . Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2008.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Manzanar National Historic Site Virtual Museum Exhibit. \"\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Pastimes: Artwork.\n    </a>\n    \"\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Yoshiki-Kovinick, Marian. \"\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     A Seed of Modernism: The Art Students League of Los Angeles, 1906-1953\n    </a>\n    \". Pasadena Museum of California Art, 2008.\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n    Footnotes\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n    <div class=\"mw-references-wrap\">\n     <ol class=\"references\">\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Arthur Miller, \"Our Young Painters,\"\n        <i>\n         Los Angeles Times,\n        </i>\n        December 15, 1929, 24 cited in Gordon H. Chang, Mark Dean Johnson, and Paul J. Karlstrom, editors,\n        <i>\n         Asian American Art: A History, 1850-1970\n        </i>\n        (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2008), 392.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        \"Records About Japanese Americans Relocated During World War II,\" Access to Archival Databases, the National Archives, accessed on May 18, 2015 at\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\";sc=24943%2C24947%2C24948%2C24949%2C24942%2C24938%2C24928%2C24940&amp;cat=WR26&amp;tf=F&amp;bc=%2Csl%2Cfd&amp;q=&amp;as_alq=&amp;as_anq=&amp;as_epq=&amp;as_woq=&amp;nfo_24943=V%2C10%2C1900&amp;op_24943=0&amp;txt_24943=morimoto&amp;nfo_24947=V%2C8%2C1900&amp;op_24947=0&amp;txt_24947=&amp;nfo_24948=V%2C1%2C1900&amp;op_24948=0&amp;txt_24948=&amp;nfo_24949=V%2C1%2C1900&amp;cl_24949=1&amp;nfo_24942=V%2C1%2C1900&amp;cl_24942=&amp;nfo_24938=V%2C5%2C1900&amp;cl_24938=&amp;nfo_24928=V%2C6%2C1900&amp;op_24928=0&amp;txt_24928=00438*&amp;nfo_24940=V%2C2%2C1900&amp;op_24940=0&amp;txt_24940=\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n;sc=24943%2C24947%2C24948%2C24949%2C24942%2C24938%2C24928%2C24940&amp;cat=WR26&amp;tf=F&amp;bc=%2Csl%2Cfd&amp;q=&amp;as_alq=&amp;as_anq=&amp;as_epq=&amp;as_woq=&amp;nfo_24943=V%2C10%2C1900&amp;op_24943=0&amp;txt_24943=morimoto&amp;nfo_24947=V%2C8%2C1900&amp;op_24947=0&amp;txt_24947=&amp;nfo_24948=V%2C1%2C1900&amp;op_24948=0&amp;txt_24948=&amp;nfo_24949=V%2C1%2C1900&amp;cl_24949=1&amp;nfo_24942=V%2C1%2C1900&amp;cl_24942=&amp;nfo_24938=V%2C5%2C1900&amp;cl_24938=&amp;nfo_24928=V%2C6%2C1900&amp;op_24928=0&amp;txt_24928=00438*&amp;nfo_24940=V%2C2%2C1900&amp;op_24940=0&amp;txt_24940=\n        </a>\n        ; \"California Death Index, 1940-1997,\" Shizue Morimoto, 20 Feb 1989, Department of Public Health Services, Sacramento,, accessed on May 19, 2015 at\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        .\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Marian Yoshiki-Kovinick, \"A Seed of Modernism: The Art Students League of Los Angeles, 1906-1953,\" Pasadena Museum of California Art, 2008, accessed August 4, 2014 at\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Gordon H. Chang, Mark  Dean Johnson, and Paul J. Karlstrom, editors,\n        <i>\n         Asian American Art: A History, 1850-1970\n        </i>\n        (Stanford University Press, 2008), 392.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref5-5\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref5_5-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Yoshiki-Kovinick, \"A Seed of Modernism.\"\n       </span>\n      </li>\n     </ol>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20230622234610\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nComplications: []\nCPU time usage: 0.016 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.022 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 210/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 2076/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 244/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 6/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 3839/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   16.632      1 -total\n 41.33%    6.874      1 Template:Databox-People\n 18.21%    3.028      1 Template:Reflist\n  8.20%    1.364      1 Template:AuthorByline\n  8.12%    1.350      1 Template:Published\n-->\n   <!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:1602-0!canonical and timestamp 20230622234610 and revision id 19352\n -->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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