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    "url_title": "Eugene Japanese American Art Memorial",
    "title_sort": "eugenejapaneseamericanartmemorial",
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    "modified": "2024-01-04T01:49:40",
    "title": "Eugene Japanese American Art Memorial",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <p>\n  Memorial garden located in downtown Eugene, Oregon, near the site where Japanese Americans from the area were assembled prior to their World War II expulsion and incarceration. The Eugene Japanese American Art Memorial was dedicated on February 19, 2007, the 65th anniversary of\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Executive_Order_9066/\" title=\"Executive Order 9066\">\n   Executive Order 9066\n  </a>\n  .\n </p>\n <p>\n  The memorial has its roots in annual\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Days_of_Remembrance/\" title=\"Days of Remembrance\">\n   Days of Remembrance\n  </a>\n  in the Eugene area that have taken place since 2000. Wanting a more permanent commemoration, the Eugene Japanese American Art Memorial Committee (EJAAMC) formed in 2003 and began planning and fundraising for a permanent memorial. The City of Eugene approved the use of a site at Willamette &amp; 6th Avenue east of the Hult Center for the Performing Arts, a city-run complex that includes a concert hall, theater, and art gallery. A key milestone for the project was securing a $50,000 gift from the Spirit Mountain Community Fund, a foundation run by the Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde, funded by proceeds generated by the Spirit Mountain Casino, located in northwest Oregon. The matching grant spurred fundraising efforts, and the $100,000 required for the memorial was secured by 2006.\n </p>\n <p>\n  The 1,800 square foot memorial takes the form of a garden that includes a central sculpture, along with three stone pillars featuring art and text on the themes of \"Justice,\" \"Perseverance,\" and \"Honor.\" Kenge Kobayashi, who was incarcerated at\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Tule_Lake/\" title=\"Tule Lake\">\n   Tule Lake\n  </a>\n  as a teenager, designed the memorial and did the paintings on the pillars. The \"Justice\" stone features a painting of\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Fred_Korematsu/\" title=\"Fred Korematsu\">\n   Fred Korematsu\n  </a>\n  ,\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Gordon_Hirabayashi/\" title=\"Gordon Hirabayashi\">\n   Gordon Hirabayashi\n  </a>\n  , and\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Minoru_Yasui/\" title=\"Minoru Yasui\">\n   Min Yasui\n  </a>\n  against a backdrop on the American flag and barbed wire, with text briefly profiling the men, with a focus on Yasui's story, given Yasui's Oregon roots. The \"Perseverance\" stone depicts a Japanese American family behind barbed wire with a guard tower in the background, with text that provides an overview of the exclusion, incarceration, and eventual reparations. The \"Honor\" stone shows a\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Nisei/\" title=\"Nisei\">\n   Nisei\n  </a>\n  soldier against a backdrop of barbed wire and focuses on the story of Japanese Americans were served in the armed forces during World War II. The EJAAMC held a design contest for the sculpture, which was won by David Clemons. Clemon's bronze sculpture titled \"Forced Journey\" features a Japanese American girl sitting on a pile of suitcases and footlockers reaching out for a butterfly.\n </p>\n <div id=\"authorByline\">\n  <b>\n   Authored by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Brian_Niiya/\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n    Brian Niiya\n   </a>\n   , Densho\n  </b>\n </div>\n <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  Niiya, Brian\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n    For More Information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Calhoon, Martha. \"Forced Journeys.\"\n    <i>\n     Eugene Weekly\n    </i>\n    , November 16, 2006.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Eugene Japanese American Art Memorial website.\n    </a>\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Wright, Jeff.\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\";dat=20051115&amp;id=ymtXAAAAIBAJ&amp;sjid=jvADAAAAIBAJ&amp;pg=6824,3599693\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     \"Japanese-American Project Gets Boost.\"\n    </a>\n    <i>\n     Eugene Register Guard\n    </i>\n    , November 15, 2005, A1, A10.\n   </p>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20240104014940\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nComplications: []\nCPU time usage: 0.005 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.007 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 30/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 367/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 58/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 0/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%    2.801      1 -total\n 49.20%    1.378      1 Template:Published\n 48.91%    1.370      1 Template:AuthorByline\n-->\n   <!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:2634-0!canonical and timestamp 20240104014940 and revision id 35851\n -->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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