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{
    "url_title": "Fort Howard (detention facility)",
    "title_sort": "forthowarddetentionfacility",
    "links": {
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    "modified": "2021-07-06T21:31:43",
    "title": "Fort Howard (detention facility)",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div class=\"alert alert-info\">\n  <p>\n   <strong>\n    We need your help!\n   </strong>\n   There is little available research or existing scholarship about the subject of this article. If you have information or sources that you can share, please help make the Encyclopedia better by contacting us at [email protected]\n  </p>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-CampsDisplay\">\n  <table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n   <tbody>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      US Gov Name\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Fort Howard Internment Camp\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Sites_of_incarceration/\" title=\"Sites of incarceration\">\n       Facility Type\n      </a>\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Sites_of_incarceration#U.S._Army_Internment_Camp/\" title=\"Sites of incarceration\">\n       U.S. Army Internment Camp\n      </a>\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Administrative Agency\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      U.S. Army\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Location\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Fort Howard, Maryland (39.2000 lat, -76.4333 lng)\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Date Opened\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Date Closed\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Population Description\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Held Japanese immigrants from the U.S., German nationals, and German prisoners of war (POWs).\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      General Description\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Located on old army barracks within Fort Howard Army Post, Baltimore County, Maryland.\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Peak Population\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      30 (1942-07-14)\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <td colspan=\"2\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"http://www.nps.gov/parkhistory/online_books/anthropology74/ce17.htm\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n       National Park Service Info\n      </a>\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n   </tbody>\n  </table>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-Camps\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   SoSUID:u-howa;\nDenshoName:Fort Howard;\nUSGName:Fort Howard Internment Camp;\nType:\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Sites_of_incarceration#U.S._Army_Internment_Camp/\" title=\"Sites of incarceration\">\n    U.S. Army Internment Camp\n   </a>\n   ;\nAdminAgency:U.S. Army;\nDateOpened:;\nDateClosed:;\nLocationName:Fort Howard, Maryland;\nCityName:Fort Howard;\nStateName:MD;\nDescription:Located on old army barracks within Fort Howard Army Post, Baltimore County, Maryland.;\nGISLat:39.2000;\nGISLng:-76.4333;\nGISTGNId:7016252;\nCurrentDisposition:;\nPopulationDescription:Held Japanese immigrants from the U.S., German nationals, and German prisoners of war (POWs).;\nExitDestination:;\nPeakPopulation:30;\nPeakDate:1942-07-14;\nNPSMoreInfoResourceLink:\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.nps.gov/parkhistory/online_books/anthropology74/ce17.htm\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    http://www.nps.gov/parkhistory/online_books/anthropology74/ce17.htm\n   </a>\n   ;\nOfficialResourceLink:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <p>\n  An INS-run temporary detention station in Baltimore, Maryland, that held enemy aliens who had been residing in the region. Abner Schreiber, a Border Patrol inspector who was second in command at Fort Howard, recalled about five hundred being held there, a combination of internees—German, Italian, and Japanese with most being of German descent—and German seamen. A document cited by Tetsuden Kashima lists a population of 22 Japanese and 8 German internees as of July 14, 1942.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-1\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-1\">\n    [1]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <p>\n  One of the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Issei/\" title=\"Issei\">\n   Issei\n  </a>\n  held at Fort Howard was Tsuruju \"Mike\" Miyazaki, who operated two cafes in Virginia and lived with his African American wife and two children in Suffolk, Virginia. Arrested on the night of the Pearl Harbor attack, he was transferred to Fort Howard about a month later, where he and other internees lived in army-type barracks. Though paroled in March, he was not allowed to return to Suffolk due to its proximity to military installations, and he eventually was sent to the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Rohwer/\" title=\"Rohwer\">\n   Rohwer\n  </a>\n  , Arkansas, WRA concentration camp.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-2\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-2\">\n    [2]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <div id=\"authorByline\">\n  <b>\n   Authored by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Brian_Niiya/\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n    Brian Niiya\n   </a>\n   , Densho\n  </b>\n </div>\n <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  Niiya, Brian\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n    Footnotes\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n    <div class=\"mw-references-wrap\">\n     <ol class=\"references\">\n      <li id=\"cite_note-1\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-1\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Interview with Abner Schreiber by Paul F. Clark, Mar. 19, 1979, California State University, Fullerton Oral History Program, Japanese American Project in\n        <i>\n         Japanese American World War II Evacuation Oral History Project, Part II: Administrators\n        </i>\n        , edited by Arthur A. Hansen, accessed on June 7, 2021 at\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://content.cdlib.org/view?docId=ft7199p03k;NAAN=13030&amp;doc.view=frames&amp;chunk.id=Abner%20Schreiber&amp;toc;\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n         http://content.cdlib.org/view?docId=ft7199p03k;NAAN=13030&amp;doc.view=frames&amp;chunk.id=Abner%20Schreiber&amp;toc;\n        </a>\n        Tetsuden Kashima,\n        <i>\n         Judgment Without Trial: Japanese American Imprisonment during World War II\n        </i>\n        (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2002), 110.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-2\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-2\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Denise Watson, \"A Mystery and a Mission: A Woman's Quest to Discover What Happened to Her Japanese Grandfather After World War II,\"\n        <i>\n         The Virginian-Pilot\n        </i>\n        , Aug. 18, 2019, accessed on June 7, 2021 at\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"https://www.pilotonline.com/history/article_fc1382d2-a41f-11e9-9157-b350bcd2ad9f.html\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n         https://www.pilotonline.com/history/article_fc1382d2-a41f-11e9-9157-b350bcd2ad9f.html\n        </a>\n        .\n       </span>\n      </li>\n     </ol>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20210706213143\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nCPU time usage: 0.043 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.047 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 204/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 1234/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 3547/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 997/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 1669/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   27.959      1 -total\n 26.53%    7.418      1 Template:Reflist\n 21.69%    6.063      1 Template:Databox-Camps\n  8.78%    2.455      1 Template:AuthorByline\n  7.89%    2.207      1 Template:Published\n  7.67%    2.145      1 Template:needmoreinfo\n-->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:1215-0!canonical and timestamp 20210706213143 and revision id 33884\n -->\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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