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    "url_title": "Friends Hostel, Cincinnati",
    "title_sort": "friendshostelcincinnati",
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    "modified": "2024-01-13T04:44:52",
    "title": "Friends Hostel, Cincinnati",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <p>\n  <br/>\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Hostels/\" title=\"Hostels\">\n   Hostel\n  </a>\n  in Cincinnati, Ohio, for Japanese Americans leaving the concentration camps. Run by the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/American_Friends_Service_Committee/\" title=\"American Friends Service Committee\">\n   American Friends Service Committee\n  </a>\n  (AFSC), the hostel opened in April 1943 and housed 777 resettlers before closing on January 1, 1946.\n </p>\n <p>\n  One of five hostels outside the West Coast restricted area operated by the AFSC, the Cincinnati hostel officially opened on April 16, 1943, in a three-story building that had been a dormitory for the Graduate School of Applied Religion. Located at 2820 Winslow Street, the wood and stucco building had an official capacity of twenty-four, but occasionally housed up to thirty and fed forty on special occasions. As was the case with other hostels, residents paid by the day for room and board, with meals served communally. Residents were also expected to help with household tasks.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n    [1]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <p>\n  The Cincinnati hostel was initially managed by Gracia Booth, whose husband Raymond was the head of the local\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/War_Relocation_Authority/\" title=\"War Relocation Authority\">\n   War Relocation Authority\n  </a>\n  (WRA) office and who helped with job placement for the residents. Later in 1943, Arthur H. and Kate Brinton replaced her. A conscientious objector, Arthur took on the hostel assignment as \"alternative service,\" while Kate had been a math teacher in Pennsylvania prior to the war. Anne Schneider was the final director, taking over in September 1944. Among those who stayed there was poet\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Mitsuye_Yamada/\" title=\"Mitsuye Yamada\">\n   Mitsuye Yamada\n  </a>\n  .\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n    [2]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <div id=\"authorByline\">\n  <b>\n   Authored by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Brian_Niiya/\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n    Brian Niiya\n   </a>\n   , Densho\n  </b>\n </div>\n <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  Niiya, Brian\n </div>\n <div id=\"RelatedArticlesDisplay\">\n  <div class=\"section\" id=\"Related_Articles\">\n   <h2>\n    <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Related_Articles\">\n     Related Articles\n    </span>\n   </h2>\n   <div class=\"section_content\">\n    <p class=\"mw-empty-elt\">\n    </p>\n    <div id=\"RelatedArticlesSectionDisplay\">\n     <div class=\"section\" id=\"General\">\n      <h3>\n       <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"General\">\n        General\n       </span>\n      </h3>\n      <div class=\"section_content\">\n       <p class=\"mw-empty-elt\">\n       </p>\n       <ul>\n        <li>\n         <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Hostels/\" title=\"Hostels\">\n          Hostels\n         </a>\n        </li>\n        <li>\n         <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Resettlement/\" title=\"Resettlement\">\n          Resettlement\n         </a>\n        </li>\n       </ul>\n      </div>\n     </div>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n    For More Information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Austin, Allan W. \"'A Finer Set of Hopes and Dreams': The Japanese American Citizens League and Ethnic Community in Cincinnati, Ohio, 1942–1950.\" In\n    <i>\n     Remapping Asian American History\n    </i>\n    , ed. Sucheng Chan. Walnut Creek, Calif.: Altamira Press, 2003. 87–105.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    ———.\n    <i>\n     Quaker Brotherhood: Interracial Activism and the American Friends Service Committee, 1917–1950\n    </i>\n    . Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2012.\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n    Footnotes\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n    <div class=\"mw-references-wrap\">\n     <ol class=\"references\">\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        The other AFSC-run hostels outside the restricted area were in Chicago, Columbus,\n        <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Friends_Hostel,_Des_Moines/\" title=\"Friends Hostel, Des Moines\">\n         Des Moines\n        </a>\n        , and Spokane. Caption to photograph of hostel by Henry Iwai, Jan. 28, 1944, Bancroft Library, UC Berkeley, accessed on Jan. 29, 2015 at\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        ; Allan W. Austin,\n        <i>\n         Quaker Brotherhood: Interracial Activism and the American Friends Service Committee, 1917–1950\n        </i>\n        (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2012), 133; \"In Memoriam: Kate Keith Brinton, 1917–2007,\"\n        <i>\n         The Grains of Rice\n        </i>\n        (April 2008), 10, accessed on Jan. 29, 2015 at\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        .\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Austin,\n        <i>\n         Quaker Brotherhood\n        </i>\n        , 140; \"In Memoriam: Kate Keith Brinton\";\n        <i>\n         Rocky Shimpo\n        </i>\n        , Sept. 29, 1944, 1; Mitsuye May Yamada interview by Alice Ito, segment 2, Oct. 9 and 10, 2002, Densho Digital Repository, accessed on Jan. 16, 2018 at\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        .\n       </span>\n      </li>\n     </ol>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20240418160707\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nComplications: []\nCPU time usage: 0.014 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.021 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 118/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 1538/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 65/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 6/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 1844/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   16.213      1 -total\n 17.36%    2.815      1 Template:RelatedArticles\n 16.73%    2.713      1 Template:Reflist\n  8.78%    1.424      1 Template:AuthorByline\n  8.68%    1.408      1 Template:RelatedArticlesSection\n  8.39%    1.360      1 Template:Published\n-->\n   <!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:3318-0!canonical and timestamp 20240418160707 and revision id 35907\n -->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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