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    "url_title": "Gyo Fujikawa",
    "title_sort": "fujikawagyo",
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    "modified": "2024-01-15T20:53:45",
    "title": "Gyo Fujikawa",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div id=\"databox-PeopleDisplay\">\n  <table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n   <tbody>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Name\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Gyo Fujikawa\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Born\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      November 4 1908\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Died\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      November 26 1998\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Birth Location\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Berkeley\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Generational Identifier\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      <p>\n       <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Nisei/\" title=\"Nisei\">\n        Nisei\n       </a>\n      </p>\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n   </tbody>\n  </table>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-People\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   FirstName:Gyo;\nLastName:Fujikawa;\nDisplayName:Gyo Fujikawa;\nBirthDate:1908-11-04;\nDeathDate:1998-11-26;\nBirthLocation:Berkeley;\nGender:Female;\nEthnicity:JA;\nGenerationIdentifier:Nisei;\nNationality:;\nExternalResourceLink:;\nPrimaryGeography:New York;\nReligion:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <p>\n  <br/>\n  Gyo Fujikawa (1908–98) was a prolific author, illustrator and designer of children's books. She was born on November 4, 1908, in Berkeley, California, to Hikozo and Yu Fujikawa, a farmer and an aspiring Japanese social worker. Her artistic talents and temperament were evident from a young age, and with the encouragement of a high school teacher, she received a scholarship in 1926 to study at the Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles. Once she arrived in Los Angeles, she was immediately drawn into a thriving artistic milieu, studying with modern dance pioneer\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Michio_Ito/\" title=\"Michio Ito\">\n   Michio Ito\n  </a>\n  and befriending other\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Nisei/\" title=\"Nisei\">\n   Nisei\n  </a>\n  writers and artists.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n    [1]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  Following graduation and a year spent in Japan, Fujikawa was hired to teach at Chouinard from 1933 to 1937. She began a highly successful career in advertising in 1933, when she was hired to work at the Walt Disney Studios as a designer, working on promotional materials that included a large book edition of the animated film,\n  <i>\n   Fantasia\n  </i>\n  . In 1941, she was transferred to Disney's New York studios, where she designed numerous \"25 cent\" Disney books for the mass market. After leaving Disney she worked briefly for the Fox Film Company and later as art director for William Douglas McAdams, a New York pharmaceutical agency. When World War II broke out, she avoided mass incarceration with West Coast Japanese Americans because she was in New York, although her family was forced to spend the war years at the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Rohwer/\" title=\"Rohwer\">\n   Rohwer\n  </a>\n  camp in Arkansas.\n </p>\n <p>\n  In 1957, she illustrated her first picture book, an edition of\n  <i>\n   A Child's Garden of Verses\n  </i>\n  by Robert Louis Stevenson, which was published by Grosset and Dunlap. She wrote forty-six of her own books and illustrated nine others, which were some of the earliest children's books to use multiracial characters— a consistent feature across her body of work. The first two books she both wrote and illustrated,\n  <i>\n   Babies\n  </i>\n  (1963) and\n  <i>\n   Baby Animals\n  </i>\n  (1963) have sold a combined 1.3 million copies and are still in print. Fujikawa's books have been translated into seventeen languages and are read in more than twenty-two countries.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n    [2]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <p>\n  During her long career, she also designed six postage stamps for the United States Postal Service, including the 1997 32¢ yellow rose self-adhesive stamp, the United States-Japan Treaty ratification centenary stamp of 1960, and a postage stamp that commemorated first lady \"Lady Bird\" Johnson's \"Plant a More Beautiful America\" program, prompting an invitation to the White House by the President of the United States.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">\n    [3]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <p>\n  In an autobiographical sketch written in her later years, she said, \"I am flattered when people ask me how I know so much about how children think and feel. Although I have never had children of my own, and cannot say I had a particularly marvelous childhood, perhaps I can say I am still like a child myself. Part of me, I guess, never grew up.\"\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\">\n    [4]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <p>\n  Fujikawa died on November 26, 1998, in New York at age 90.\n </p>\n <div id=\"authorByline\">\n  <b>\n   Authored by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Patricia_Wakida/\" title=\"Patricia Wakida\">\n    Patricia Wakida\n   </a>\n  </b>\n </div>\n <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  Wakida, Patricia\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n    For More Information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Chang, Gordon H., Johnson, Mark Dean, and Karlstrom, Paul J. editors.\n    <i>\n     Asian American Art: A History, 1850-1970\n    </i>\n    . Stanford University Press, 2008. 313-314.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Larson, Sarah.\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     How Gyo Fujikawa Drew Freedom in Children's Books.\n    </a>\n    <i>\n     New Yorker\n    </i>\n    , February 14, 2022.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    McDowell, Edwin.\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Gyo Fujikawa Obituary.\n    </a>\n    <i>\n     New York Times\n    </i>\n    , December 07, 1998.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    <br/>\n    Robinson, Greg. [\n    <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n    </a>\n   </p>\n   <pre>The GREAT UNKNOWN AND THE UNKNOWN GREAT: Prolific Nisei's work ranged from authoring children's books to designing stamps,] February 14, 2022.  \n</pre>\n   <p>\n    Woo, Elaine.\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\";match=1\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Children's Author Dared to Depict Multiracial World.\n    </a>\n    <i>\n     Los Angeles Times\n    </i>\n    , December 13, 1998, February 14, 2022.\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n    Footnotes\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n    <div class=\"mw-references-wrap\">\n     <ol class=\"references\">\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Gordon H. Chang, Mark  Dean Johnson, and Paul J. Karlstrom, editors,\n        <i>\n         Asian American Art: A History, 1850-1970\n        </i>\n        (Stanford University Press, 2008), 313.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Edwin McDowell, Gyo Fujikawa Obituary,\n        <i>\n         New York Times\n        </i>\n        , December 07, 1998, accessed on January 9, 2014 at\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Chang, et al.,\n        <i>\n         Asian American Art\n        </i>\n        , 313.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        McDowell,\n        <i>\n         New York Times\n        </i>\n        obituary.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n     </ol>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20240418160710\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nComplications: []\nCPU time usage: 0.016 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.021 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 197/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 2055/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 224/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 6/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 1684/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   16.336      1 -total\n 41.98%    6.858      1 Template:Databox-People\n 17.21%    2.812      1 Template:Reflist\n  8.51%    1.391      1 Template:AuthorByline\n  8.34%    1.363      1 Template:Published\n-->\n   <!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:1777-0!canonical and timestamp 20240418160710 and revision id 35919\n -->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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