GET /api/0.1/articles/Hawaii's%20Japanese:%20An%20Experiment%20in%20Democracy%20(book)/
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    "url_title": "Hawaii's Japanese: An Experiment in Democracy (book)",
    "title_sort": "hawaiisjapaneseanexperimentindemocracybook",
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        "json": "'s%20Japanese:%20An%20Experiment%20in%20Democracy%20(book)/",
        "html": "'s%20Japanese:%20An%20Experiment%20in%20Democracy%20(book)"
    "modified": "2024-01-31T01:54:33",
    "title": "Hawaii's Japanese: An Experiment in Democracy (book)",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div id=\"databox-BooksDisplay\">\n  <table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n   <tbody>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Title\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Hawaii's Japanese: An Experiment in Democracy\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Author\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Andrew W. Lind\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Original Publisher\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Princeton University Press\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Original Publication Date\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      1946\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Pages\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      264\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      WorldCat Link\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\";referer=brief_results\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n;referer=brief_results\n      </a>\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n   </tbody>\n  </table>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   Title:Hawaii's Japanese: An Experiment in Democracy;\nAuthor:Andrew W. Lind;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:Princeton University Press;\nPubDate:1946;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:264;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\";referer=brief_results\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n;referer=brief_results\n   </a>\n   ;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <p>\n  Book-length study of Japanese Americans in Hawai'i focusing on the World War II years and the immediate aftermath. The book was authored by Andrew Lind (1901–88), a sociologist at the University of Hawai'i, with the support of the university's War Research Laboratory.\n </p>\n <p>\n  One of several sociologists at the University of Hawai'i trained at the University of Chicago, Lind first came to the Islands in 1927 to do research on his dissertation and joined the University of Hawai'i's faculty in 1931. By 1941, he was the chairman of the sociology department and the head of the Romanzo Adams Social Research Lab. He would go on to spend his entire academic career in Hawai'i and author several other books, most focusing on the various peoples of Hawai'i.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n    [1]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <p>\n  <i>\n   Hawaii's Japanese: An Experiment in Democracy\n  </i>\n  is a study of Japanese Americans in Hawai'i since the outbreak of World War II given the somewhat unique situation of having such a large minority population—Japanese Americans made up around 38% of the population of Hawai'i on the eve of the war—made up of immigrants and their descendants from the country that had just attacked the U.S. As Lind wrote in his introduction, \"The author, as a professional sociologist, was disposed to view the situation of the Japanese in Hawaii since December 7, 1941, as a social experiment of unusual significance and to apply to its analysis whatever scientific methods were appropriate.\"\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n    [2]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  Based on \"field work... with a small group of volunteer assistants, chiefly students of various ancestries at the University,\"\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">\n    [3]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  Lind looks briefly at the history of Japanese Americans in Hawai'i, before exploring the varying opinions in Hawai'i of how Japanese Americans would react to the war, the official policy that emerged towards Japanese Americans—largely one of not singling them out for special treatment, in contrast to Japanese Americans on the West Coast of the continental U.S.—and the actions of various segments of the Japanese American community itself over the course of the war years and the early postwar period, including the exemplary military record complied by Nisei soldiers as well as Issei who refused to believe Japan had lost the war. He concludes that\n </p>\n <blockquote>\n  <p>\n   ... the net effect of the war upon the Japanese has been clearly to hasten and assist their participation in the broader life of the Hawaiian community. Out of the travail of war, born of the heroic sacrifice of thousands of Hawaii's best youth on the battlefields of the world and the fearful pain of greater thousands of their parents and kin throughout Hawaii, there has emerged a devotion of spirit to American values and ideals such as the Islands have never before witnessed. Properly nurtured it can become the dominant spirit among Hawaii's 160,000 Japanese.\n   <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\">\n     [4]\n    </a>\n   </sup>\n  </p>\n </blockquote>\n <p>\n  The book was widely and positively reviewed, with reviewers praising the scope of research and its presentation (\"an impressive body of evidence which is summarized in this little volume in semipopular form\"; \"Lind tells his story well, perhaps with more detail than is necessary to make his points, but always with an eye to a telling phrase and an ear for an apposite quotation from his many and varied personal documents\"; \"The book is a skillfully assembled and interpreted record, yet one which is vibrant with the personal feelings of hundred who lived through a peculiarly trying experience\")\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref5_5-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref5-5\">\n    [5]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  and citing its applicability to race relations in general (\"Without doubt this is a significant contribution to the study of minority groups in the United States\"; \"The is an excellent study. It is, as previously indicated, so fundamental that it is worth careful reading even by those who may not be interested in Hawaii or in the Japanese.\"; \"The net effect of the report should be to strengthen the cause of sympathetic understanding and mutual respect among differing racial groups\").\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref6_6-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref6-6\">\n    [6]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  As late as 1984, Roland Kotani called it \"the most balanced account of the Nikkei in Hawaii at the time of World War II.\"\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref7_7-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref7-7\">\n    [7]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  As part of the Japanese American community in Hawaii's 100th anniversary celebration in 1985, Lind was among 23 non-Japanese Americans honored as part of the \"Kansha: In Appreciation\" program.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref8_8-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref8-8\">\n    [8]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <div id=\"authorByline\">\n  <b>\n   Authored by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Brian_Niiya/\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n    Brian Niiya\n   </a>\n   , Densho\n  </b>\n </div>\n <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  Niiya, Brian\n </div>\n <div aria-labelledby=\"mw-toc-heading\" class=\"toc\" id=\"toc\" role=\"navigation\">\n  <input class=\"toctogglecheckbox\" id=\"toctogglecheckbox\" role=\"button\" style=\"display:none\" type=\"checkbox\"/>\n  <div class=\"toctitle\" dir=\"ltr\" lang=\"en\">\n   <h2 id=\"mw-toc-heading\">\n    Contents\n   </h2>\n   <span class=\"toctogglespan\">\n    <label class=\"toctogglelabel\" for=\"toctogglecheckbox\">\n    </label>\n   </span>\n  </div>\n  <ul>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#Find_in_the_Digital_Library_of_Japanese_American_Incarceration\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      1\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      Find in the Digital Library of Japanese American Incarceration\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-1\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#For_More_Information\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      2\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      For More Information\n     </span>\n    </a>\n    <ul>\n     <li class=\"toclevel-2 tocsection-2\">\n      <a class=\"\" href=\"#Reviews\">\n       <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n        2.1\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"toctext\">\n        Reviews\n       </span>\n      </a>\n     </li>\n    </ul>\n   </li>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-3\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#Footnotes\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      3\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      Footnotes\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n  </ul>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Find_in_the_Digital_Library_of_Japanese_American_Incarceration\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Find_in_the_Digital_Library_of_Japanese_American_Incarceration\">\n    Find in the Digital Library of Japanese American Incarceration\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    <b>\n     <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n      Hawaii's Japanese: An Experiment in Democracy\n     </a>\n    </b>\n   </p>\n   <p style=\"font-size:8pt;line-height:1.5;color: #aaa;\">\n    This item has been made freely available in the\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Digital Library of Japanese American Incarceration\n    </a>\n    , a collaborative project with\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Internet Archive\n    </a>\n    .\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n    For More Information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Lind, Andrew W.\n    <i>\n     Hawaii's Japanese: An Experiment in Democracy\n    </i>\n    . Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1946.\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Reviews\">\n  <h3>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Reviews\">\n    Reviews\n   </span>\n  </h3>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Beaglehole, Ernest.\n    <i>\n     Pacific Affairs\n    </i>\n    20.2 (June 1947): 245–47.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Clyde, Paul H.\n    <i>\n     The Mississippi Valley Historica Review\n    </i>\n    33.4 (March 1947): 675–76.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Embree, John F.\n    <i>\n     American Sociological Review\n    </i>\n    12.2 (April 1947): 245–46.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Harden, Sheila.\n    <i>\n     International Affairs\n    </i>\n    24.3 (July 1948): 472.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Jameson, Samual Haig.\n    <i>\n     The Far Eastern Quarterly\n    </i>\n    6.4 (August 1947): 433–34.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Laviolette, Forrest E.\n    <i>\n     Far Eastern Survey\n    </i>\n    , April 23, 1947, 95–96.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    ---.\n    <i>\n     American Journal of Sociology\n    </i>\n    53.2 (September 1947): 158.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Matsuoka, Jitsuichi.\n    <i>\n     Social Forces\n    </i>\n    25.4 (May 1947): 455–57.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Oliver, Robert T.\n    <i>\n     World Affairs\n    </i>\n    110.2 (Summer 1947): 143.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Schibsby, Marian.\n    <i>\n     Social Service Review\n    </i>\n    22.2 (March 1948): 121–22.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Smith, William C.\n    <i>\n     Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science\n    </i>\n    251 (May 1947): 203–04.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Stevens, Sylvester K.\n    <i>\n     The Catholic Historical Review\n    </i>\n    33.3 (October 1947): 330–31.\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n    Footnotes\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n    <div class=\"mw-references-wrap\">\n     <ol class=\"references\">\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Sun-Ki Chai, \"Sociology in Hawai'i: Past, Present, and Possible Futures,\" presentation prepared for the Hawai'i Sociological Association Annual Meeting, February 13, 2010,\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        ; Henry Yu,\n        <i>\n         Thinking Orientals: Migration, Contact, and Exoticism in Modern America\n        </i>\n        (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001);\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Andrew W. Lind,\n        <i>\n         Hawaii's Japanese: An Experiment in Democracy\n        </i>\n        (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1946), v.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Lind,\n        <i>\n         Hawaii's Japanese\n        </i>\n        , 7.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Lind,\n        <i>\n         Hawaii's Japanese\n        </i>\n        , 258.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref5-5\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref5_5-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Paul H. Clyde,\n        <i>\n         The Mississippi Valley Historica Review\n        </i>\n        33.4 (March 1947), 675; Ernest Beaglehole,\n        <i>\n         Pacific Affairs\n        </i>\n        20.2 (June 1947), 246; Robert T. Oliver,\n        <i>\n         World Affairs\n        </i>\n        110.2 (Summer 1947), 143.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref6-6\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref6_6-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Jitsuichi Matsuoka,\n        <i>\n         Social Forces\n        </i>\n        25.4 (May 1947), 456; Sylvester K. Stevens,\n        <i>\n         The Catholic Historical Review\n        </i>\n        33.3 (October 1947), 331; Oliver,\n        <i>\n         World Affairs\n        </i>\n        , 143.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref7-7\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref7_7-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        <i>\n         Hawai'i Herald\n        </i>\n        , January 1, 1984, 29.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref8-8\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref8_8-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        <i>\n         Hawai'i Herald\n        </i>\n        , December 6, 1985, 3.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n     </ol>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20240418160716\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nComplications: []\nCPU time usage: 0.019 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.026 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 269/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 2986/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 666/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 5/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 3349/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   19.199      1 -total\n 17.90%    3.437      1 Template:Reflist\n 11.28%    2.165      1 Template:Databox-Books\n  7.25%    1.392      1 Template:AuthorByline\n  7.19%    1.381      1 Template:Published\n  6.88%    1.321      1 Template:FindAtIA\n-->\n   <!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:1801-0!canonical and timestamp 20240418160716 and revision id 36036\n -->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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