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    "url_title": "Hawaii's War Years, 1941-1945 (book)",
    "title_sort": "hawaiiswaryears19411945book",
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        "json": "'s%20War%20Years,%201941-1945%20(book)/",
        "html": "'s%20War%20Years,%201941-1945%20(book)"
    "modified": "2017-05-15T02:00:49",
    "title": "Hawaii's War Years, 1941-1945 (book)",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div id=\"databox-BooksDisplay\">\n  <table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n   <tbody>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Title\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Hawaii's War Years, 1941–1945\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Author\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Gwenfread Allen\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Original Publisher\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      University of Hawaii Press\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Original Publication Date\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      1950\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Awards\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      1950 Book Award, Friends of the Library of Hawai'i\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      WorldCat Link\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n      </a>\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n   </tbody>\n  </table>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   Title:Hawaii's War Years, 1941–1945;\nAuthor:Gwenfread Allen;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:University of Hawaii Press;\nPubDate:1950;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:;\nAwards:1950 Book Award, Friends of the Library of Hawai'i;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n   </a>\n   ;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <div class=\"floatright\">\n </div>\n <p>\n  A history of wartime Hawai'i based on the materials in the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Hawaii_War_Records_Depository/\" title=\"Hawaii War Records Depository\">\n   Hawaii War Records Depository\n  </a>\n  . In April of 1943, the Hawai'i Territorial Legislature passed a joint resolution designating the University of Hawai'i as the official depository of material related to Hawai'i's war experience. As a result of this legislation, the Hawaii War Records Depository was established as a collection of archival materials at the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa that documents life in Hawai'i during World War II. In May of 1947, the territorial legislature empowered the University's Board of Regents to publish a history of Hawai'i's contribution to the war. Under this mandate Gwenfread Allen wrote\n  <i>\n   Hawaii's War Years, 1941-1945\n  </i>\n  .\n </p>\n <div aria-labelledby=\"mw-toc-heading\" class=\"toc\" id=\"toc\" role=\"navigation\">\n  <input class=\"toctogglecheckbox\" id=\"toctogglecheckbox\" role=\"button\" style=\"display:none\" type=\"checkbox\"/>\n  <div class=\"toctitle\" dir=\"ltr\" lang=\"en\">\n   <h2 id=\"mw-toc-heading\">\n    Contents\n   </h2>\n   <span class=\"toctogglespan\">\n    <label class=\"toctogglelabel\" for=\"toctogglecheckbox\">\n    </label>\n   </span>\n  </div>\n  <ul>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-1\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#Book_and_Author_Overview\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      1\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      Book and Author Overview\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-2\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#Reaction_and_Impact\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      2\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      Reaction and Impact\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-3\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#For_More_Information\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      3\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      For More Information\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-4\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#Footnotes\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      4\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      Footnotes\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n  </ul>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Book_and_Author_Overview\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Book_and_Author_Overview\">\n    Book and Author Overview\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Following her graduation from the University of Hawai'i in 1924, Allen spent more than twenty-five years in newspaper journalism before being asked to write\n    <i>\n     Hawaii's War Years\n    </i>\n    , which she completed in two years.\n    <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n     <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n      [1]\n     </a>\n    </sup>\n    Prior to writing\n    <i>\n     Hawaii's War Years\n    </i>\n    , which won the Book Award for 1950 from the Friends of the Library of Hawai'i, Allen had joined the territorial office of the war manpower commission as an information representative; in February 1946 she was named public relations director of the Honolulu Community Chest.\n    <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n     <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n      [2]\n     </a>\n    </sup>\n    Her considerable journalism experience made her an ideal candidate to begin writing on the extensive research material collected by the War Records Depository.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Divided into seven sections,\n    <i>\n     Hawaii's War Years\n    </i>\n    begins with the bombing of Pearl Harbor, reflects upon the preparation undertaken by military and civilian authorities prior to the attack, and subsequently discusses an account of Hawai'i during the war. The majority of the book beginning with the \"Bombs Fall\" section and detailed in \"Gateway to Battle\" through \"Exigencies of War\" focuses on the unique circumstances Islanders faced under martial law and the arrival of an unprecedented number of military and civilian personnel. Writing in a \"clear and understandable fashion\" in this \"competent factual summary\" Allen provides a detailed description of the effects of war on the social structure of Hawai'i that became the center of American operations in the Pacific as it played a critical military role in the preparation, mobilization, deployment, recovery, and eventual return of demobilized troops. Additionally, Allen also describes the transformative impact the war would have on particular populations in the Islands including Japanese Americans.\n    <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">\n     <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">\n      [3]\n     </a>\n    </sup>\n    Once suspected as saboteurs who contributed to the Pearl Harbor attack and later celebrated as soldiers in highly decorated segregated military units, Japanese Americans would be transformed by their war experience both in the Islands and abroad resulting in the final section entitled, \"Dawn of a New Era.\"\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Reaction_and_Impact\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Reaction_and_Impact\">\n    Reaction and Impact\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Published in 1950,\n    <i>\n     Hawaii's War Years\n    </i>\n    was positively received by many reviewers including Ernest Beaglehole who noted that \"it is difficult to overpraise this book.\"\n    <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\">\n     <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\">\n      [4]\n     </a>\n    </sup>\n    Reviewer F.C. Jones noted that this book would \"remain an authoritative and standard work on the Hawaiian Islands during the war,\" as it provides incredible detail in describing the myriad of unique changes affecting Hawai'i and its people during World War II.\n    <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref5_5-0\">\n     <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref5-5\">\n      [5]\n     </a>\n    </sup>\n    With unprecedented access to information and over 145 illustrations, this book is densely packed with information that Allen also organizes in a chronology for readers at the end. However, one major drawback for future researchers noted by reviewer Earl Pomeroy is the lack of footnotes despite the inclusion of a bibliography to help guide scholars in accessing information in the Hawaii War Records Depository that was the basis of this book. Perhaps this oversight may be due to the fact that the collection was processed only in 2009 although an original cataloging scheme had been established consisting of seventy-three major headings, further subdivided by subheadings where necessary. Nonetheless, over half a century later, this book still represents the authoritative overview of Hawai'i's war experience.\n   </p>\n   <div id=\"authorByline\">\n    <b>\n     Authored by\n     <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Kelli_Y._Nakamura/\" title=\"Kelli Y. Nakamura\">\n      Kelli Y. Nakamura\n     </a>\n     , University of Hawai'i\n    </b>\n   </div>\n   <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n    Nakamura, Kelli\n   </div>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n    For More Information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Allen, Gwenfread.\n    <i>\n     Hawaii War Years, 1941-1945\n    </i>\n    . Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1950. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1971.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Reviews:\n    <br/>\n    Beaglehole, Ernest.\n    <i>\n     Pacific Affairs\n    </i>\n    25.1 (March 1952): 110-111.\n    <br/>\n    Jones, F.C.\n    <i>\n     International Affairs\n    </i>\n    (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-) 28.1 (January 1952): 128-129.\n    <br/>\n    Nakatsuka, Lawrence.\n    <i>\n     Pacific Citizen\n    </i>\n    , Dec. 16, 1950, 2.\n    <br/>\n    Pomeroy, Earl.\n    <i>\n     Pacific Historical Review\n    </i>\n    21.4 (Nov. 1952): 401-402.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Damon, Annabel. \"Kamaaina Newswoman Writes Book on Hawaii's War Years; Scheduled to be Released Early in November.\"\n    <i>\n     Honolulu Advertiser\n    </i>\n    , October 4, 1950, 4.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Hawaii War Records Depository website,\n    <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n    </a>\n    .\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n    Footnotes\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n    <div class=\"mw-references-wrap\">\n     <ol class=\"references\">\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Annabel Damon, \"Kamaaina Newswoman Writes Book on Hawaii's War Years; Scheduled to be Released Early in November,\"\n        <i>\n         Honolulu Advertiser\n        </i>\n        , October 4, 1950, 4.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        University of Hawai'i at Mānoa Hamilton Library, \"Allen, Gwenfread,\" Microfiche D98050 Biographical.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Ernest Beaglehole, Review of\n        <i>\n         Hawaii's War Years, 1941-1945\n        </i>\n        , by Gwenfred Allen,\n        <i>\n         Pacific Affairs\n        </i>\n        25.1 March 1952): 110;  Earl Pomeroy, Review of Hawaii's War Years, 1941-1945, by Gwenfred Allen,\n        <i>\n         Pacific Historical Review\n        </i>\n        21.4 (Nov. 1952): 401.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Beaglehole, 110.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref5-5\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref5_5-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        F.C. Jones, Review of Hawaii's War Years, 1941-1945, by Gwenfred Allen,\n        <i>\n         International Affairs\n        </i>\n        (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-) 28.1 (January 1952): 129.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n     </ol>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20220112182704\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nComplications: []\nCPU time usage: 0.019 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.028 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 232/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 2767/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 888/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 5/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 2078/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   18.431      1 -total\n 16.92%    3.118      1 Template:Reflist\n 12.43%    2.291      1 Template:Databox-Books\n  8.37%    1.542      1 Template:Published\n  8.36%    1.540      1 Template:AuthorByline\n-->\n   <!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:1802-0!canonical and timestamp 20220112182704 and revision id 25024\n -->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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