GET /api/0.1/articles/Hideo%20Date/
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    "url_title": "Hideo Date",
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    "modified": "2023-12-19T17:36:34",
    "title": "Hideo Date",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div id=\"databox-PeopleDisplay\">\n  <table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n   <tbody>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Name\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Hideo Date\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Born\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      January 5 1907\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Died\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      January 6 2005\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Birth Location\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Osaka, Japan\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Generational Identifier\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      <p>\n       <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Issei/\" title=\"Issei\">\n        Issei\n       </a>\n      </p>\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n   </tbody>\n  </table>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-People\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   FirstName:Hideo;\nLastName:Date;\nDisplayName:Hideo Date;\nBirthDate:1907-01-05;\nDeathDate:2005-01-06;\nBirthLocation:Osaka, Japan;\nGender:Male;\nEthnicity:JA;\nGenerationIdentifier:Issei;\nNationality:;\nExternalResourceLink:;\nPrimaryGeography:New York;\nReligion:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <p>\n  Hideo Date (1907-2005) was a New York-based artist who taught art classes at\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Heart_Mountain/\" title=\"Heart Mountain\">\n   Heart Mountain\n  </a>\n  . Born in Osaka, Japan, on January 5, 1907, he was the third son of Imasuke and Yusa Date. Shortly after Date's birth, his father left to find work in California and opened a hardware store in Fresno, California. Date immigrated to California in 1923, joining his mother and brothers who were already working to support the family. He labored in the Central Valley orchards until his father's hardware store closed, which precipitated moving the family to Los Angeles.\n </p>\n <p>\n  After graduating from Polytechnic High School, Date enrolled at the Otis Art Institute on scholarship in 1928 where he became friends with fellow art students\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Benji_Okubo/\" title=\"Benji Okubo\">\n   Benji Okubo\n  </a>\n  and Tyrus Wong. After one year at Otis, Date left to pursue the study of traditional brush painting and nihonga at the Kawabata Gakko in Tokyo, Japan. Date returned to Los Angeles in 1930, where he joined the Art Students League and immersed himself in the burgeoning Los Angeles art scene. Influenced by artist and teacher Stanton MacDonald-Wright, Date was also a part of the Independents, a group of L.A.-based artists who rejected the tenets of modernism. By the mid 1930s, Date was an established artist, having participated in the annual exhibitions of Japanese Artists of Los Angeles, the Exhibition of Young Painters at the College Art Association, and the Foundation of Western Art. He was also commissioned to paint a mural in an Oriental-themed room in Pickfair, the home of Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-1\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-1\">\n    [1]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  In 1937, Macdonald-Wright took over the southern California Works Progress Administration's Federal Art Project and commissioned Date to paint a mural for a school in\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Terminal_Island,_California/\" title=\"Terminal Island, California\">\n   Terminal Island\n  </a>\n  , thus allowing him to be paid for his work. The home of many Japanese American fishing families, Terminal Island was the first community to see its Japanese American community forcibly removed in 1942; as a result, Date's unfinished mural disappeared forever.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-2\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-2\">\n    [2]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <p>\n  Throughout the World War II years, Date was incarcerated at\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Santa_Anita_(detention_facility)/\" title=\"Santa Anita (detention facility)\">\n   Santa Anita\n  </a>\n  , then transferred to the Heart Mountain concentration camp in Wyoming, where he formed the Art Students League school with Benji Okubo, teaching art privately to other Japanese American inmates. The school held several exhibitions and created a mural at camp. At one point the Art Students League Heart Mountain had as many as 250 members and its instructors included Date, Okubo,\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Robert_Kuwahara/\" title=\"Robert Kuwahara\">\n   Robert Kuwahara\n  </a>\n  , Shingo Nishiura, and\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Riyo_Sato/\" title=\"Riyo Sato\">\n   Riyo Sato\n  </a>\n  . Curiously, while Date was detained at Heart Mountain, he became obsessed with drawing and painting portraits of cats, and all but ignoring his surroundings as potential subject matter for his artwork. In 1945, Date was released to work on a mural in Buffalo, New York, and later moved to New York City. Unlike many\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Nisei/\" title=\"Nisei\">\n   Nisei\n  </a>\n  artists whose work was lost or destroyed in the years of incarceration, many of Date's earlier paintings survived in the care of friends in Los Angeles. In 1947, Date returned to California to retrieve his work and held a one-person show at the Art Center School before returning to New York, where he continued to involve himself with other artists associations and painted increasingly abstracted works in oils. He married Yuriko Tamaki, and with the passage of the McCarran-Walter\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Immigration_Act_of_1952/\" title=\"Immigration Act of 1952\">\n   Immigration Act of 1952\n  </a>\n  , was finally able to gain naturalized citizenship in 1955 which allowed him to fulfill a lifelong dream of traveling to Europe. Date died at home in Queens, New York in 2005, the day after his ninety-eighth birthday.\n </p>\n <p>\n  In 2001–02, the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Japanese_American_National_Museum/\" title=\"Japanese American National Museum\">\n   Japanese American National Museum\n  </a>\n  in Los Angeles held a major retrospective of his work curated by Karin Higa, and published an accompanying book. Both the exhibition and book were entitled\n  <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/Living_in_Color:_The_Art_of_Hideo_Date_(exhibition)/\" title=\"Living in Color: The Art of Hideo Date (exhibition)\">\n   <i>\n    Living in Color: The Art of Hideo Date.\n   </i>\n  </a>\n </p>\n <div id=\"authorByline\">\n  <b>\n   Authored by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Patricia_Wakida/\" title=\"Patricia Wakida\">\n    Patricia Wakida\n   </a>\n  </b>\n </div>\n <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  Wakida, Patricia\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"For_more_information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_more_information\">\n    For more information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Chang, Gordon H., Mark Dean Johnson, and Paul J. Karlstrom, editors.\n    <i>\n     Asian American Art: A History, 1850-1970\n    </i>\n    . Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2008.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Cheng, Scarlet. \"A Painter Ready to Claim his Place\".\n    <i>\n     Los Angeles Times\n    </i>\n    , October 28, 2001.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Higa, Karin.\n    <i>\n     Living in Color: The Art of Hideo Date\n    </i>\n    . Berkeley: Heyday Books: 2001.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Hideo Date Collection at the Japanese American National Museum.\n    <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n    </a>\n    .\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n    Footnotes\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n    <div class=\"mw-references-wrap\">\n     <ol class=\"references\">\n      <li id=\"cite_note-1\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-1\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Gordon H. Chang, Mark  Dean Johnson, and Paul J. Karlstrom, editors,\n        <i>\n         Asian American Art: A History, 1850-1970\n        </i>\n        (Stanford University Press, 2008), 310.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-2\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-2\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Alisha Patrick, Alisha, \"Synchromist; Graphic Artist,\" accessed on January 23, 2014.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n     </ol>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20231219173635\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nComplications: []\nCPU time usage: 0.013 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.017 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 183/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 2044/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 228/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 6/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 737/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   10.875      1 -total\n 22.30%    2.425      1 Template:Reflist\n 20.97%    2.280      1 Template:Databox-People\n 13.17%    1.432      1 Template:AuthorByline\n 12.79%    1.391      1 Template:Published\n-->\n   <!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:1822-0!canonical and timestamp 20231219173634 and revision id 35731\n -->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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