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    "url_title": "Hugh B. Mitchell",
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    "modified": "2024-04-16T03:44:32",
    "title": "Hugh B. Mitchell",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div id=\"databox-PeopleDisplay\">\n  <table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n   <tbody>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Name\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Hugh B. Mitchell\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Born\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      March 22 1907\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Died\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      June 10 1996\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Birth Location\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Great Falls, Montana\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <td colspan=\"2\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\";file_id=5667\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n       More information...\n      </a>\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n   </tbody>\n  </table>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-People\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   FirstName:Hugh B.;\nLastName:Mitchell;\nDisplayName:Hugh B. Mitchell;\nBirthDate:1907-03-22;\nDeathDate:1996-06-10;\nBirthLocation:Great Falls, Montana;\nGender:Male;\nEthnicity:White;\nGenerationIdentifier:;\nNationality:;\nExternalResourceLink:\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\";file_id=5667\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n;file_id=5667\n   </a>\n   ;\nPrimaryGeography:Washington state;\nReligion:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <p>\n  Congressman and U.S. senator from Washington and member of the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Commission_on_Wartime_Relocation_and_Internment_of_Civilians/\" title=\"Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians\">\n   Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians\n  </a>\n  (CWRIC).\n </p>\n <p>\n  Hugh B. Mitchell (1907–96) was born in Great Falls, Montana, the son of a politician and civil servant father and activist mother. He attended Dartmouth College, but did not graduate and worked as a journalist for\n  <i>\n   The Everett News\n  </i>\n  in Washington state. In 1933, he became a staffer for\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Monrad_C._Wallgren/\" title=\"Monrad C. Wallgren\">\n   Monrad Wallgren\n  </a>\n  , then a congressman and later a U.S. senator; Wallgren was among West Coast politicians who fed the anti-Japanese frenzy that led to the mass expulsion and incarceration of Japanese Americans.\n </p>\n <p>\n  In 1944, Wallgren won election as the governor of Washington and appointed his longtime aide Mitchell to his Senate seat. Mitchell was defeated in his bid for reelection in 1946, ironically by Harry P. Cain, who had been among the few West Coast politicians to publicly oppose the expulsion of Japanese Americans, but who had evolved into a anti-Communist supporter of Joseph McCarthy. Mitchell ran successfully for Congress in 1948 and was reelected in 1950. He ran unsuccessfully for governor in 1952 and for Congress in 1954 and 1958, his liberal politics enabling opponents to red-bait him, effectively ending his political career. Though remaining active in civic causes, he turned to business and made his living in the freight shipping business.\n </p>\n <p>\n  In 1980, he was named to the CWRIC by the senate along with another respected former senator,\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Edward_W._Brooke/\" title=\"Edward W. Brooke\">\n   Edward W. Brooke\n  </a>\n  . At the San Francisco hearings, he reflected that \"the testimony and the long smoldering feelings which have come to light, the words of all the people who have been in the front row here are going to have tremendous meaning to a nation as a whole,\" and was among the committee members who supported monetary reparations for surviving Japanese American former inmates.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n    [1]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <p>\n  He passed away at the age of 89 on June 10, 1996.\n </p>\n <div id=\"authorByline\">\n  <b>\n   Authored by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Brian_Niiya/\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n    Brian Niiya\n   </a>\n   , Densho\n  </b>\n </div>\n <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  Niiya, Brian\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n    For More Information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Frank Chesley, \"\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\";file_id=5667\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Mitchell, Hugh B. (1907–1996)\n    </a>\n    ,\"\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Guide to the Hugh B. Mitchell Papers, 1937–1967\n    </a>\n    , University of Washington Libraries Special Collections.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Murray, Alice Yang.\n    <i>\n     Historical Memories of the Japanese American Internment and the Struggle for Redress\n    </i>\n    . Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2008.\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n    Footnotes\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n    <div class=\"mw-references-wrap\">\n     <ol class=\"references\">\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Alice Yang Murray,\n        <i>\n         Historical Memories of the Japanese American Internment and the Struggle for Redress\n        </i>\n        (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2008), p. 349.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n     </ol>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20240418160812\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nComplications: []\nCPU time usage: 0.014 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.019 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 162/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 2197/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 486/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 6/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 489/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   15.029      1 -total\n 46.59%    7.002      1 Template:Databox-People\n 15.16%    2.278      1 Template:Reflist\n  9.68%    1.455      1 Template:Published\n  9.21%    1.384      1 Template:AuthorByline\n-->\n   <!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:2498-0!canonical and timestamp 20240418160812 and revision id 36173\n -->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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