GET /api/0.1/articles/If%20Tomorrow%20Comes%20(film)/
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    "url_title": "If Tomorrow Comes (film)",
    "title_sort": "iftomorrowcomesfilm",
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    "modified": "2017-07-11T17:27:53",
    "title": "If Tomorrow Comes (film)",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div id=\"databox-FilmsDisplay\">\n  <table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n   <tbody>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Title\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      If Tomorrow Comes\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Date\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      1971\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Director\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      George McCowan\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Producer\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Richard Newton\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Screenplay\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Lew Hunter\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Starring\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Patty Duke (Eileen Phillips); Frank Liu (David Tayaneka); Anne Baxter (Miss Cramer); James Whitmore (Frank Phillips); Pat Hingle (Sheriff); Mako (Tadashi); John McLiam (Father Miller); Beulah Quo (Midori); Michael McGreevey (Harlan Phillips); Kay Stewart (Helen Phillips); Bennett Ohta (Hachiro); Bert Remsen (Coslow); Michael Fox (Judge); Frank Hotchkiss (Lieutenant); Ron Stokes (Corporal)\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Music\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Gil Mellé\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Cinematography\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Arch R. Dalzell\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Editing\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Art Seid\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Studio\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Aaron Spelling Productions\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Distributor\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      CBS\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Runtime\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      73 minutes\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n       IMDB\n      </a>\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n       If Tomorrow Comes\n      </a>\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n   </tbody>\n  </table>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-Films\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   Title:If Tomorrow Comes;\nDate:1971; \nGenre:;\nReleased:;\nDirector:George McCowan;\nProducer:Richard Newton;\nWriter:;\nScreenplay:Lew Hunter;\nStory:;\nBasedOn:;\nNarrator:;\nStarring:Patty Duke (Eileen Phillips); Frank Liu (David Tayaneka); Anne Baxter (Miss Cramer); James Whitmore (Frank Phillips); Pat Hingle (Sheriff); Mako (Tadashi); John McLiam (Father Miller); Beulah Quo (Midori); Michael McGreevey (Harlan Phillips); Kay Stewart (Helen Phillips); Bennett Ohta (Hachiro); Bert Remsen (Coslow); Michael Fox (Judge); Frank Hotchkiss (Lieutenant); Ron Stokes (Corporal);\nMusic:Gil Mellé;\nCinematography:Arch R. Dalzell;\nEditing:Art Seid;\nStudio:Aaron Spelling Productions;\nDistributor:CBS;\nRuntime:73 minutes;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nBudget:;\nGross:;\nIMDBLink:\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n   </a>\n   ;\nTrailerLink:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <div class=\"rgonly\">\n  <!--\"rgdatabox-CoreDisplay\" removed-->\n  <div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n   <p>\n    RGMediaType:films;\nTitle:If Tomorrow Comes;\nCreators:;\nInterestLevel:Grades 6-8; Grades 9-12; Adult;\nReadingLevel:;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Love and sacrifice; Evils of racism;\nGenre:Drama;\nPoV:Caucasian American woman, Nisei man;\nRelatedEvents:Interracial marriage;\nAvailability:Available;\nFreeWebVersion:\n    <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n    </a>\n    ;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:NR (Not Rated);\nDenshoTopic:;\nGeography:California;\nChronology:1941;\nFacility:;\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <p>\n  Made for television movie that tells the story of a Romeo and Juliet type romance between a\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Nisei/\" title=\"Nisei\">\n   Nisei\n  </a>\n  man and a white woman against the backdrop of World War II. Produced by Aaron Spelling Productions, \"If Tomorrow Comes\" debuted on CBS on December 7, 1971. It was directed by George McCowan from a teleplay by Lew Hunter and starred former child star Patty Duke opposite newcomer Frank Liu. The movie was originally titled \"My Husband, the Enemy,\" with protests by the Asian American community leading to a name change.\n </p>\n <p>\n  New to a California town, having moved there with her family where her father is the new station master, Eileen Phillips (Duke) strolls around the neighborhood when she stumbles across a Japanese American\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Bon_dance_/_ondo/\" title=\"Bon dance / ondo\">\n   obon\n  </a>\n  replete with kimono clad revelers. There she meets David Tayaneka (Liu), a\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Nisei/\" title=\"Nisei\">\n   Nisei\n  </a>\n  (in a Western suit) honor student, basketball star, and Eagle Scout. Discovering a love of poetry in common, they secretly begin dating and fall in love. They marry on the morning of December 7, 1941, finding out about the attack on Pearl Harbor afterwards. Unable to tell their families, they continue to meet in secret while pondering their future. Eileen's father (James Whitmore) is a bigot who leads a group of rock throwing zealots who attack the Tayaneka home. When Eileen's brother Harlan (Michael McGreevey) finds out about David and Eileen, he fights and accidentally kills David's cousin Tadashi (\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Mako/\" title=\"Mako\">\n   Mako\n  </a>\n  ). David chases down Harlan and they fight, with Harlan ending up dead. Meanwhile, David's father (Bennett Ohta) is arrested and sent to an internment camp. David is tried and found not guilty of Harlan's murder. With her father implying that he'd rather she be dead than married to a \"Jap,\" Eileen fakes her own death, intending to run off with David. David finds out about her fake death and kills himself.\n </p>\n <p>\n  Despite a storyline that was highly sympathetic to Japanese Americans, response from Japanese Americans was largely negative with many objecting to the exotic depictions of Japanese culture and the level of melodrama. Referring to the fight to change the film's title, Taxie Kusunoki of the\n  <i>\n   New York Nichibei\n  </i>\n  wrote \"My own thought after it was all over was that it was not so much the title that needed changing, but the lines from start to finish.\" In a letter to the\n  <i>\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Pacific_Citizen_(newspaper)/\" title=\"Pacific Citizen (newspaper)\">\n    Pacific Citizen\n   </a>\n  </i>\n  , Mrs. Kazu Obayashi wrote that \"The bad scenes alone in Japanese costumes made me vomit.\" In another letter, Irving Paik described it as \"... drowned in a sea of 'Oriental' exotica.\"\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/George_Takei/\" title=\"George Takei\">\n   George Takei\n  </a>\n  , who as National JACL Cultural Chairman had been one of the leaders of the name change campaign, wrote in response to Obayashi, \"We do indeed share with you not only disappointment but a deep sense of violation.\"\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-1\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-1\">\n    [1]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  Less than five years later, another made for TV movie focusing on the Japanese American World War II experience,\n  <i>\n   <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/Farewell_to_Manzanar_(film)/\" title=\"Farewell to Manzanar (film)\">\n    Farewell to Manzanar\n   </a>\n  </i>\n  , garnered a much more positive (though mixed) response.\n  <i>\n   If Tomorrow Comes\n  </i>\n  has been rarely shown since its original screening.\n </p>\n <div id=\"authorByline\">\n  <b>\n   Authored by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Brian_Niiya/\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n    Brian Niiya\n   </a>\n   , Densho\n  </b>\n </div>\n <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  Niiya, Brian\n </div>\n <div id=\"RelatedArticlesDisplay\">\n  <div class=\"section\" id=\"Related_Articles\">\n   <h2>\n    <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Related_Articles\">\n     Related Articles\n    </span>\n   </h2>\n   <div class=\"section_content\">\n    <p class=\"mw-empty-elt\">\n    </p>\n    <div id=\"RelatedArticlesSectionDisplay\">\n     <div class=\"section\" id=\"\">\n      <h3>\n       <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"\">\n       </span>\n      </h3>\n      <div class=\"section_content\">\n       <p class=\"mw-empty-elt\">\n       </p>\n       <ul>\n        <li>\n         <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Dramatic_films/videos_on_incarceration/\" title=\"Dramatic films/videos on incarceration\">\n          Dramatic films/videos on incarceration\n         </a>\n        </li>\n       </ul>\n      </div>\n     </div>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n    Footnotes\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n    <div class=\"mw-references-wrap\">\n     <ol class=\"references\">\n      <li id=\"cite_note-1\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-1\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        All quotes from the\n        <i>\n         Pacific Citizen\n        </i>\n        newspaper, Obayashi's and Kusunoki's from the January 7–14, 1972 issue, page 2; Takei's from January 28, 1972, p. 2, and Paik's from March 10, 1972, p. 2.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n     </ol>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20230613175405\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nComplications: []\nCPU time usage: 0.020 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.027 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 446/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 9886/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 2409/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 6/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 481/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   19.744      1 -total\n 13.89%    2.742      1 Template:RelatedArticles\n 12.65%    2.498      1 Template:Databox-Films\n 11.92%    2.353      1 Template:RGDatabox-Core\n 11.52%    2.274      1 Template:Reflist\n  6.91%    1.364      1 Template:RelatedArticlesSection\n  6.88%    1.358      1 Template:AuthorByline\n  6.83%    1.349      1 Template:Published\n-->\n   <!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:1852-0!canonical and timestamp 20230613175405 and revision id 25748\n -->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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