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    "url_title": "John Ellington",
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    "modified": "2023-12-22T01:11:35",
    "title": "John Ellington",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div id=\"databox-PeopleDisplay\">\n  <table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n   <tbody>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Name\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      John Ellington\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Born\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      December 31 1937\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Died\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      May 10 2012\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Birth Location\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Lake Village, Arkansas\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n   </tbody>\n  </table>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-People\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   FirstName:John;\nLastName:Ellington;\nDisplayName:John Ellington;\nBirthDate:1937-12-31;\nDeathDate:2012-05-10;\nBirthLocation:Lake Village, Arkansas;\nGender:Male;\nEthnicity:White;\nGenerationIdentifier:;\nNationality:;\nExternalResourceLink:;\nPrimaryGeography:Arkansas;\nReligion:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <div class=\"floatright\">\n </div>\n <p>\n  Teacher, farmer, and lifetime resident of the area near the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Jerome/\" title=\"Jerome\">\n   Jerome\n  </a>\n  , Arkansas, detention center who was a key figure in the preservation of the camp's site. In his later years he worked with members of the Japanese American community to construct a memorial at the site and often spoke with visitors about the history of the land.\n </p>\n <div aria-labelledby=\"mw-toc-heading\" class=\"toc\" id=\"toc\" role=\"navigation\">\n  <input class=\"toctogglecheckbox\" id=\"toctogglecheckbox\" role=\"button\" style=\"display:none\" type=\"checkbox\"/>\n  <div class=\"toctitle\" dir=\"ltr\" lang=\"en\">\n   <h2 id=\"mw-toc-heading\">\n    Contents\n   </h2>\n   <span class=\"toctogglespan\">\n    <label class=\"toctogglelabel\" for=\"toctogglecheckbox\">\n    </label>\n   </span>\n  </div>\n  <ul>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-1\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#Early_Life\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      1\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      Early Life\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-2\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#Building_a_Monument\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      2\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      Building a Monument\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-3\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#For_More_Information\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      3\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      For More Information\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-4\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#Footnotes\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      4\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      Footnotes\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n  </ul>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Early_Life\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Early_Life\">\n    Early Life\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    John Pickard Ellington was born in December 1937, four years before the United States became embroiled in the Second World War. As a young boy, John Ellington and his family lived only a few miles from the site of the Jerome camp on a piece of property his grandfather had homesteaded in the 1930s.\n    <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n     <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n      [1]\n     </a>\n    </sup>\n    When\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Executive_Order_9066/\" title=\"Executive Order 9066\">\n     Executive Order 9066\n    </a>\n    led to the confinement of Japanese Americans, his grandfather, who was a carpenter, helped build the camp buildings and continued to work on them for the duration of the war.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    The young Ellington frequently played with the inhabitants of the camp and many visited with him at his house as well. He got his haircuts from the camp barber and came to know the layout of the camp like the back of his hand. After the war, the structures at Jerome were auctioned off and life in the area returned to normal. Ellington attended Arkansas A&amp;M College and Arkansas State University earning a BSE and Masters Degree before becoming a teacher.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    In the late 1950s his family purchased the land on which the camp had existed and Ellington and his brother began clearing much of the forested land for farming. Many of the concrete foundation slabs were buried, and he even remembered burying the pumps of the camp's fuel station. One object that he never cleared, however, was the smoke stack from the hospital building, which he left in the middle of a field so that anyone who returned would recognize it. By 1959, he had purchased most of the land that had once comprised the camp, leased additional nearby acres, and he cared for the land for decades. He was very involved with local farming groups, particularly those that focused on rice and soybeans.\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Building_a_Monument\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Building_a_Monument\">\n    Building a Monument\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    As an adult, Ellington was well aware of the history relating to the local camps but he faced a lack of interest in the history among locals for many years after the end of the war. When former detainees George Sakaguchi and Sam Yada began to raise awareness of the Arkansas camps, Ellington was a significant part of the process as he spoke at local schools and frequently attended the reunions and pilgrimages when they came to either one of the Arkansas sites. Ellington informed Sakaguchi that he hoped to create a small aluminum sign to mark Jerome, but together they decided to raise funds for a more permanent and official stone memorial. Ellington's interest frequently caused him to reach deep into his own pockets to provide hospitality, information, and, in one instance, bags of rice from his company with a special label describing the history of the Jerome camp. In 1992, his efforts led to the construction of a tall stone monument marking the site of the Jerome\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/War_Relocation_Authority/\" title=\"War Relocation Authority\">\n     WRA\n    </a>\n    Camp along a rural stretch of road on Highway 165 in Chicot County, Arkansas.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    He also traveled in his years of involvement with the Japanese American community, and he spoke fondly about the people he met while working to preserve the history of Jerome. He was surprised but honored to discover that many former Jerome detainees were attending the local pilgrimages only when they found out that he would be in attendance. After retirement, he often talked to people who stopped to look at the monument along the highway, and his personal relationship with many former detainees allowed him to relate a number of stories from the wartime camp.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    In May 2012 Ellington passed away leaving behind his wife of fifty years, Linda Jackson Ellington, as well as siblings, children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren.\n    <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n     <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n      [2]\n     </a>\n    </sup>\n    He was humble about his contribution to the preservation of the Japanese American story, though he admits, \"I guess I've probably taken more time with [Jerome's visitors] than anyone else.\"\n    <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">\n     <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">\n      [3]\n     </a>\n    </sup>\n   </p>\n   <div id=\"authorByline\">\n    <b>\n     Authored by\n     <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Abbie_Salyers_Grubb/\" title=\"Abbie Salyers Grubb\">\n      Abbie Salyers Grubb\n     </a>\n    </b>\n   </div>\n   <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n    Grubb, Abbie\n   </div>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n    For More Information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Friedlander, E. J. \"Freedom of the Press behind Barbed Wire: Paul Yokota and the Jerome Relocation Center Newspaper.\"\n    <i>\n     Arkansas Historical Quarterly\n    </i>\n    14.4 (Winter 1985): 303-13.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    \"Jerome Communique.\" Camp Connections. National Park Service, 2002.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Life Interrupted website.\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n    Footnotes\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n    <div class=\"mw-references-wrap\">\n     <ol class=\"references\">\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Personal information on John Ellington from an interview with author, November 15, 2006, Dermot, Arkansas.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        John Ellington Obituary,\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\";id=600&amp;locid=1\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n;id=600&amp;locid=1\n        </a>\n        .\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        John Ellington, Interview.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n     </ol>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20240418160810\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nComplications: []\nCPU time usage: 0.018 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.025 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 189/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 1927/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 262/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 6/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 1216/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   17.560      1 -total\n 40.65%    7.139      1 Template:Databox-People\n 15.47%    2.716      1 Template:Reflist\n  7.95%    1.397      1 Template:AuthorByline\n  7.90%    1.388      1 Template:Published\n  7.46%    1.310      1 Template:GoodNonJA\n-->\n   <!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:3389-0!canonical and timestamp 20240418160810 and revision id 35780\n -->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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