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    "url_title": "John R. Lechner",
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    "modified": "2020-10-08T16:55:26",
    "title": "John R. Lechner",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div id=\"databox-PeopleDisplay\">\n  <table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n   <tbody>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Name\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      John R. Lechner\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Born\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      January 26 1900\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Died\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      February 12 1967\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Birth Location\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Innsbruck, Austria\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n   </tbody>\n  </table>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-People\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   FirstName:John;\nLastName:Lechner;\nDisplayName:John R. Lechner;\nBirthDate:1900-01-26;\nDeathDate:1967-02-12;\nBirthLocation:Innsbruck, Austria;\nGender:Male;\nEthnicity:White;\nGenerationIdentifier:;\nNationality:;\nExternalResourceLink:;\nPrimaryGeography:;\nReligion:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <div class=\"floatright\">\n </div>\n <div class=\"floatright\">\n </div>\n <div class=\"floatright\">\n </div>\n <p>\n  \"Americanization\" and anti-Communist activist. \"Dr.\" John Lechner (1900–67), first allied himself with\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Nisei/\" title=\"Nisei\">\n   Nisei\n  </a>\n  patriotic efforts just prior to World War II, then became one of the most strident voices for the mass eviction of Japanese Americans from the West Coast and against their return.\n </p>\n <p>\n  John R. Lechner was born in Innsbruck, Austria, in 1900, coming to California from Pennsylvania in 1924. In 1927, he founded the Americanism Educational League for which he served as executive director and which championed a variety of right-wing causes over the next forty years. In 1941, he received a doctorate from a diploma mill and began referring to himself as \"Dr.\"\n </p>\n <p>\n  In 1941, he formed a brief partnership with Nisei in Los Angeles determined to demonstrate their loyalty as war clouds with Japan loomed. From the perspective of Nisei leaders such as\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Tokutaro_Slocum/\" title=\"Tokutaro Slocum\">\n   Tokie Slocum\n  </a>\n  , Lechner's group represented an opportunity to align themselves with a White American ally that could noisily champion their Americanism. From the other side, historian John Modell writes, \"the Nisei were Lechner's ideal group: unmoved by radicalism, economically self-reliant, politically uncommitted, and clamoring for a more complete expression of citizenship. Lechner hoped to become an apostle to the Nisei....\"\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n    [1]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  He partnered with Nisei leaders to put together a mass rally held at Hollywood Legion Stadium on May 10, 1941, that was endorsed by groups as diverse as the American Legion, the \"I Am an American Foundation,\" and the Japanese Chamber of Commerce. Lechner spoke on \"Our America in Crisis,\" while speeches by Gongoro Nakamura represented the Issei and Togo Tanaka the Nisei. Lechner also sat on the podium of the 1941 Nisei Week Festival opening and closing ceremonies. Even after the attack on Pearl Harbor, he promoted fair play for Japanese Americans, explicitly opposing mass removal and arguing that the \"government can meet the danger without resorting to evacuation.\"\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-2\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-2\">\n    [2]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <p>\n  But less than three weeks later, he became a vocal proponent of mass removal of Japanese Americans, including his former Nisei allies. Starting on February 10 and extending into March, Lechner gave numerous speeches to groups throughout Southern California, some in partnership with anti-Japanese agitator\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Kilsoo_Haan/\" title=\"Kilsoo Haan\">\n   Kilsoo Hahn\n  </a>\n  . Later he was vocal in his opposition to allowing Japanese Americans to return to the West Coast, going to Washington to meet with nineteen Congressmen in November 1943. He authored a pamphlet titled \"The Inside Story of Our Domestic Japanese Problem\" in 1943 and also a star expert witness on Japanese Americans before the Joint Fact-Finding Committee on Un-American Activities (known also as the Tenney Committee) in 1943. He continued to speak widely on the \"Nisei menace\" throughout the state for the duration of the war.\n </p>\n <p>\n  After the war, he continued to be a strident anti-Communist voice with a particular interest in Cuba after the revolution. He briefly graced the Japanese American press again in the early 1960s, when the California legislature considered a resolution honoring him for his \"Americanism.\" Among those opposing his testimony was Frank Chuman, the president of the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Japanese_American_Citizens_League/\" title=\"Japanese American Citizens League\">\n   Japanese American Citizens League\n  </a>\n  at the time, who described him as \"one of the most bigoted, racist, rabble-rousing individuals in the state of California against loyal citizens and residents of Japanese ancestry.\"\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_3-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-3\">\n    [3]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <p>\n  He died on February 12, 1967, in Los Angeles.\n </p>\n <p>\n  Pamphlets authored by John R. Lechner:\n  <br/>\n  Reds! (1931)\n  <br/>\n  Naziism on the Pacific Coast (1937)\n  <br/>\n  The Inside Story of Our Domestic Japanese Problem (1943)\n  <br/>\n  A Brief Analysis of the Communist Movement in America (1947)\n  <br/>\n  Operation Abolition (1960)\n  <br/>\n  A Report on the Cuban \"Invasion\" Fiasco (1961)\n  <br/>\n  Unmasking the W.E.B. Dubois Clubs (1966)\n </p>\n <div id=\"authorByline\">\n  <b>\n   Authored by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Brian_Niiya/\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n    Brian Niiya\n   </a>\n   , Densho\n  </b>\n </div>\n <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  Niiya, Brian\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n    For More Information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Americanism Educational League folder list. Nixon Presidential Library &amp; Museum.\n    <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n    </a>\n    .\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Barrett, Edward L., Jr.\n    <i>\n     The Tenney Committee: Legislative Investigation of Subversive Activities in California\n    </i>\n    . Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1951.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    \"Dr. Lechner Dies, Once Sued the PC.\"\n    <i>\n     Pacific Citizen\n    </i>\n    , February 17, 1967, 1.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Edell, Edward.\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     <i>\n      An American with Guts.\n     </i>\n    </a>\n    Los Angeles: Cole-Holmquist Press, 1961. [Hagiographic biography of Lechner.]\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Eisenberg, Ellen M.\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     <i>\n      The First to Cry Down Injustice?: Western Jews and Japanese Removal during WWII\n     </i>\n    </a>\n    . Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2008.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Grodzins, Morton.\n    <i>\n     Americans Betrayed: Politics and the Japanese Evacuation\n    </i>\n    . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1949.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Leonard, Kevin Allen. \"'Is That What We Fought For'? Japanese Americans and Racism in California, the Impact of World War II.\"\n    <i>\n     Western Historical Quarterly\n    </i>\n    21.4 (Nov. 1990): 463-82.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    McWilliams, Carey.\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     <i>\n      Prejudice: Japanese-Americans; Symbol of Racial Intolerance\n     </i>\n    </a>\n    . Boston: Little, Brown, &amp; Co., 1944.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Modell, John. \"The Japanese of Los Angeles: A Study in Growth and Accommodation, 1900-1946.\" Ph.D dissertation, Columbia University, 1969.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    ———.\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     <i>\n      The Economics and Politics of Racial Accommodation: The Japanese of Los Angeles 1900-1942\n     </i>\n    </a>\n    . Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1977.\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n    Footnotes\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n    <div class=\"mw-references-wrap\">\n     <ol class=\"references\">\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        John Modell, \"The Japanese of Los Angeles: A Study in Growth and Accommodation, 1900-1946.\" (Ph.D. dissertation, Columbia University, 1969), 366.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-2\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-2\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        <i>\n         Los Angeles Daily News\n        </i>\n        , Jan. 21, 1941, cited in Morton Grodzins,\n        <i>\n         Americans Betrayed: Politics and the Japanese Evacuation\n        </i>\n        (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1949), 52.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-3\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_3-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Cited in Bill Hosokawa,\n        <i>\n         JACL in Quest of Justice: The History of the Japanese American Citizens League\n        </i>\n        (New York: William Morrow, 1982), 304–05. [Hosokawa adds that\n        <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Larry_Tajiri/\" title=\"Larry Tajiri\">\n         Larry Tajiri\n        </a>\n        repeated Chuman's comments in his column for the\n        <i>\n         <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Pacific_Citizen_(newspaper)/\" title=\"Pacific Citizen (newspaper)\">\n          Pacific Citizen\n         </a>\n        </i>\n        , which resulted in Lechner suing the PC for libel. The suit was later abandoned.]\n       </span>\n      </li>\n     </ol>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20220112182745\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nComplications: []\nCPU time usage: 0.019 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.029 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 184/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 1817/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 242/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 6/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 1477/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   18.315      1 -total\n 44.42%    8.136      1 Template:Databox-People\n 16.35%    2.995      1 Template:Reflist\n  8.82%    1.615      1 Template:Published\n  8.60%    1.576      1 Template:AuthorByline\n-->\n   <!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:174-0!canonical and timestamp 20220112182745 and revision id 31167\n -->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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