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    "url_title": "Kinichi Nakanishi",
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    "modified": "2022-07-27T14:35:27",
    "title": "Kinichi Nakanishi",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div id=\"databox-PeopleDisplay\">\n  <table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n   <tbody>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Name\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Kinichi Nakanishi\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Born\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      March 2 1892\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Died\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      September 23 1964\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Birth Location\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Tokyo, Japan\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Generational Identifier\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      <p>\n       <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Issei/\" title=\"Issei\">\n        Issei\n       </a>\n      </p>\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n   </tbody>\n  </table>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-People\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   FirstName:Kinichi;\nLastName:Nakanishi;\nDisplayName:Kinichi Nakanishi;\nBirthDate:1892-03-2;\nDeathDate:1964-09-23;\nBirthLocation:Tokyo, Japan;\nGender:Male;\nEthnicity:JA;\nGenerationIdentifier:Issei;\nNationality:;\nExternalResourceLink:;\nPrimaryGeography:Los Angeles;\nReligion:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <p>\n  Kinichi Nakanishi (1892-1964) was an\n  <i>\n   Issei\n  </i>\n  impressionist-style painter and photographer, best known for his landscapes and portraits, who exhibited widely in Los Angeles, San Diego and San Francisco throughout the 1920s.\n </p>\n <p>\n  He was born on March 2, 1892, in Tokyo, Japan, to Mitsu (Hayakawa) and Tojiro Nakanishi. After graduating from horticultural college, he immigrated to the United States on the S.S.\n  <i>\n   Shinyo Maru\n  </i>\n  , arriving in San Francisco, California, on August 11, 1914, then continued on to Los Angeles.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n    [1]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  In 1917, while working as a collector for the\n  <i>\n   Los Angeles Sun\n  </i>\n  , he began his art studies with established landscape artists Dana Bartlett, Henry W. Cannon, and watercolorist Jack Wilkinson Smith.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n    [2]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <p>\n  Nakanishi was an early member of the Art Students League of Los Angeles, which counted many Japanese American students among its members, such as Hisashi Shimada, Iwakichi Shigematsu, Betty Matsumoto,\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Robert_Kuwahara/\" title=\"Robert Kuwahara\">\n   Bob Kuwahara\n  </a>\n  ,\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Hideo_Date/\" title=\"Hideo Date\">\n   Hideo Date\n  </a>\n  ,\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Charles_Isamu_Morimoto/\" title=\"Charles Isamu Morimoto\">\n   Charles Morimoto\n  </a>\n  , Gompers Saijo, and\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Benji_Okubo/\" title=\"Benji Okubo\">\n   Benji Okubo\n  </a>\n  . One of the first shows that included his work was the 11th Annual Gold Medal Juried Exhibition, held at the Museum of History, Science and Art at Exposition Park in Los Angeles in 1920. The show was curated by the California Art Club, of which he was a member.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">\n    [3]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  That same year, two of his paintings, \"Five P.M.\" and \"Poetry of the Trees\" were chosen for inclusion in the California Art Club exhibition at the San Diego Gallery of Fine Arts. In 1922, his piece, \"Bathers\" was reproduced in the East West Art Society of San Francisco's second exhibition catalog, which included artists\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/George_Matsusaburo_Hibi/\" title=\"George Matsusaburo Hibi\">\n   George Matsusaburo Hibi\n  </a>\n  , Teikichi Hikoyama, Chee Chin S. Cheung Lee, Spencer Macky, Kazuo Matsubara, Perham Nahl,\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Chiura_Obata/\" title=\"Chiura Obata\">\n   Chiura Obata\n  </a>\n  , and\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Tokio_Ueyama/\" title=\"Tokio Ueyama\">\n   Tokio Ueyama\n  </a>\n  along with Nakanishi. Nakanishi's last known exhibition was in 1923, with the Group of Independent Artists in Los Angeles.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\">\n    [4]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <p>\n  The 1930 census shows thirty-seven year old Nakanishi lodging at 227 San Pedro St. in Los Angeles and lists his occupation as art store salesman. Also lodging in the same building was a Terasu Tanaka, who listed himself as a photographer and art store salesman, and it is likely that the two men both worked at Iwata Art Store in Little Tokyo.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref5_5-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref5-5\">\n    [5]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  He married his first wife, Issei Aiko Sato on July 9, 1933, at the Higashi Hongwanji Buddhist temple in Los Angeles, but on December 29, 1933, was granted a divorce.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref6_6-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref6-6\">\n    [6]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  Two years later, on September 23, 1935 he married Chiyo Machikawa in Orange, California, a second marriage for both. On his marriage license to Machikawa, she listed her occupation as \"insurance\" and he listed his as \"photographer.\"\n </p>\n <p>\n  In 1942, he and Chiyo were sent to the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Santa_Anita_(detention_facility)/\" title=\"Santa Anita (detention facility)\">\n   Santa Anita\n  </a>\n  detention center in Arcadia, California, and then to the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Jerome/\" title=\"Jerome\">\n   Jerome\n  </a>\n  concentration camp in Arkansas, where he taught at the camp's art school and exhibited work. In camp records, he is listed as a skilled photographic processor. An article in the\n  <i>\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Denson_Tribune_(newspaper)/\" title=\"Denson Tribune (newspaper)\">\n    Denson Tribune\n   </a>\n  </i>\n  camp newsletter from August 13, 1943 reported that an exhibition presented by the high school art department at 23-1-C and D was mounted, prepared by instructors Eizo Nakagawa, Jentaro Shimo, and Kinichi Nakanishi.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref7_7-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref7-7\">\n    [7]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  When the Jerome camp closed in June 1944, the couple were transferred to the concentration camp at [[Amache (Granada)|Granada (Amache)], Colorado. The couple finally left the camps permanently in 1945—she listed her destination as Los Angeles and date of departure as August 27, 1945, and he listed his as New York and left on May 23, 1945. It is unknown how long he remained in New York, or if he pursued any artistic opportunities there.\n </p>\n <p>\n  Eventually, Nakanishi and his wife were reunited in Los Angeles and decided to change their last name to Machikawa (her maiden name). On November 11, 1954, he became a naturalized U.S. citizen under the name Kinichi Machikawa, with records indicating that he was living at 2520 E. 2nd Street, Los Angeles. He died in Los Angeles on September 23, 1964. There is no evidence that he resumed his artistic career post-war.\n </p>\n <div id=\"authorByline\">\n  <b>\n   Authored by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Patricia_Wakida/\" title=\"Patricia Wakida\">\n    Patricia Wakida\n   </a>\n  </b>\n </div>\n <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  Wakida, Patricia\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n    For More Information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Chang, Gordon H., Mark Dean Johnson, and Paul J. Karlstrom, editors.\n    <i>\n     Asian American Art: A History, 1850-1970\n    </i>\n    . Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2008.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Hughes, Edan Milton.\n    <i>\n     Artists in California, 1786-1940\n    </i>\n    . San Francisco: Hughes Publishing Company, 1989.\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n    Footnotes\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n    <div class=\"mw-references-wrap\">\n     <ol class=\"references\">\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Gordon H. Chang, Mark Dean Johnson, and Paul J. Karlstrom, eds.,\n        <i>\n         Asian American Art: A History, 1850-1970\n        </i>\n        (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2008), 392.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Yoshiki-Kovinick, Marian, Will South, and Julia Armstrong-Totten,\n        <i>\n         A Seed of Modernism: The Art Students League of Los Angeles, 1906-1953\n        </i>\n        (Berkeley, Calif.: Heyday Books, 2008), 115.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Chang, et al.,\n        <i>\n         Asian American Art\n        </i>\n        , 392.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Chang, et al.,\n        <i>\n         Asian American Art\n        </i>\n        , 392.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref5-5\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref5_5-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        United States Census 1930, Los Angeles (Districts 0501-0750), 32.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref6-6\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref6_6-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        \"Aiko Sato Marries Kinichi Nakanishi,\"\n        <i>\n         Rafu Shimpo\n        </i>\n        , July 10, 1933.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref7-7\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref7_7-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        \"Night School Art Show Set,\"\n        <i>\n         Denson Tribune\n        </i>\n        , Aug. 13, 1943, 4\n       </span>\n      </li>\n     </ol>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20230521153600\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nComplications: []\nCPU time usage: 0.017 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.022 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 234/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 2072/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 248/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 6/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 2538/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   16.747      1 -total\n 39.70%    6.648      1 Template:Databox-People\n 18.39%    3.080      1 Template:Reflist\n  8.33%    1.395      1 Template:AuthorByline\n  7.79%    1.304      1 Template:Published\n-->\n   <!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:1968-0!canonical and timestamp 20230521153600 and revision id 34686\n -->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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