GET /api/0.1/articles/Life%20behind%20Barbed%20Wire:%20The%20World%20War%20II%20Internment%20Memoirs%20of%20a%20Hawaii%20Issei%20(book)/
Content-Type: application/json
Vary: Accept

    "url_title": "Life behind Barbed Wire: The World War II Internment Memoirs of a Hawaii Issei (book)",
    "title_sort": "lifebehindbarbedwiretheworldwariiinternmentmemoirsofahawaiiisseibook",
    "links": {
        "json": "",
        "html": ""
    "modified": "2020-06-05T16:00:18",
    "title": "Life behind Barbed Wire: The World War II Internment Memoirs of a Hawaii Issei (book)",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div id=\"databox-BooksDisplay\">\n  <table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n   <tbody>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Title\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Life behind Barbed Wire: The World War II Internment Memoirs of a Hawaii Issei\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Original Title\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Tessaku seikatsu\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Author\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Yasutaro Soga; Kihei Hirai (translator)\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Original Publisher\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      University of Hawai'i Press\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Original Publication Date\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      2008\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Pages\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      255\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      WorldCat Link\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n      </a>\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n   </tbody>\n  </table>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   Title:Life behind Barbed Wire: The World War II Internment Memoirs of a Hawaii Issei;\nAuthor:Yasutaro Soga; Kihei Hirai (translator);\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:Tessaku seikatsu;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:University of Hawai'i Press;\nPubDate:2008;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:255;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n   </a>\n   ;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <div class=\"rgonly\">\n  <!--\"rgdatabox-CoreDisplay\" removed-->\n  <div id=\"rgdatabox-Core\" style=\"display:none;\">\n   <p>\n    RGMediaType:books;\nTitle:Life Behind Barbed Wire: the World War II Internment Memoirs of a Hawaii Issei;\nCreators:;\nInterestLevel:Grades 9-12; Adult;\nReadingLevel:;\nGuidedReadingLevel:;\nLexile:;\nTheme:Facing reality; Immigrant experience; Nationalism – complications; Role of men;\nGenre:Memoir;\nPoV:written in first person voice of Issei man;\nRelatedEvents:;\nAvailability:Widely available;\nFreeWebVersion:Yes;\nPrimarySecondary:;\nHasTeachingAids:No;\nWarnings:;\nDenshoTopic:World War II-U.S. Army internment camps [432]; Identity and value-Issei [43];\nGeography:;\nChronology:1940s;\nFacility:Sand Island [42] - Sand Island, Oahu, Hawaii; Lordsburg [34] - Lordsburg, New Mexico; Santa Fe [27] - Santa Fe, New Mexico;\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <p>\n  Internment memoir by Honolulu\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Issei/\" title=\"Issei\">\n   Issei\n  </a>\n  publisher and community leader\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Yasutaro_Soga/\" title=\"Yasutaro Soga\">\n   Yasutaro Soga\n  </a>\n  . Originally published in 1948 as\n  <i>\n   Tessaku seikatsu\n  </i>\n  , it was translated into English by Kihei Hirai and a team of volunteers at the Japanese Cultural Center of Hawai'i (JCCH) and published by the University of Hawai'i Press in 2008.\n </p>\n <p>\n  Like many other Issei leaders, Soga (1873–1957) was arrested shortly after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. He was first taken to the Honolulu Immigration Station Building and then to the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Sand_Island_(detention_facility)/\" title=\"Sand Island (detention facility)\">\n   Sand Island\n  </a>\n  detention camp, before being transferred to internment camps in\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Lordsburg_(detention_facility)/\" title=\"Lordsburg (detention facility)\">\n   Lordsburg\n  </a>\n  and\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Santa_Fe_(detention_facility)/\" title=\"Santa Fe (detention facility)\">\n   Santa Fe\n  </a>\n  , New Mexico. All told, he spent nearly four years imprisoned, before he finally returned to Honolulu in November of 1945. At the time of his internment, Soga was sixty-eight years old and had been living in Hawai'i for forty-five years.\n </p>\n <p>\n  Shortly after his return to the islands, he began publishing short vignettes about his internment experience in his newspaper, the\n  <i>\n   Hawaii Times\n  </i>\n  (formerly the\n  <i>\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Nippu_Jiji_(newspaper)/\" title=\"Nippu Jiji (newspaper)\">\n    Nippu Jiji\n   </a>\n  </i>\n  prior to the war). These stories became the basis for\n  <i>\n   Tessaku seikatsu\n  </i>\n  . Soga's keen journalistic eye and poet's soul captured many details of his wartime imprisonment, and he relates encounters with many other Issei leaders whom he met at his various stops. His book also includes a appendix containing a list of the some seven hundred men (and a few women) from Hawai'i who were interned in the continental U.S. As one of the few accounts of internment from an Issei perspective as well as one of the few written by a internee from Hawai'i, Soga's account has been often cited by scholars.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n    [1]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <p>\n  In 2008, the University of Hawai'i published an English translation of the book that had been prepared by JCCH. The translation included a new foreword by Dennis Ogawa and introduction by Tetsuden Kashima.\n </p>\n <div id=\"authorByline\">\n  <b>\n   Authored by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Brian_Niiya/\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n    Brian Niiya\n   </a>\n   , Densho\n  </b>\n </div>\n <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  Niiya, Brian\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Find_in_the_Digital_Library_of_Japanese_American_Incarceration\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Find_in_the_Digital_Library_of_Japanese_American_Incarceration\">\n    Find in the Digital Library of Japanese American Incarceration\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    <b>\n     <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n      Life behind Barbed Wire: The World War II Internment Memoirs of a Hawaii Issei\n     </a>\n    </b>\n   </p>\n   <p style=\"font-size:8pt;line-height:1.5;color: #aaa;\">\n    This item has been made freely available in the\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Digital Library of Japanese American Incarceration\n    </a>\n    , a collaborative project with\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Internet Archive\n    </a>\n    .\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    <br/>\n    Might also like\n    <i>\n     <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/An_Internment_Odyssey:_Haisho_Tenten_(book)/\" title=\"An Internment Odyssey: Haisho Tenten (book)\">\n      An Internment Odyssey: Haisho Tenten\n     </a>\n    </i>\n    by Kumaji Furuya;\n    <i>\n     <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Taken_from_Paradise_Isle:_The_Hoshida_Family_Story_(book)/\" title=\"Taken from Paradise Isle: The Hoshida Family Story (book)\">\n      Taken from Paradise Isle: The Hoshida Family Story\n     </a>\n    </i>\n    by George and Tamae Hoshida;\n    <i>\n     <a class=\"encyc rg\" href=\"/Family_Torn_Apart:_The_Internment_Story_of_the_Otokichi_Muin_Ozaki_Family_(book)/\" title=\"Family Torn Apart: The Internment Story of the Otokichi Muin Ozaki Family (book)\">\n      Family Torn Apart: The Internment Story of the Otokichi Muin Ozaki Family\n     </a>\n    </i>\n    , edited by Gail Honda\n   </p>\n   <div id=\"RelatedArticlesDisplay\">\n    <div class=\"section\" id=\"Related_Articles\">\n     <h2>\n      <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Related_Articles\">\n       Related Articles\n      </span>\n     </h2>\n     <div class=\"section_content\">\n      <p class=\"mw-empty-elt\">\n      </p>\n      <div id=\"RelatedArticlesSectionDisplay\">\n       <div class=\"section\" id=\"\">\n        <h3>\n         <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"\">\n         </span>\n        </h3>\n        <div class=\"section_content\">\n         <p class=\"mw-empty-elt\">\n         </p>\n         <ul>\n          <li>\n           <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Memoirs_of_incarceration/\" title=\"Memoirs of incarceration\">\n            Memoirs of incarceration\n           </a>\n          </li>\n         </ul>\n        </div>\n       </div>\n      </div>\n     </div>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n   <div class=\"alert alert-success published\">\n    <p>\n     This page is complete and will be published to the production Encyclopedia.\n    </p>\n   </div>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n    Footnotes\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n    <div class=\"mw-references-wrap\">\n     <ol class=\"references\">\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Two of the many works that draw on it are Gary Okihiro's\n        <i>\n         Cane Fires: The Anti-Japanese Movement in Hawaii, 1865-1945\n        </i>\n        (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1991) and Patsy Sumie Saiki's\n        <i>\n         Ganbarre! An Example of Japanese Spirit\n        </i>\n        (Honolulu: Kisaku, Inc., 1982; Honolulu: Mutual Publishing, 2004).\n       </span>\n      </li>\n     </ol>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20230613175430\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nComplications: []\nCPU time usage: 0.021 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.029 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 394/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 8562/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 2296/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 6/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 633/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   20.971      1 -total\n 13.20%    2.769      1 Template:RelatedArticles\n 11.13%    2.334      1 Template:RGDatabox-Core\n 10.65%    2.234      1 Template:Reflist\n 10.48%    2.198      1 Template:Databox-Books\n  6.65%    1.395      1 Template:RelatedArticlesSection\n  6.45%    1.353      1 Template:AuthorByline\n  6.18%    1.295      1 Template:FindAtIA\n  5.93%    1.243      1 Template:Published\n-->\n   <!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:3361-0!canonical and timestamp 20230613175430 and revision id 29707\n -->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
    "categories": [
    "sources": [],
    "coordinates": {},
    "authors": [
    "ddr_topic_terms": [],
    "prev_page": "",
    "next_page": ""