GET /api/0.1/articles/Mary%20Farquharson/
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    "url_title": "Mary Farquharson",
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    "modified": "2020-07-15T15:30:36",
    "title": "Mary Farquharson",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div id=\"databox-PeopleDisplay\">\n  <table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n   <tbody>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Name\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Mary Farquharson\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Born\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      April 5 1901\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Died\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      September 1 1982\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <td colspan=\"2\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\";file_id=10264\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n       More information...\n      </a>\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n   </tbody>\n  </table>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-People\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   FirstName:Mary;\nLastName:Farquharson;\nDisplayName:Mary Farquharson;\nBirthDate:1901-04-05;\nDeathDate:1982-09-01;\nBirthLocation:;\nGender:Female;\nEthnicity:White;\nGenerationIdentifier:;\nNationality:;\nExternalResourceLink:\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\";file_id=10264\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n;file_id=10264\n   </a>\n   ;\nPrimaryGeography:Seattle, Washington;\nReligion:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <div class=\"floatright\">\n </div>\n <p>\n  Activist, Washington state senator, and organizer of support committee for\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Gordon_Hirabayashi/\" title=\"Gordon Hirabayashi\">\n   Gordon Hirabayashi\n  </a>\n  during World War II. Born Mary U. Nichols in Tacoma in 1901, she graduated from the University of Washington with a degree in English in 1925. She married Frederick Farquharson in 1928. He was a civil engineer who was a professor of engineering at the University of Washington. She and her husband became active in left politics in the 1930s. She was one of the founders of the Seattle chapter of the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/American_Civil_Liberties_Union/\" title=\"American Civil Liberties Union\">\n   American Civil Liberties Union\n  </a>\n  in 1935 and both were active in the Fellowship of Reconciliation.\n </p>\n <p>\n  She was encouraged to enter politics by the Women's Legislative Council of Washington in 1934 and ran for a the state senate seat. Though previously a member of the Socialist Party, she ran as a Democrat and narrowly defeated an incumbent Republican, championing populist economic issues in the midst of the Depression. She was reelected by an even narrower margin in 1938. As a senator, she advocated a progressive state income tax, increased funding for education, and a unicameral legislature and was a key figure in the repeal of the state's criminal-syndaclism law and in establishing a maximum workweek for domestic servants. She opted not to seek reelection in 1942, knowing her anti-war views in the midst of World War II made her unelectable.\n </p>\n <p>\n  During the war, she spoke out against the mass removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans and one of the organizers of the Pacific Coast Committee on American Principles and Fair Play in 1943. Acquainted with Gordon Hirabayashi through the University of Washington's YMCA, for which she served on the board, she sought him out after his initial arrest to express her support and suggest that he make his a test case. She organized a support committee for him, becoming its secretary-treasurer. The committee raised money for his test case, which became particularly significant when the ACLU refused to support him.\n </p>\n <p>\n  She ran for the state senate one more time in 1950, but was defeated in the primary, her last foray into electoral politics. She and her husband continued their activism after the war, becoming active in movements to outlaw capital punishment and to fight nuclear proliferation, until his passing in 1970. Upon her death twelve years later, she left 90% of her estate to the Fellowship of Reconciliation.\n </p>\n <div id=\"authorByline\">\n  <b>\n   Authored by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Brian_Niiya/\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n    Brian Niiya\n   </a>\n   , Densho\n  </b>\n </div>\n <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  Niiya, Brian\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n    For More Information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    \"\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Guide to the Mary Farquharson Papers Relating to the Incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II 1942-1945\n    </a>\n    .\" University of Washington Libraries.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Hirabayashi, Gordon, et. al.\n    <i>\n     A Principled Stand: The Story of Hirabayashi v. United States\n    </i>\n    .  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2013.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Irons, Peter.\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     <i>\n      Justice at War: The Story of the Japanese American Internment Cases\n     </i>\n     .\n    </a>\n    New York: Oxford University Press, 1983. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Licata, Eleanor. \"\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\";file_id=10264\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Farquharson, Mary (1901–1982)\n    </a>\n    .\"\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    \"\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Mary Farquharson\n    </a>\n    ,\" Interviewed by Kathryn Hinsch, November 5, 1980. Women in Washington State Legislature Oral History Program, Office of Secretary of State Washington State Archives.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Scott, George W. \"Mary Farquharson.\"\n    <i>\n     Columbia: The Magazine of Northwest History\n    </i>\n    21.3 (Fall 2007): 17–21.\n   </p>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20230613175333\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nComplications: []\nCPU time usage: 0.013 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.018 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 117/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 1897/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 434/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 6/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 0/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   10.828      1 -total\n 62.33%    6.749      1 Template:Databox-People\n 12.48%    1.352      1 Template:Published\n 12.27%    1.329      1 Template:AuthorByline\n 11.44%    1.239      1 Template:GoodNonJA\n-->\n   <!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:2021-0!canonical and timestamp 20230613175333 and revision id 30657\n -->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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