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    "url_title": "Nisei Soldier Memorial Day",
    "title_sort": "niseisoldiermemorialday",
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    "modified": "2020-10-08T16:17:50",
    "title": "Nisei Soldier Memorial Day",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <p>\n  Annual commemoration introduced by the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Japanese_American_Citizens_League/\" title=\"Japanese American Citizens League\">\n   Japanese American Citizens League\n  </a>\n  (JACL) to honor Japanese Americans who died in the service of their country during World War II. The JACL decided to begin Nisei Soldier Memorial Day (NSMD) commemorations at their 1948 convention as part of a larger effort to celebrate the achievements of the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Japanese_Americans_in_military_during_World_War_II/\" title=\"Japanese Americans in military during World War II\">\n   Nisei soldiers\n  </a>\n  . The date for the commemorations was set as October 30, the date chosen because because it was the anniversary of the \"\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Rescue_of_the_Lost_Battalion/\" title=\"Rescue of the Lost Battalion\">\n   Rescue of the Lost Battalion\n  </a>\n  ,\" one of the most celebrated episodes in the history of the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/442nd_Regimental_Combat_Team/\" title=\"442nd Regimental Combat Team\">\n   442nd Regimental Combat Team\n  </a>\n  .\n </p>\n <p>\n  The first NSMD in 1949 included large commemorations in Florence, Italy; Bruyeres, France; and Arlington National Cemetery in Washington, DC as well as events across the U.S., ranging from Idaho Falls to Omaha to Los Angeles.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n    [1]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  However, not all veterans agreed with the establishment of a separate event. In November 1949, the Seattle Nisei Veterans Committee passed a resolution asking the JACL to eliminate the event, claiming that \"American ex-soldiers of this group desire no special 'Memorial Day,' no segregated observance; but desire only to participate wholeheartedly in the events of the day set aside for all soldiers of this nation.\"\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n    [2]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n  An editorial in the\n  <i>\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Pacific_Citizen_(newspaper)/\" title=\"Pacific Citizen (newspaper)\">\n    Pacific Citizen\n   </a>\n  </i>\n  later acknowledged that \"Much criticism was leveled upon designation of this special anniversary day on grounds it constituted a 'segregated' memorial day,\" but pointed out that Japanese Americans still could participate in general Memorial Day commemorations and that anyone was welcome to take part in NSMD. \"When the accident of color is no longer an important factor in the economic and social life of our country, then perhaps National Nisei Memorial day will no longer be necessary,\" it concluded.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">\n    [3]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <p>\n  Though the JACL continued to push the event for the next few years, it seemed to never really catch on and the number of commemorations dwindled. By 1958, Nisei Soldier Memorial Day was no more.\n </p>\n <p>\n  Historian Ellen Wu has argued that the Nisei Soldier Memorial Day was part of the JACL's campaign to highlight the Nisei soldiers as part of its larger push to combat discrimination against Japanese Americans in the postwar era.\n </p>\n <div id=\"authorByline\">\n  <b>\n   Authored by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Brian_Niiya/\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n    Brian Niiya\n   </a>\n   , Densho\n  </b>\n </div>\n <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  Niiya, Brian\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n    For More Information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Wu, Ellen.\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     <i>\n      The Color of Success: Asian Americans and the Origins of the Model Minority\n     </i>\n    </a>\n    . Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2014.\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n    Footnotes\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n    <div class=\"mw-references-wrap\">\n     <ol class=\"references\">\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        <i>\n         Pacific Citizen\n        </i>\n        , Oct. 22, 1949, p. 3,\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        ; Nov. 5, 1949, p 3,\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        , both accessed on Jan. 12, 2018.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Ellen Wu,\n        <i>\n         The Color of Success: Asian Americans and the Origins of the Model Minority\n        </i>\n        (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2014), 88.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        <i>\n         Pacific Citizen\n        </i>\n        , Oct. 21, 1950, p. 4, accessed on Jan. 12, 2018 at\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        .\n       </span>\n      </li>\n     </ol>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20230521153559\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nComplications: []\nCPU time usage: 0.012 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.016 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 92/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 514/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 58/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 5/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 1527/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   12.759      1 -total\n 20.43%    2.606      1 Template:Reflist\n 10.47%    1.336      1 Template:AuthorByline\n 10.14%    1.294      1 Template:Published\n-->\n   <!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:2691-0!canonical and timestamp 20230521153559 and revision id 31158\n -->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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