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    "url_title": "Paul Terasaki",
    "title_sort": "terasakipaul",
    "links": {
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    "modified": "2023-12-21T03:49:52",
    "title": "Paul Terasaki",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div id=\"databox-PeopleDisplay\">\n  <table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n   <tbody>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Name\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Paul Terasaki\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Born\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      September 10 1929\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Died\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      January 25 2016\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Birth Location\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Los Angeles, California\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Generational Identifier\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      <p>\n       <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Sansei/\" title=\"Sansei\">\n        Sansei\n       </a>\n      </p>\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n   </tbody>\n  </table>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-People\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   FirstName:Paul Ichiro;\nLastName:Terasaki;\nDisplayName:Paul Terasaki;\nBirthDate:1929-09-10;\nDeathDate:2016-01-25;\nBirthLocation:Los Angeles, California;\nGender:Male;\nEthnicity:JA;\nGenerationIdentifier:Sansei;\nNationality:;\nExternalResourceLink:;\nPrimaryGeography:Los Angeles;\nReligion:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <p>\n  Life scientist, entrepreneur, and philanthropist. A pioneering figure in the field of transplantation, Paul Terasaki's innovations in tissue testing, organ tracking, and organ preservation helped to greatly expand the number of subsequent transplants. With wealth generated from the commercialization of his inventions, he became a major funder of Japanese Studies and life sciences at his alma mater, UCLA.\n </p>\n <div aria-labelledby=\"mw-toc-heading\" class=\"toc\" id=\"toc\" role=\"navigation\">\n  <input class=\"toctogglecheckbox\" id=\"toctogglecheckbox\" role=\"button\" style=\"display:none\" type=\"checkbox\"/>\n  <div class=\"toctitle\" dir=\"ltr\" lang=\"en\">\n   <h2 id=\"mw-toc-heading\">\n    Contents\n   </h2>\n   <span class=\"toctogglespan\">\n    <label class=\"toctogglelabel\" for=\"toctogglecheckbox\">\n    </label>\n   </span>\n  </div>\n  <ul>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-1\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#Early_Life_and_Wartime_Incarceration\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      1\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      Early Life and Wartime Incarceration\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-2\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#Transplantation_Pioneer\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      2\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      Transplantation Pioneer\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-3\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#Honors_and_Philanthropy\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      3\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      Honors and Philanthropy\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-4\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#For_More_Information\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      4\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      For More Information\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-5\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#Footnotes\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      5\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      Footnotes\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n  </ul>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Early_Life_and_Wartime_Incarceration\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Early_Life_and_Wartime_Incarceration\">\n    Early Life and Wartime Incarceration\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Paul Ichiro Terasaki was born in Los Angeles on September 10, 1929, the eldest child of Shuhei and Hanako (Kaya) Terasaki. Shuhei (1894–1994), who also went by \"George,\" had first migrated to Hawai'i in 1914, before a stint attending the Art Institute of Chicago. After trying to establish himself as a painter in Los Angeles, he worked in the print shop of the\n    <i>\n     <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Rafu_Shimpo_(newspaper)/\" title=\"Rafu Shimpo (newspaper)\">\n      Rafu Shimpo\n     </a>\n    </i>\n    , before embarking on a string of businesses including a cafe, a liquor store and a cake shop in Little Tokyo. Hanako (1903–60) was a\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Kibei/\" title=\"Kibei\">\n     Kibei\n    </a>\n    , born in Hawai'i, but raised in Japan until age nine, when she returned to Hawai'i. Sent to live with an aunt in Los Angeles around 1920, she graduated from Jefferson High School and worked in a garment shop. She and Shuhei married in 1927. After Paul, two more sons followed, George Katsumi (1931– ) and Richard Makoto (1934– ). The family lived in Boyle Heights, a multi-ethnic neighborhood east of downtown Los Angeles.\n    <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n     <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n      [1]\n     </a>\n    </sup>\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    After the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/December_7,_1941/\" title=\"December 7, 1941\">\n     attack on Pearl Harbor\n    </a>\n    , Shuhei was forced to sell his successful cake shop for a pittance, and, along with all other West Coast Japanese Americans, the Terasakis were sent to concentration camps, first to the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Turlock_(detention_facility)/\" title=\"Turlock (detention facility)\">\n     Turlock Assembly Center\n    </a>\n    , then to\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Gila_River/\" title=\"Gila River\">\n     Gila River\n    </a>\n    in Arizona where the family of five, along with an aunt, shared one barracks \"apartment.\" As was the case with many teenagers, Paul enjoyed aspects of the camp, recalling that he \"was constantly playing,\" not fully aware of the hardships his parents' generation and even older\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Nisei/\" title=\"Nisei\">\n     Nisei\n    </a>\n    suffered. The family eventually\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Resettlement_in_Chicago/\" title=\"Resettlement in Chicago\">\n     resettled in Chicago\n    </a>\n    , where Paul finished high school while working as a busboy. He went to the University of Illinois at Navy Pier. When the family moved back to Los Angeles in 1948, Paul transferred to UCLA, where he would graduate with three degrees and spend his entire academic career.\n    <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n     <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n      [2]\n     </a>\n    </sup>\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Transplantation_Pioneer\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Transplantation_Pioneer\">\n    Transplantation Pioneer\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Encouraged to go into medicine by his parents, Terasaki decided that he \"was not suited to be a good doctor\" and focused instead on laboratory research. He graduated from UCLA in 1950, going on to Master's (1952) and Ph.D (1956) degrees in zoology. While completing his graduate studies, he married a young artist, Hisako Sumioka, in 1954, and the couple went on to have four children. After his Ph.D. he was a postdoctoral fellow at University College in London under the supervision of Peter Medwar, one of the pioneering figures in the field of transplantation, and also traveled to Paris to work with Jean Dausset.\n    <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">\n     <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">\n      [3]\n     </a>\n    </sup>\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Terasaki returned to UCLA's Department of Surgery, where in 1964, he invented the microcytotoxicity test, which allowed for the identification of human leukocyte antigens (HLA) and a standardization of tissue typing. The test came to be adopted as an international standard and greatly facilitated organ transplantation—particularly of kidneys—and also was used as a means for determining paternity and for finding the links between HLA and various diseases, among many other uses. To further facilitate research on kidney transplants, Terasaki was among those who created a kidney registry at UCLA in 1970 that eventually became a worldwide registry, allowing for researchers to track how various factors affect the outcome of transplants. Terasaki himself spent much of his subsequent career doing such analysis. He further contributed to the rise in kidney transplants by developing methods to keep donor kidneys feasible for longer periods of time, allowing for the shipping of kidneys to recipients far from donors.\n    <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\">\n     <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\">\n      [4]\n     </a>\n    </sup>\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    His research was initially funded by a series of federal grants, but the grants stopped in the early 1970s. Much of his subsequent research was funded by the sale of tissue-typing trays that Terasaki had developed at UCLA, under the supervision of the Food and Drug Administration. In 1980, the FDA deregulated the production and sale of the trays. While keeping his faculty position at UCLA, Terasaki struck a deal with the school to allow him to produce the trays as a for-profit venture. He started a company called One Lambda as a result. One Lambda's sale of the trays, various HLA typing tests, and other products made Terasaki a wealthy man. Originating with eight former students as employees, One Lambda now employs 270 people.\n    <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref5_5-0\">\n     <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref5-5\">\n      [5]\n     </a>\n    </sup>\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    The arrangement was not without controversy. In 1987, a report by the California state auditor alleged that Terasaki and UCLA violated conflict of interest laws and that Terasaki's company was using state employees and facilities rent free. The university defended Terasaki, claiming that all arrangements had been approved by the university on a temporary basis until a final deal could be negotiated. Ultimately, One Lambda paid UCLA $500,000 for the transfer of technology and reimbursed the university for state employee salaries. Terasaki retained his position in the Department of Surgery at UCLA until his retirement in 1999. He subsequently started the Terasaki Foundation in 2000 allowing him to continue his research.\n    <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref6_6-0\">\n     <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref6-6\">\n      [6]\n     </a>\n    </sup>\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Honors_and_Philanthropy\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Honors_and_Philanthropy\">\n    Honors and Philanthropy\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Though not active in the Japanese American community for the bulk of his life, he was named the Nisei of the Biennium by the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Japanese_American_Citizens_League/\" title=\"Japanese American Citizens League\">\n     Japanese American Citizens League\n    </a>\n    in 1970 over finalists\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/S.I._Hayakawa/\" title=\"S.I. Hayakawa\">\n     S. I. Hayakawa\n    </a>\n    and Shiro Kashiwa. In 1996, he received the Medawar Prize, the highest honor in the transplantation field, sharing the award with Jean Dausset and Jon van Rood.\n    <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref7_7-0\">\n     <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref7-7\">\n      [7]\n     </a>\n    </sup>\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Late in life, he became a well-known philanthropist. Citing the need for \"mutual understanding\" that came out of research and presentation trips to Japan during this career, he donated $5 million to UCLA in 2006 to establish the Paul I. and Hisako Terasaki Center for Japanese Studies. The gift also established the Paul I. and Hisako Terasaki Chair in Contemporary Japanese Studies, which has been held since its inception by architect Hitoshi Abe. Donations to the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Japanese_American_National_Museum/\" title=\"Japanese American National Museum\">\n     Japanese American National Museum\n    </a>\n    established the Terasaki Orientation Theater and the Garden Cafe.\n    <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref8_8-0\">\n     <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref8-8\">\n      [8]\n     </a>\n    </sup>\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    In 2010, he made a second major gift to UCLA, a $50 million donation to life sciences, the largest ever to the UCLA's College of Letters and Sciences. As a result of the gift, the life science building was named the Terasaki Life Sciences Building, and the Paul I. Terasaki Chair in Surgery was established at the David Geffen School of Medicine.\n    <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref9_9-0\">\n     <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref9-9\">\n      [9]\n     </a>\n    </sup>\n    He passed away at the age of 86 on January 25, 2016.\n   </p>\n   <div id=\"authorByline\">\n    <b>\n     Authored by\n     <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Brian_Niiya/\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n      Brian Niiya\n     </a>\n     , Densho\n    </b>\n   </div>\n   <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n    Niiya, Brian\n   </div>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n    For More Information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Cecka, J. Michael. \"Interview with Dr Paul Terasaki\"\n    <i>\n     American Journal of Transplantation\n    </i>\n    3 (2003): 1047–51.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Discover Nikkei interview\n    </a>\n    by Gwenn M. Jensen, Feb. 10, 2004.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Lin, Judy. \"\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     $5 Million Gift from Paul I. Terasaki Foundation Advances Contemporary Japanese Studies at UCLA\n    </a>\n    .\" UCLA International Institute, March 9, 2006.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    One Lambda website.\n    <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n    </a>\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Wolpert, Stuart. \"\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Paul Terasaki Donates $50 Million to UCLA's Life Sciences\n    </a>\n    .\" UCLA Newsroom, May 13, 2010.\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n    Footnotes\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n    <div class=\"mw-references-wrap\">\n     <ol class=\"references\">\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        National Archives and Records Administration Microfilm Publications, Final Accountability Rosters of Evacuees at Relocation Centers, 1944–46, Roll 3, Gila River, page 273; Interview with Shuhei Terasaki by Genji Terasaki, May 27, 1991, accessed on May 5, 2014 at\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        .\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        WRA Form 26 Database, Densho Digital Repository,\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        ; Paul Terasaki interview by by Gwenn M. Jensen, Feb. 10, 2004,\n        <i>\n         Discover Nikkei\n        </i>\n        ,\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        ; Stuart Wolpert, \"Paul Terasaki Donates $50 Million to UCLA's Life Sciences,\"\n        <i>\n         UCLA Newsroom\n        </i>\n        , May 13, 2010.\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        , all accessed on May 5, 2014; quote from the second.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref3-3\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref3_3-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Wolpert, \"Paul Terasaki Donates\"; J. Michael Cecka, \"Interview with Dr Paul Terasaki,\"\n        <i>\n         American Journal of Transplantation\n        </i>\n        3 (2003): 1047–51; quote from the first.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref4-4\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref4_4-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Cecka, \"Interview with Dr Paul Terasaki\"; Wolpert, \"Paul Terasaki Donates\"; Jensen, Terasaki interview,\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        .\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref5-5\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref5_5-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Cecka, \"Interview with Dr Paul Terasaki\"; \"Company Profile,\" One Lambda website,\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        .\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref6-6\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref6_6-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Jess Bravin, \"No Penalty Planned in UCLA Case: Professor Allegedly Misused $500,000,\"\n        <i>\n         Los Angeles Times\n        </i>\n        , July 29, 1987,\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        ; Jess Bravin, \"UCLA Names Professor in Auditor's Case,\"\n        <i>\n         Los Angeles Times\n        </i>\n        , July 30, 1987,\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        ; Jess Bravin, \"UCLA's Terasaki Denies Violation of School Rules, Misuse of Funds,\"\n        <i>\n         Los Angeles Times\n        </i>\n        , July 31, 1987,\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        ; Elaine Woo, \"Professor's Conflict-of-Interest Case Raises Broader Questions,\"\n        <i>\n         Los Angeles Times\n        </i>\n        , July 31, 1987,\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        ; Judy Lin, \"$5 Million Gift from Paul I. Terasaki Foundation Advances Contemporary Japanese Studies at UCLA,\" UCLA International Institute, March 9, 2006,\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        , all accessed on May 5, 2014.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref7-7\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref7_7-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        \"Paul Terasaki Accorded Nisei of Biennium,\"\n        <i>\n         Pacific Citizen\n        </i>\n        , July 24, 1970, 1; Cecka, \"Interview with Dr Paul Terasaki.\"\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref8-8\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref8_8-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Lin, \"$5 Million Gift\"; \"Paul Terasaki '50, M.A. '52, Ph.D. '56,\" 2011 Edward A. Dickson Alumnus of the Year Award, UCLA Alumni,\n        <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n        </a>\n        , accessed on May 5, 2014.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref9-9\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref9_9-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Wolpert, \"Paul Terasaki Donates.\"\n       </span>\n      </li>\n     </ol>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20240418160810\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nComplications: []\nCPU time usage: 0.020 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.026 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 264/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 2122/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 287/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 6/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 6442/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   19.056      1 -total\n 38.62%    7.360      1 Template:Databox-People\n 20.37%    3.881      1 Template:Reflist\n  7.43%    1.416      1 Template:AuthorByline\n  7.27%    1.385      1 Template:Published\n-->\n   <!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:2971-0!canonical and timestamp 20240418160810 and revision id 35764\n -->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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