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    "url_title": "Stringtown (detention facility)",
    "title_sort": "stringtowndetentionfacility",
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    "modified": "2021-07-06T21:33:00",
    "title": "Stringtown (detention facility)",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div class=\"alert alert-info\">\n  <p>\n   <strong>\n    We need your help!\n   </strong>\n   There is little available research or existing scholarship about the subject of this article. If you have information or sources that you can share, please help make the Encyclopedia better by contacting us at [email protected]\n  </p>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-CampsDisplay\">\n  <table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n   <tbody>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      US Gov Name\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Stringtown Internment Camp\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Sites_of_incarceration/\" title=\"Sites of incarceration\">\n       Facility Type\n      </a>\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Sites_of_incarceration#U.S._Army_Internment_Camp/\" title=\"Sites of incarceration\">\n       U.S. Army Internment Camp\n      </a>\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Administrative Agency\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      U.S. Army\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Location\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Stringtown, Oklahoma (34.4667 lat, -96.0500 lng)\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Date Opened\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Date Closed\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Population Description\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Held German internees and POWs and possibly Issei\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      General Description\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Located 5 miles north of Stringtown in southern Oklahoma. Currently a medium-security facility, the Mack Alford Correctional Center.\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Peak Population\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <td colspan=\"2\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"http://www.nps.gov/parkhistory/online_books/anthropology74/ce17n.htm\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n       National Park Service Info\n      </a>\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n   </tbody>\n  </table>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-Camps\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   SoSUID:u-stri;\nDenshoName:Stringtown;\nUSGName:Stringtown Internment Camp;\nType:\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Sites_of_incarceration#U.S._Army_Internment_Camp/\" title=\"Sites of incarceration\">\n    U.S. Army Internment Camp\n   </a>\n   ;\nAdminAgency:U.S. Army;\nDateOpened:;\nDateClosed:;\nLocationName:Stringtown, Oklahoma;\nCityName:Stringtown;\nStateName:OK;\nDescription:Located 5 miles north of Stringtown in southern Oklahoma. Currently a medium-security facility, the Mack Alford Correctional Center.;\nGISLat:34.4667;\nGISLng:-96.0500;\nGISTGNId:2084058;\nCurrentDisposition:;\nPopulationDescription:Held German internees and POWs and possibly Issei;\nExitDestination:;\nPeakPopulation:;\nPeakDate:;\nNPSMoreInfoResourceLink:\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"http://www.nps.gov/parkhistory/online_books/anthropology74/ce17n.htm\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n    http://www.nps.gov/parkhistory/online_books/anthropology74/ce17n.htm\n   </a>\n   ;\nOfficialResourceLink:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <p>\n  Detention site in Atoka County, Oklahoma, that held German internees and POWs during World War II. Built in 1933 as an annex to the Oklahoma State Penitentiary, Stringtown became the Oklahoma State Technical Institute in 1937. In 1942, a group of German internees were moved to Stringtown from Ft. Lincoln, North Dakota. In his study of the Ft. Lincoln detention camp, John Christgau wrote that Stringtown had \"a penitentiary atmosphere, with smashed windows, cockroaches, and worst of all, pro-Nazi radicals.\" Tetsuden Kashima writes that Stringtown held \"at least\" 176 Issei in 1942, the only mention of Issei being held there. No further information on who these Issei could be found. Stringtown later held naval prisoners of war. After the war, it reverted to being a prison and is now the site of the Mack Alford Correctional Center, a medium security prison.\n  <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-1\">\n   <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-1\">\n    [1]\n   </a>\n  </sup>\n </p>\n <div id=\"authorByline\">\n  <b>\n   Authored by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Brian_Niiya/\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n    Brian Niiya\n   </a>\n   , Densho\n  </b>\n </div>\n <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  Niiya, Brian\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n    Footnotes\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n    <div class=\"mw-references-wrap\">\n     <ol class=\"references\">\n      <li id=\"cite_note-1\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-1\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Barbara Wyatt, ed.,\n        <i>\n         Japanese Americans in World War II: National Historic Landmarks Theme Study\n        </i>\n        (Washington, D.C.: National Historic Landmarks Program, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, 2012), 189; John Christgau,\n        <i>\n         \"Enemies\": World War II Alien Internment\n        </i>\n        (Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1985; Lincoln, Nebraska: Authors Choice Press, 2001), 84; Tetsuden Kashima,\n        <i>\n         Judgment Without Trial: Japanese American Imprisonment during World War II\n        </i>\n        (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2002), 257n32, 259n36.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n     </ol>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20210706213300\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nCPU time usage: 0.039 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.042 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 189/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 1202/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 3510/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 964/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 4/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 833/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   24.555      1 -total\n 25.23%    6.195      1 Template:Reflist\n 22.80%    5.598      1 Template:Databox-Camps\n  9.55%    2.346      1 Template:AuthorByline\n  8.39%    2.059      1 Template:Published\n  7.99%    1.963      1 Template:needmoreinfo\n-->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:1222-0!canonical and timestamp 20210706213300 and revision id 33889\n -->\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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