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    "url_title": "The Lost Years: 1942-1946 (book)",
    "title_sort": "lostyears19421946",
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    "modified": "2020-10-16T16:02:14",
    "title": "The Lost Years: 1942-1946 (book)",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div id=\"databox-BooksDisplay\">\n  <table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n   <tbody>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Title\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      The Lost Years: 1942–1946\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Author\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Sue Kunitomi Embrey\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Original Publisher\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Moonlight Publications\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Original Publication Date\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      1972\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Pages\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      58\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      WorldCat Link\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\";editionsView=true\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n;editionsView=true\n      </a>\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n   </tbody>\n  </table>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-Books\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   Title:The Lost Years: 1942–1946;\nAuthor:Sue Kunitomi Embrey;\nIllustrator:;\nOrigTitle:;\nCountry:;\nLanguage:;\nSeries:;\nGenre:;\nPublisher:Moonlight Publications;\nPubDate:1972;\nCurrentPublisher:;\nCurrentPubDate:;\nMediaType:;\nPages:58;\nAwards:;\nISBN:;\nWorldCatLink:\n   <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\";editionsView=true\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n;editionsView=true\n   </a>\n   ;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <p>\n  <i>\n   The Lost Years, 1942-1946\n  </i>\n  edited by activist, writer, and educator\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Sue_Kunitomi_Embrey/\" title=\"Sue Kunitomi Embrey\">\n   Sueko Sue Kunitomi Embrey\n  </a>\n  (1923–2006) is a compilation of materials related to the incarceration of Japanese Americans that was used during the campaign to name the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Manzanar/\" title=\"Manzanar\">\n   Manzanar\n  </a>\n  Cemetery a National Historic Site.\n </p>\n <div aria-labelledby=\"mw-toc-heading\" class=\"toc\" id=\"toc\" role=\"navigation\">\n  <input class=\"toctogglecheckbox\" id=\"toctogglecheckbox\" role=\"button\" style=\"display:none\" type=\"checkbox\"/>\n  <div class=\"toctitle\" dir=\"ltr\" lang=\"en\">\n   <h2 id=\"mw-toc-heading\">\n    Contents\n   </h2>\n   <span class=\"toctogglespan\">\n    <label class=\"toctogglelabel\" for=\"toctogglecheckbox\">\n    </label>\n   </span>\n  </div>\n  <ul>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-1\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#Embrey.27s_Background\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      1\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      Embrey's Background\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-2\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#Publication_Information\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      2\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      Publication Information\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#Find_in_the_Digital_Library_of_Japanese_American_Incarceration\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      3\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      Find in the Digital Library of Japanese American Incarceration\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-3\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#For_More_Information\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      4\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      For More Information\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n   <li class=\"toclevel-1 tocsection-4\">\n    <a class=\"\" href=\"#Footnotes\">\n     <span class=\"tocnumber\">\n      5\n     </span>\n     <span class=\"toctext\">\n      Footnotes\n     </span>\n    </a>\n   </li>\n  </ul>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Embrey's_Background\">\n  <h2>\n   <span id=\"Embrey's_Background\">\n   </span>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Embrey.27s_Background\">\n    Embrey's Background\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Embrey was born to\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Issei/\" title=\"Issei\">\n     Issei\n    </a>\n    parents, Gonhichi and Komika Kunitomi, who had emigrated from Okayama prefecture to California, and was the sixth of eight children. As a\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Nisei/\" title=\"Nisei\">\n     Nisei\n    </a>\n    from Los Angeles, Embrey was incarcerated with her family at Manzanar during World War II and after a brief stint at Manzanar's camouflage net factory she worked as a reporter for the camp newspaper, the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Manzanar_Free_Press_(newspaper)/\" title=\"Manzanar Free Press (newspaper)\">\n     <i>\n      Manzanar Free Press\n     </i>\n    </a>\n    . Following the closure of the camps, Embrey returned to Los Angeles in 1948 and worked at the Los Angeles Department of Education and later the Health Department. In 1950, she married Garland Embrey and soon had her first child. But her camp experience politicized Embrey and she joined a number of political groups including the Democratic Club and the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Nisei_Progressives/\" title=\"Nisei Progressives\">\n     Nisei Progressives\n    </a>\n    .\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    In 1969,\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Sansei/\" title=\"Sansei\">\n     Sansei\n    </a>\n    activist\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Warren_Furutani/\" title=\"Warren Furutani\">\n     Warren Furutani\n    </a>\n    invited Embrey to attend the pilgrimage to Manzanar as part of the civil rights movement. In December 1969, Embrey returned to Manzanar for the first time since her release. During the pilgrimage, Embrey spoke about her experiences with reporters and some in the Japanese community criticized her for speaking out about an event that some preferred to forget. Embrey would eventually chair the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Manzanar_Committee/\" title=\"Manzanar Committee\">\n     Manzanar Committee\n    </a>\n    , an organization dedicated to educating individuals about the violation of the civil rights of Japanese Americans during World War II. For the next thirty-six years Embrey also led the annual pilgrimage to Manzanar and spearheaded efforts to establish Manzanar as a National Historic Site.\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Publication_Information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Publication_Information\">\n    Publication Information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    As part of her efforts to raise public awareness of the incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II and to promote the designation of Manzanar as a National Historic Site, Embrey compiled a pamphlet of materials from both government publications and her own personal collection about camp experiences.\n    <i>\n     The Lost Years\n    </i>\n    begins with a chronology of events compiled from WRA publications and the\n    <i>\n     Manzanar Free Press\n    </i>\n    . Embrey also includes historian Roger Daniel's paper \"Why It Happened Here\" which was read at symposium titled \"It Did Happen Here: The Japanese Evacuation of 1942\" marking the 25th anniversary of Executive Order 9066 and held at the University of California at Los Angeles. Portions of his paper were also used for his book\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Concentration_Camps,_USA_(book)/\" title=\"Concentration Camps, USA (book)\">\n     <i>\n      Concentration Camps, USA: Japanese Americans and World War II\n     </i>\n    </a>\n    (1971). According to Embrey, Daniels' paper was specifically chosen for its \"concise and honest presentation, and  . . . because it parallels closely this editor's belief and feelings regarding the evacuation.\"\n    <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n     <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n      [1]\n     </a>\n    </sup>\n    Embrey also included excerpts from \"OUTCASTS!—The Story of America's treatment of her Japanese American Minority,\" by Caleb Foote, published in the February 1944 issue of\n    <i>\n     Fellowship\n    </i>\n    magazine. This publication was issued by the Fellowship of Reconciliation, a pacifist organization that had protested against the incarceration of Japanese Americans. In addition, Embrey also included publications from the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/War_Relocation_Authority/\" title=\"War Relocation Authority\">\n     War Relocation Authority\n    </a>\n    including \"Segregation of Persons of Japanese Ancestry in Relocation Centers\" a brochure outlining segregation procedures to determine who would be sent to\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Tule_Lake/\" title=\"Tule Lake\">\n     Tule Lake\n    </a>\n    and \"Why Relocate?\", a mimeographed instructional bulletin prepared by the Adult Education Office of the Department of Education in Manzanar to persuade Japanese to relocate outside the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Western_Defense_Command/\" title=\"Western Defense Command\">\n     Western Defense Command\n    </a>\n    . According to Embrey, although these materials may appear to be \"mundane and unimportant,\" it should be understood that \"behind the simple language lay months of pain, indecision, and heartaches for those who decided to leave the camps.\"\n    <sup class=\"reference\" id=\"cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n     <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n      [2]\n     </a>\n    </sup>\n    The struggles of inmates with camp life and the ambiguity of their future are captured not just in the two short unpublished poems from members of the\n    <i>\n     Manzanar Free Press\n    </i>\n    but also in the photographs interspersed throughout the pamphlet from the collection of\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Robert_Nakamura/\" title=\"Robert Nakamura\">\n     Bob Nakamura\n    </a>\n    and Visual Communications, at the time, a committee of the\n    <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Japanese_American_Citizens_League/\" title=\"Japanese American Citizens League\">\n     Japanese American Citizens League\n    </a>\n    (JACL). These images capture the impact of wartime hysteria and resulting government policies as they show the desolation of the barracks style housing, the irony of childhood innocence captured behind barbed wire, and the sense of foreboding that greeted inmates who daily passed beneath armed guard towers. In this short pamphlet Embrey offers a brief window into the incarceration of Japanese Americans and the violation of their civil rights at Manzanar and other incarceration centers during the war.\n   </p>\n   <div id=\"authorByline\">\n    <b>\n     Authored by\n     <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Kelli_Y._Nakamura/\" title=\"Kelli Y. Nakamura\">\n      Kelli Y. Nakamura\n     </a>\n     , University of Hawai'i\n    </b>\n   </div>\n   <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n    Nakamura, Kelli\n   </div>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Find_in_the_Digital_Library_of_Japanese_American_Incarceration\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Find_in_the_Digital_Library_of_Japanese_American_Incarceration\">\n    Find in the Digital Library of Japanese American Incarceration\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    <b>\n     <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n      The Lost Years: 1942-1946\n     </a>\n    </b>\n   </p>\n   <p style=\"font-size:8pt;line-height:1.5;color: #aaa;\">\n    This item has been made freely available in the\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Digital Library of Japanese American Incarceration\n    </a>\n    , a collaborative project with\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     Internet Archive\n    </a>\n    .\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n    For More Information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    <i>\n     The Lost Years\n    </i>\n    on the National Park Service website:\n    <a class=\"external free offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n\n    </a>\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Bahr, Diana Meyers.\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     <i>\n      The Unquiet Nisei: An Oral History of the Life of Sue Kunitomi Embrey\n     </i>\n    </a>\n    . New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Embrey, Sue Kunitomi.\n    <i>\n     The Lost Years, 1942-1946\n    </i>\n    . Los Angeles: Moonlight Publications, 1972.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    \"From Manzanar to the Present: A Personal Journey.\" In\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     <i>\n      Last Witnesses: Reflections on the Wartime Internment of Japanese Americans\n     </i>\n     ,\n    </a>\n    edited by Erica Harth, 167–85. New York: Palgrave, 2001.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Hansen, Arthur A. \"Oral History and the Japanese American Evacuation.\"\n    <i>\n     Journal of American History\n    </i>\n    82.2 (Sep. 1995): 625-39.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Mitson, Betty E. \"Looking Back in Anguish: Oral History and Japanese-American Evacuation.\"\n    <i>\n     Oral History Review\n    </i>\n    2 (1974): 24-51.\n   </p>\n  </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"Footnotes\">\n    Footnotes\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <div class=\"reflist\" style=\"list-style-type: decimal;\">\n    <div class=\"mw-references-wrap\">\n     <ol class=\"references\">\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref1-1\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref1_1-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Sue Kunitomi Embrey,\n        <i>\n         The Lost Years, 1942-1946\n        </i>\n        (Los Angeles: Moonlight Publications, 1972), 2.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n      <li id=\"cite_note-ftnt_ref2-2\">\n       <span class=\"mw-cite-backlink\">\n        <a class=\"\" href=\"#cite_ref-ftnt_ref2_2-0\">\n         ↑\n        </a>\n       </span>\n       <span class=\"reference-text\">\n        Embrey,\n        <i>\n         The Lost Years\n        </i>\n        , 51.\n       </span>\n      </li>\n     </ol>\n    </div>\n   </div>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20220112182751\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nComplications: []\nCPU time usage: 0.017 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.025 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 228/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 2949/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 629/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 5/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 720/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   18.223      1 -total\n 14.39%    2.623      1 Template:Reflist\n 12.48%    2.275      1 Template:Databox-Books\n  8.57%    1.562      1 Template:Published\n  8.43%    1.536      1 Template:AuthorByline\n  8.11%    1.477      1 Template:FindAtIA\n-->\n   <!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:2302-0!canonical and timestamp 20220112182751 and revision id 31218\n -->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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