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{
    "url_title": "Toppenish, Washington (detention facility)",
    "title_sort": "toppenishwashingtondetentionfacility",
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    "modified": "2020-06-09T18:04:06",
    "title": "Toppenish, Washington (detention facility)",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <p>\n  Proposed \"\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Assembly_centers/\" title=\"Assembly centers\">\n   assembly center\n  </a>\n  \" site located in central Washington that was to hold Japanese Americans removed from the Yakima area. Though the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Wartime_Civil_Control_Administration/\" title=\"Wartime Civil Control Administration\">\n   Wartime Civil Control Administration\n  </a>\n  (WCCA) began construction on the site, they abandoned plans for the camp when a variety of problems came up. Japanese American from Yakima and other areas south and east of greater Seattle/Tacoma ended up being sent to the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Portland_(detention_facility)/\" title=\"Portland (detention facility)\">\n   Portland Assembly Center\n  </a>\n  in Oregon.\n </p>\n <p>\n  The proposed site in Toppenish was part of the Golden Hop Yard, which included housing for migrant workers. The WCCA determined that the existing buildings could be adapted to house the approximately 1,200 Japanese Americans who lived in and around Yakima. Because the owners wanted the site to be available to house workers to pick the hops in the fall, it would only be available for around three months. Once construction began at the end of March 1942, several difficulties emerged, including latrines that would need to be replaced, insufficient fire fighting facilities in an area prone to fires, poor water pressure, and a lack of outdoor recreation space since the site was surrounded by hops fields. These issues, in combination with the short time frame that the site would be available, led to the WCCA abandoning the project despite having completed a new 500 person capacity mess hall and a twenty-six bed infirmary. Some of this infrastructure was taken out and moved to\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Puyallup_(detention_facility)/\" title=\"Puyallup (detention facility)\">\n   Puyallup\n  </a>\n  and\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Tule_Lake/\" title=\"Tule Lake\">\n   Tule Lake\n  </a>\n  . Japanese Americans from the Yakima area ended up being moved further south to the Portland Assembly Center.\n </p>\n <div id=\"authorByline\">\n  <b>\n   Authored by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Brian_Niiya/\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n    Brian Niiya\n   </a>\n   , Densho\n  </b>\n </div>\n <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  Niiya, Brian\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n    For More Information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Fiset, Louis.\n    <i>\n     Camp Harmony: Seattle's Japanese Americans and the Puyallup Assembly Center\n    </i>\n    . Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2009.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Girdner, Audrie, and Anne Loftis.\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"https://archive.org/details/greatbetrayaleva00unse\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     <i>\n      The Great Betrayal: The Evacuation of the Japanese-Americans during World War II\n     </i>\n    </a>\n    . London: Macmillan, 1969.\n   </p>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20201114001458\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nCPU time usage: 0.015 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.016 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 23/1000000\nPreprocessor generated node count: 95/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 367/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 58/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 3/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 0/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0/100\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%    4.809      1 -total\n 51.40%    2.472      1 Template:AuthorByline\n 43.81%    2.107      1 Template:Published\n-->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:2332-0!canonical and timestamp 20201114001458 and revision id 29867\n -->\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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    "authors": [
        "http://encyclopedia.densho.org/api/0.1/authors/Brian%20Niiya/"
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