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    "url_title": "Tsuneji Chino",
    "title_sort": "chinotsuneji",
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    "modified": "2023-12-15T23:54:08",
    "title": "Tsuneji Chino",
    "body": "<div class=\"mw-parser-output\">\n <div id=\"databox-PeopleDisplay\">\n  <table class=\"infobox\" width=\"200px;\">\n   <tbody>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Name\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Tsuneji Chino\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Born\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      July 15 1881\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Died\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      February 27 1964\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Birth Location\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Nakago-ken, Japan\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n    <tr>\n     <th scope=\"row\" style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      Generational Identifier\n     </th>\n     <td style=\"text-align:left;\">\n      <p>\n       <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Issei/\" title=\"Issei\">\n        Issei\n       </a>\n      </p>\n     </td>\n    </tr>\n   </tbody>\n  </table>\n </div>\n <div id=\"databox-People\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  <p>\n   FirstName:Chino;\nLastName:Tsuneji;\nDisplayName:Tsuneji Chino;\nBirthDate:1881-07-15;\nDeathDate:1964-02-27;\nBirthLocation:Nakago-ken, Japan;\nGender:Male;\nEthnicity:JA;\nGenerationIdentifier:Issei;\nNationality:;\nExternalResourceLink:;\nPrimaryGeography:California;\nReligion:;\n  </p>\n </div>\n <p>\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Issei/\" title=\"Issei\">\n   Issei\n  </a>\n  farmer and community leader. Tsuneji Chino (1881–1964) was one of the leaders of the Issei legal challenges to the California\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Alien_land_laws/\" title=\"Alien land laws\">\n   Alien Land Law\n  </a>\n  in the early 1920s and a successful celery grower in Orange and San Diego Counties. Born in Nagano Prefecture in Japan and having attended college for a time, he came to the U.S. in 1905, eventually settling in Orange County, California. Given his education and English language ability, he became a labor contractor, then a farmer, and a leader of the local\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Japanese_associations/\" title=\"Japanese associations\">\n   Japanese Association\n  </a>\n  . In the latter capacity, he led efforts to challenge the alien land law that ended up going all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, which ultimately turned back the challenge and upheld the legality of the laws. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, Chino was among the Issei community leaders arrested. He was first sent to the\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Tuna_Canyon_(detention_facility)/\" title=\"Tuna Canyon (detention facility)\">\n   Tuna Canyon Detention Station\n  </a>\n  , then to internment camps at\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Fort_Missoula_(detention_facility)/\" title=\"Fort Missoula (detention facility)\">\n   Fort Missoula\n  </a>\n  , Montana and\n  <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Santa_Fe_(detention_facility)/\" title=\"Santa Fe (detention facility)\">\n   Santa Fe\n  </a>\n  , New Mexico. He returned to Southern California after the war and worked as a gardener in Santa Ana, California. He died in Santa Ana in 1964.\n </p>\n <div id=\"authorByline\">\n  <b>\n   Authored by\n   <a class=\"encyc notrg\" href=\"/Brian_Niiya/\" title=\"Brian Niiya\">\n    Brian Niiya\n   </a>\n   , Densho\n  </b>\n </div>\n <div id=\"citationAuthor\" style=\"display:none;\">\n  Niiya, Brian\n </div>\n <div class=\"section\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n  <h2>\n   <span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"For_More_Information\">\n    For More Information\n   </span>\n  </h2>\n  <div class=\"section_content\">\n   <p>\n    Estes, Donald H.\n    <i>\n     South Bay Monogatari: Tales of the South Bay Nikkei Community.\n    </i>\n    San Diego, California: Tecolote Publications, 1996.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    __________. \"Tsuneji Chino.\" In\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     <i>\n      Encyclopedia of Japanese American History, An A-to-Z Reference from 1868 to the Present, Updated Edition\n     </i>\n    </a>\n    . Edited by Brian Niiya. New York: Checkmark Books, 2001. 137–38.\n   </p>\n   <p>\n    Henry Kiyomi Akiyama oral history. In\n    <a class=\"external text offsite\" href=\"\" rel=\"nofollow\">\n     <i>\n      Issei Experience in Orange County, California\n     </i>\n     .\n    </a>\n    Historical and Cultural Foundation of Orange County, Japanese American Council, and California State University Fullerton Oral History Program, Japanese American Project. Interviewed by Arthur A. Hansen and Yasko Gamo, June 10, 29 and July 27, 1982.]\n   </p>\n   <!-- \nNewPP limit report\nCached time: 20240418160742\nCache expiry: 86400\nDynamic content: false\nComplications: []\nCPU time usage: 0.011 seconds\nReal time usage: 0.016 seconds\nPreprocessor visited node count: 125/1000000\nPost‐expand include size: 1929/2097152 bytes\nTemplate argument size: 258/2097152 bytes\nHighest expansion depth: 6/40\nExpensive parser function count: 0/100\nUnstrip recursion depth: 0/20\nUnstrip post‐expand size: 0/5000000 bytes\nExtLoops count: 0\n-->\n   <!--\nTransclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template)\n100.00%   11.272      1 -total\n 70.62%    7.960      1 Template:Databox-People\n 14.34%    1.616      1 Template:Published\n 14.22%    1.603      1 Template:AuthorByline\n-->\n   <!-- Saved in parser cache with key encycmw:pcache:idhash:2474-0!canonical and timestamp 20240418160742 and revision id 35677\n -->\n  </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n<div class=\"toplink\">\n <a href=\"#top\">\n  <i class=\"icon-chevron-up\">\n  </i>\n  Top\n </a>\n</div>",
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