Living conditions

Japanese Americans behind homemade pond

Shown here are Japanese Americans from Block 26 in front of their handcrafted fish pond.
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Woman en route to the shower

Kadju Nishimura of Block 26 is on her way to take a shower. Note the Japanese clogs, called geta, that she is wearing. Geta enabled her to keep her feet clean while she walked through the dirt and mud.
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Stockade wood-burning stove

In 1943, Tule Lake concentration camp became a segregation center. A stockade was built to detain those who were considered security risks by the WRA. This wood-burning stove was used to help heat the stockade.
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Memo from [Willard E.] Schmidt, Chief of Administrative Police, to [Raymond R.] Best, [1944]

Regards arming the Administrative Police Section, including reasons for using the sawed-off shotgun vs. the 45 automatic pistol for security purposes, and the potential for escalation of tensions in a "divided camp (anti and pro, status quo)." See also the related typewritten memo, Memorandum from Willard [E.] Schmidt, Chief, Administrative …
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Arts and literature

Mollie Nakasaki Interview Segment 16

Singing and performing in camp

This interview was conducted by the Japanese American Museum of San Jose, and is part of a project entitled "Lasting Stories: The Resettlement of San Jose Japantown," a collaborative project between the Japanese American Museum of San Jose and Densho.
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Kazuko Iwahashi Interview Segment 17

Studying music in camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of …


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Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 15

Activities in camp: acting in plays with a theater group, participating in a writers' group
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Social and recreational activities

Japanese Americans digging for shells

These individuals are digging for shells to make jewelry, which was a popular pastime for many Japanese Americans in camp. Left to right: Kumataro Nishimura, Kadju Nishimura, Jimmie Yorita, Neal Frost (son of one of the teachers at Tule Lake), and Patsy Yorita. Tule Lake was drained in the early …
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Japanese American and friend sifting for shells

Patsy Yorita (left) and Neal Frost, (son of a teacher at the Tule Lake concentration camp), sift dirt for shells. The shells were used by people in the camp to make jewelry. Tule Lake was drained in the early 1900s. The camp was located on the old lake bed, where …
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May Day queen and king


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