Civilian Conservation Corps
A federal program designed by President Franklin Roosevelt in 1933 to relieve unemployment and combat environmental degradation. More than 500,000 men ages eighteen to twenty-five worked at CCC camps in state parks, forests, and other remote areas around the country until mid-1942, when the program was discontinued. Many former CCC camp sites were repurposed during World War II to hold Japanese American detainees under the auspices of the Justice Department/Immigration and Naturalization Service (e.g. Kooskia, Griffith Park, and many others), Wartime Civil Control Administration (Mayer), or War Relocation Authority (Cow Creek, Moab, Antelope Springs, and Tule Lake isolation center.