|Birth Location||Gardena, California|
Attorney, law professor and member of Fred Korematsu's coram nobis team.
Born in Los Angeles and raised in the Japanese American community of Gardena, California, Lorraine Bannai (1955- ) received a B.A. in Environmental Studies from the University of California, Santa Barbara in 1976. She earned her a law degree from University of San Francisco School of Law in 1979.
Although she knew as a child that her parents and their families were in "camp" during World War II (the Manzanar concentration camp), it wasn't until Bannai took Asian American Studies courses in college that she understood the racism that contributed to the wartime incarceration, the harshness of life in camp, and the tremendous losses that the Japanese American community experienced.
Growing up in the 1960s, Bannai was aware of the civil rights and anti-Vietnam War movements, as well as the budding Asian American movement. But she became politicized as a law student during the struggle to preserve affirmative action in law school admissions. On studying the Supreme Court's decision in the Korematsu case, she was shocked to learn that the highest court in the country had validated the racial targeting of Japanese Americans.
After graduating from law school, she worked part-time as an attorney for the small Oakland law firm of Minami, Tomine, and Lew (now Minami Tamaki, LLP) and part-time at the University of California's Boalt Hall School of Law (now Berkeley Law) coordinating academic support for non-traditional students.
In the early 1980s, Bannai was active with Bay Area Attorneys for Redress, which submitted a brief to the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) on the constitutional issues raised by the mass incarceration. She testified before the Commission at its San Francisco hearings. Bannai's father, Paul, was the first executive director of CWRIC.
As part of Korematsu's coram nobis legal team, she shared lead responsibility for managing, summarizing and organizing the massive number of documents. Early in the cases, she coordinated the work of all three coram nobis legal teams. But like all team members, she was also involved in legal research, public education, and fundraising for the cases.
After Korematsu's coram nobis victory, Bannai continued working at the law firm, eventually becoming a partner, handling general civil litigation, as well as cases dealing with civil rights issues, particular those impacting Asian Americans. She also taught at various law schools in Bay Area.
In 1988, she left the law firm to focus on her work as a law professor. Since 1996, she has been on the faculty of the Seattle University School of Law, where she is also director of the Fred T. Korematsu Center for Law and Equality, which engages in interdisciplinary research, advocacy and education on pressing social issues.
Bannai has spoken and written extensively on the World War II incarceration. In 2012, she testified before the Senate Judiciary Committee arguing against the indefinite detention provisions of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA). She also co-authored an amicus brief on behalf of the children of Fred Korematsu, Gordon Hirabayashi, and Minoru Yasui in Hedges v. Obama, a lawsuit challenging the NDAA.
She is writing a biography of Fred Korematsu.
For More Information
Bannai, Lorraine, interview by Margaret Chon and Alice Ito. March 23 and 24, 2000. Densho Digital Archive. http://archive.densho.org/main.aspx.
Seattle University School of Law faculty webpage. http://www.law.seattleu.edu/faculty/faculty-profiles/lorraine-bannai.