Old Raton (detention facility)
|US Gov Name||Old Raton Ranch Internment Camp|
|Facility Type||Department of Justice Internment Camp|
|Administrative Agency||U.S. Department of Justice|
|Location||Lincoln, New Mexico (33.4833 lat, -105.3833 lng)|
|Date Opened||January 23, 1942|
|Date Closed||December 18, 1942|
|Population Description||The entire Japanese American population of Clovis, New Mexico, a total of thirty-two people.|
|General Description||An abandoned Civilian Conservation Corps camp located 13 miles east of Fort Stanton internment camp in the Lincoln National Forest in southern New Mexico; also known as Baca Ranch Camp|
|Peak Population||32 (1942-01-23)|
|Exit Destination||Poston, Gila River and Topaz WRA incarceration camps|
|National Park Service Info|
The isolated Old Raton Ranch camp held the entire Japanese American population of Clovis, New Mexico—men, women, and children, alien and citizen—who had been rounded up by the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) on January 23, 1942, a month before Executive Order 9066. Work, school, and other activities were unavailable to the inmates. After almost a year of these bleak conditions, the Japanese Americans were transferred to War Relocation Authority (WRA) incarceration camps. None of the thirty-two Japanese Americans returned to Clovis.
For More Information
Culley, John J. “World War II and a Western Town: The Internment of Japanese Railroad Workers of Clovis, New Mexico.” Western Historical Quarterly 13.1 (Jan. 1982): 43-61.